Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2003
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1073/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 68,900
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1073/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
2004, 2006, 2007: World Heritage Centre missions; 2011: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS/ICCROM reactive monitoring mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1073/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014
On 31 January 2014, the State Party submitted a document containing a brief report on the state of conservation of the property and a concise document entitled “management plan”. The report is available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1073/documents/. Four “Boundaries marking maps”, one for each of Gebel Barkal, El Kurru, Nuri and Zuma were attached to the report. No map for Sanam was provided.
The State Party confirmed that the main factors affecting the property are the urban and agricultural extensions, the desertification of some areas and high relative humidity of the micro climate inside the tombs and other enclosed environments, and the lack of coordination with the local authorities and stakeholders to define the property’s boundaries, delineate the buffer zones and protect the property against potential negative impacts on the visual qualities from modern buildings, high tension towers, highway, etc.
To address these issues and in order to respond to the World Heritage Committee’s request, the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (NCAM) launched in 2010 the mapping of the five components of the property. An agreement was signed in 2009 between Sudan and Qatar to protect and develop the antiquities in the Northern Sudan and the River Nile states. The project includes archaeological research, site protection, conservation and restoration of sandstones and mud brick monuments, site presentation and development of tourism facilities, publication of guidebooks and publications.
Indications on actions implemented and proposed at the different component parts of the property are mentioned in the “management plan”. These include conservation interventions, maintenance, protection actions, and improvement of public use facilities among others. Budgets are presented for implementation but it is not clear whether they have been secured.
Finally, the report notes the issues raised by the construction of a hotel at Gebel Barkal and the process undertaken to mitigate its impact.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The report on the state of conservation does not provide information on whether concrete measures have been undertaken to address the conservation and management issues raised by the 2011 reactive monitoring mission and acknowledged by the State Party. The mapping of four of the five components of the property (no map was provided for Sanam) is an important achievement but the maps provided do not meet the requirements set forth in the Operational Guidelines as they are not topographical and do not clearly indicate the boundaries of the property and of its buffer zone. The signature of an agreement between Sudan and Qatar is undoubtedly an opportunity for the State Party to implement the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee. However, there is no indication on any concrete allocation of funds or action plan, with detailed activities, to address the conservation issues at the component parts of property.
Also, the State Party’s report, which lists a series of actions that benefit the conservation of the property, does not reflect whether these actions are implemented in the framework of an overall management strategy. It does not provide either any information on ongoing monitoring or capacity building activities for site staff and other stakeholders, as requested by the World Heritage Committee.
It is recommended that the World Heritage Committee request the State Party to:
Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.5
The World Heritage Committee,