1.         Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture (Bolivia (Plurinational State of)) (C 567rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2000

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1995-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 4,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 870,000 for the project “Preservation and Conservation of Tiwanaku and the Akapana Pyramid” (UNESCO/Japan Funds-in-Trust for World Heritage). Moratorium from March 2010 to May 2012.

Previous monitoring missions

November 2007: World Heritage Centre Preparatory Mission; February-March 2009: World Heritage Centre Technical Assessment Mission for the implementation of the JFIT project; November 2009: World Heritage Centre. UNESCO Quito Office monitoring mission; November 2010: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; August 2012: World Heritage Centre mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

On 31 January 2014, the State Party submitted a State of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/documents/. Progress is reported on the following:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The measures implemented to improve coordinated work among the central and local governments, particularly the appointment of the director for the CIAAAT are well noted.  However, given the recent approval of the management structure, progress has been limited in establishing a fully operational system.  Extensive interventions have continued at the property without having a comprehensive conservation plan in place. It is not clear how the implemented actions respond to conservation assessments and priorities. A significant amount of work has been done on reconstruction and new renders and these interventions are not responsive to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property.

There is some concern that without a clear framework for action and a sound conservation policy in place, continuing with these extensive measures could erode the conditions of authenticity of the property and can potentially threaten its OUV. The need to ensure the stability of the physical fabric is recognized, but that clear limits and strategies for conservation and restoration need to be set under a conservation policy driven by the OUV of the property.  Conservation decision-making needs also to be based on the results from condition assessment and monitoring, and also in consideration to the evaluation of results from previous interventions, particularly on mortars, as was recommended by the Expert meeting.

Finally, an adequate buffer zone, responsive to protection requirements, needs to be established and that regulatory measures ought to be defined in a participatory and inclusive process to ensure their adoption by the local government and communities. This measure is essential to ensure that the conditions of integrity of the property are sustained.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.39

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.92 adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Notes the appointment of the director for the Research Centre, Archaeological, Anthropological and Management Tiwanaku (CIAAAT) and the approval of the management structure for the property and urges the State Party to secure the necessary resources to make it fully operational;
  4. Notes with appreciation the progress made by the national and local authorities in the development of the management and conservation plan for the property;
  5. Expresses its concern about the extent of restoration interventions undertaken at the Akapana pyramid and the Puma Punku sector that can potentially erode the conditions of authenticity of the property and requests the State Party to halt these interventions until the Conservation and the Management plans have been developed;
  6. Also requests the State Party to finalise the conservation and management planning process and to provide an electronic and three printed copies of the draft revised management plan and the conservation plan by 1 October 2014 for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  7. Reiterates its request to establish a buffer zone for the property and adopt the necessary regulatory measures to ensure the protection of its Outstanding Universal Value and conditions of authenticity and integrity;
  8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2015, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016.