1.         Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl (Russian Federation) (C 1170)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2005

Criteria  (ii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1170/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2002-2002)
Total amount approved: USD 9,348
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1170/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

May 2009, 2012: joint World Heritage Centre/ ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1170/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

On 20 January 2014, The State Party submitted a state of conservation report. An executive summary of this report is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1170/documents/. It responds to the concerns expressed in Decisions 36 COM 7B.84 and 37 COM 7B.81 and the report of the 2012 reactive monitoring mission.

The State Party provided updated information regarding legislative and regulatory protection for the property and its buffer zone at national and regional level, such as approval of the 2012 Federal Government order designating the property as a ‘remarkable site’ of federal importance, preparation of new legislation which will restrict land use and developments within the property, approval of the boundaries of the property and buffer zone and definition of the City of Yaroslavl’s World Heritage property Protection Zone regulations.

The State Party highlighted that the management and planning systems for the property, divided between three separate federal and regional Ministries, should be improved. It recognized that this system has led to weaknesses in control over large-scale development projects, and that a management plan and conservation strategy, as well as a management structure need to be established. In preparation for this, the State Party organized seminars on World Heritage Management systems and requested the assistance of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for the compilation of the management plan.

The State Party indicated that the planned bell tower of the newly reconstructed Cathedral of the Assumption has not been constructed yet, and that its archaeological remains have been conserved. The State Party confirmed that a proposed hotel development on the Volga embankment, which was judged as inappropriate in height and design, is the subject of a current appeal.

The State Party provided information that, in addition to two new bridges constructed in 2010 over the Volga and the Kotorosl, further infrastructure developments are planned for completion by 2026 as outlined in the Urban Master Plan. These developments include a by-pass, two bridges and a traffic interchange.

The State Party confirmed that all relevant information on any new construction within the property and its buffer zone will be transmitted to the World Heritage Centre for review.The State Party reported on status of recently undertaken conservation projects within the property and its buffer zone.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has made some progress in strengthening the legislative control over the property and preparation of a new legislation. However, both legislative and management control still require urgent improvement. It is recommended that the World Heritage Committee urge the State Party to adopt, as a matter of urgency, a legal document which should take into consideration the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property inscribed for its importance in architecture, town planning and spatial relationships between buildings, its specific landscape setting, as well as important views and lines of inter-visibility. This document should restrict land use and developments within the property, with particular emphasis on the establishment of no-construction zones and strict limits to development rights. This legal instrument should be operational including for projects which were already approved within the existing Urban Master Plan and without any consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.

While the plans for further major infrastructure interventions in the landscape of the property could represent a potential threat to the OUV of the property, no proposals with accompanying heritage impact assessments have been submitted to the World Heritage Centre for any of the developments listed in the report as still awaiting implementation.

It is also recommended that the Committee strongly reiterate its request to the State Party to submit, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, details of any proposed developments, including those listed in the report but not yet implemented, that may have an adverse impact on the OUV of the property, accompanied by Heritage Impact Assessments.

Conservation projects are still undertaken without an appropriate Conservation Strategy for the property, but that the development of this is planned to be undertaken during the preparation of the property’s management plan.

It is further recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to improve the management structure of the property and its buffer zone and produce a management plan.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.31

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 36 COM 7B.84 and 37 COM 7B.81 adopted at its 36th (Saint-Petersburg, 2012) and 37th (Phnom Penh, 2013) sessions respectively,
  3. Notes the progress made by the State Party in strengthening legislative and regulatory control to improve the protection of the property;
  4. Reiterates its concerns that inappropriate construction and/or infrastructure developments with inappropriate scale, height and mass, or incorporating non-traditional materials, impose a threat to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property inscribed for its importance in architecture, town planning and spatial relationships between buildings and urges the State Party to:
    1. to finalize and adopt an appropriate legal instrument which should take into consideration the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) to restrict land use and developments within the property, with particular emphasis on the establishment of no-construction zones, and strict limits to development rights,
    2. to ensure that this legal instrument be applicable even for the projects which were already approved within the existing Urban Master Plan,
    3. to ensure that heritage impact assessments become a mandatory prior to any development;
  5. Also urges the State Party to improve the management structure of the property and to submit to the World Heritage Centre, a Management Plan along with a Conservation strategy for the property, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  6. Strongly reiterates its request to the State Party to submit, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines , details of any proposed developments, including those reported as still awaiting implementation, such as the new bypass road, bridges and traffic interchange around the property, that may have an adverse impact on the OUV of the property, accompanied by heritage impact assessments;
  7. Also notes that the excavated remains of the original bell tower of the Cathedral of the Assumption are being conserved and requests the State Party to confirm that the proposed reconstruction of the bell tower has been cancelled;
  8. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2015, a report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and on the implementation of the above points, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8E

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E,
  2. Congratulates the States Parties for the excellent work accomplished in the elaboration of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in their territories;
  3. Adopts the retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E, for the following World Heritage properties:
ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:

    EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA:

    LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARRIBBEANS:

    4.  Decides that retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in Danger will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies in priority;
    5.  Further decides that, considering the high number of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value to be examined, the order in which they will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies will follow the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting, namely:

    6.  Takes note that the World Heritage Centre is in the process of harmonising all sub-headings in the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value and, as appropriate, reflects name changes of World Heritage properties throughout the text of the Statements as requested by the Committee at its 37th session, and requests the World Heritage Centre to also update the size of the property and/or its buffer zone, as appropriate, following subsequent Decisions of the World Heritage Committee concerning Minor Boundary Modifications.
    7.  Requests the States Parties to provide support to the World Heritage Centre for translation of the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value into English or French respectively, and finally requests the Centre to upload the two language versions on its website.