Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1979
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/80/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/80/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
November 2012: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission.
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/80/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014
On 30 January 2014, The State Party submitted a detailed state of conservation report, available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/80/documents. This report addresses the recommendations of the 2011 Reactive Monitoring Mission and current conservation issues.
- The Amended Protection Area (Périmètre de Protection Modifié or PPM), based on the principle of co-visibility, defines the area from which the Mount is seen and which is visible from the Mount.
- Consultations have started on a revised definition and delimitation of the protection area.
- Reconsider pedestrian distances between the car park and shuttle access point: This has been revised.
- Prepare an urban plan for the Barracks area: A draft spatial planning charter will continue to be developed, subject to an agreement upon new submersion heights.
- Develop a planting plan for the Cloisters that evokes a medieval garden: Given the lack of records for the mediaeval garden, it has been decided to restore the "neo-medieval” garden designed by Yves-Marie Froidevaux in 1965.
- Raising Awareness of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV): A symposium was held in April 2013 and an exhibition of photographs commissioned. A 3-year support post has also been created.
Other conservation issues:
- Weakening of the Ramparts: The ramparts have been the subject of a long-term conservation plan, which will soon be completed. Since 2011, sea erosion has increased at the foot of walls and this could affect the stability of the monument. An impact assessment is being carried out. Stabilising works would include protecting the base of the walls by surrounding them with sediment-covered rocks.
- Safety Pathway on the side of the rock: The State Party report responds to earlier inquiries by the World Heritage Centre regarding the ongoing excavation of an 18m by 1.4m passage in the rock face, part of an additional security pathway. The State Party report indicates that measures to mitigate the visual impacts of the passage are foreseen.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
As the result of a multi-disciplinary approach involving additional protective measures and new tools, the recommendations of the mission relating to the visual protection of the immediate and wider setting of the property are being achieved, with the exception of the height of the Ford (gué), set at 7.30m for security reasons, against the recommendation of the 2011 Reactive Monitoring Mission. All the remaining recommendations of the mission relating to the Pathway Bridge (pont-passerelle), car park, the development plan for the Barracks, and the planting plans for the Cloisters have been addressed, although it was impossible to re-create a mediaeval garden in the Cloisters.
It should also be noted that the terrain modelling methods used for assessing visual impact of wind turbines have already been adopted in Brittany and Lower Normandy and could serve as an example of good practice for World Heritage properties facing similar issues.
In terms of improving management and promoting better awareness of the OUV of the property, it is noted that a Management Plan is being developed, and that extra staff resources have been allocated for the implementation of this Plan and to strengthen the dialogue with local prefects.
It is recommended that the Committee request further information to be provided by the State Party on ongoing projects, notably the construction of the Security Pathway, and to refrain from further alterations that may impact the property.
Finally, the increase in sea erosion since 2011 is a cause for concern, but it is noted that there has been an immediate response consisting of surveys as well as the development of a project to strengthen the foundations of the ramparts.
Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.26
The World Heritage Committee,