1.         Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) (C 1022)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2001

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2010-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Fire that resulted in the destruction of part of the property

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4351

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-2010)
Total amount approved: USD 111,292
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: 2011-2012: 68,365 USD from the Japanese FIT for an Expert Appraisal Mission; 2013-2015: 650,000 USD from the Japanese FIT for the project: Technical and financial assistance for the reconstruction of Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga, architectural masterpiece of the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi, Uganda, World Heritage property in Danger.

Previous monitoring missions

April 2010, August 2011, November 2011, and August 2013: World Heritage Centre mission; November 2010: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS/ICCROM reactive monitoring mission; April 2012: Joint ICOMOS/ICCROM reactive monitoring mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Destruction by fire of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga 

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1022/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

On 17 February 2014, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/356/documents. This addressed the requests of the World Heritage Committee at its last session as follows:

Develop a fully-fledged capacity building strategy for submission to the World Heritage Centre for review: The State Party reports that urgent capacity building efforts have been undertaken but, for now, no further capacity building work is being undertaken until the fund-raising strategy is completed. Furthermore there appears to have been no development of a capacity building strategy or a re-structured approach to capacity building, as requested.

-  Develop the second phase of an interpretation and public awareness programme on the restoration of the property: the State Party reports that the first phase of a public awareness programme has been undertaken and that a second phase has yet to be finalized.

Invite an ICOMOS advisory mission to the property to provide technical advice on the reconstruction project and appropriate monitoring arrangements:An ICOMOS advisory mission has been invited to the property in May 2014 for technical advice through the UNESCO-Japanese Funded Project.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The strong commitment of the State Party towards the re-construction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga and the overall restoration and conservation of the property is noted. However, it is of concern that most of the detailed requests of the Committee have not been addressed over the past three years.

Even though fund-raising for the wider property is clearly a priority, the provision of detailed strategies and timelines should have been undertaken for the whole property in order to prioritise work and detail resource and capacity building needs. It is recommended that the Committee reiterates its request for these crucial details to be provided.

As final reconstruction drawings for the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga have not been provided, there remains uncertainty over the planned progress of the re-building of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga; specifically how it will be achieved, and within what time frame. Work has now started, without seeking ICOMOS technical advice and without clear approaches to capacity building, interpretation and public awareness as well as the follow up to the recommendations of the 2011 mission. Although a restoration strategy has been agreed-upon for the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga, this needs to be augmented with details of the precise work to be undertaken and a timeframe for its implementation, as requested by the Committee in 2011, 2012 and 2013; and these should have been provided to the World Heritage Centre and Advisory Bodies for review before the detailed re-building work commenced. There has been no progress on the second phase of the interpretation and public awareness programme on the restoration of the property, which needs to be seen as an essential support for the re-building project.

It is recommended that the Committee express concern at this lack of dialogue and detailed feedback on this most critical restoration project.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.26

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7A.21 adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Welcomes the continuing commitment of the State Party to pursue the reconstruction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga and the restoration of the wider property;
  4. Expresses concern that detailed information on the planned work, and timelines for the reconstruction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga have still not been provided, even though work on the supportive framework for the building has been undertaken;
  5. Requests the State Party to implement the recommendations of the ICOMOS Advisory Mission to the property (12-15 May 2014), in particular:
    1. Finalise a realistic, revised reconstruction project timeline with clearly defined benchmarks, and submit it as a matter of urgency to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies,
    2. Document the reconstruction process,
    3. Improve organisation, skills, equipment and security issues,
    4. Urgently reconvene the National Technical Committee to oversee the technicalities of the reconstruction project,
    5. Fully implement the current governance structure; and reassess the human and financial resources required to complete the Reconstruction Project, in particular to cover the Site Manager’s full-time presence on the property,
    6. Reconsider the current design of the firefighting system, which will have a negative impact on the visual qualities and spirit of place of the property,
    7. Agree upon the final Master Plan before implementing any new constructions; and reconsider the tall concrete wall recently constructed around the perimeter of the property as well as the proposed ‘living museum’ concept that may impact negatively on the OUV of the property;
  6. Also requests the State Party to invite a UNESCO/ICOMOS/ICCROM reactive monitoring mission to the property to consider the concerns highlighted by the Mission relating to: the lack of effective management and resources for the reconstruction project, the current draft Master Plan and its possible commercialisation projects, and unplanned work such as the perimeter wall and new buildings;
  7. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, including a 1-page executive summary, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  8. Decides to retain the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: