1.         Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Pakistan) (C 171)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   2000-2012

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/171/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1981-2000)
Total amount approved: USD 121,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/171/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

October 1999: World Heritage Centre mission; September 2000: joint UNESCO/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission ; April 2001: joint mission World Heritage Centre / Ville de Strasbourg ;  April 2001: World Heritage Centre mission 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/171/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003


At its 24th session in December 2000 the World Heritage Committee decided to inscribe Lahore Fort and Shalamar Gardens on the List of World Heritage in Danger and approved an International Assistance request amounting to US$ 50,000 to: a) elaborate a comprehensive management plan and b) undertake consolidation and conservation measures of the hydraulic works destroyed in 1999 to adequately protect what still remained at the time, subject to the State Party submitting a revised work plan and budget breakdown for the activity. The Government of Pakistan submitted these requested documents on 14 February 2003, and the implementation of the activity will commence in 2003, provided the Advisory Bodies support the revised work plan and budget breakdown.

Using project proposals elaborated in 2001-2002 with World Heritage Centre extrabudgetary funds, the UNESCO Islamabad Office and national authorities organized a donors’ meeting in 2003 to raise funds for conservation interventions at specific structures within the Shalamar Gardens.

A project proposal (Euro 750,000) to apply for EU-Asia-Urbs Programme funding has been prepared and the French city of Nancy has agreed to serve as a partner.


Additional Details:

Pollution is considered a particular threat to the property. New infrastructures, motorized traffic, industrial installations and encroachments are threatening the conservation of Shalamar Gardens and the Lahore Fort. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 27 COM 7A.24

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Expresses appreciation to the State Party for submitting the revised work plan and budget breakdown for the Shalamar Gardens International Assistance request;

2. Requests the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre to assist the authorities in implementing this International Assistance request;

3. Requests the State Party to examine the heritage values of Shalamar Gardens and Lahore Fort to redefine the core, buffer and support zones of these two properties;

4. Takes note with satisfaction, of the on-going positive co-operation between the Department of Archaeology and other national, provincial and municipal authorities, in order to redress the encroachment issues surrounding the Shalamar Gardens;

5. Takes note with appreciation of the positive actions taken or being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre to rehabilitate the Shalamar Gardens and to elaborate a comprehensive management plan, although regretting the delays in implementing the emergency assistance activity for taking corrective measures to remove the threats to the property;

6. Takes note with appreciation of the positive actions taken by the State Party in co-operation with the Government of Norway and UNESCO Islamabad Office for the rehabilitation of the Lahore Fort, through documentation of the property, repairing the Shish Mahal ceiling, redefining the core and buffer zones and preparing a comprehensive management plan for the conservation of the property;

7. Requests the State Party, in the meantime, to (a) examine the strengths and weaknesses of the existing legal management provisions, and (b) identify areas for harmonizing lacunas or overlaps in jurisdiction of the area immediately surrounding the Shalamar Gardens;

8. Requests the UNESCO Secretariat to continue efforts to mobilize international support to implement the corrective measures;

9. Requests the State Party to submit a progress report by 1 February 2004 to the World Heritage Centre for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 28th session in 2004;

10. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 27 COM 8B.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-03/27.COM/7A),;

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: