State of Conservation (SOC)
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (2001)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:121,000USD
|2000||Rescue programme for Fort and Shalamar Gardens, Lahore||50,000 USD|
|1999||Archaeological, soil and design research and the preparation of a ...||10,000 USD|
|1999||Signage on-site at the Fort and Shalimar Gardens of Lahore ...||5,000 USD|
|1981||Emergency restoration work at Lahore Fort||44,000 USD|
|1981||Emergency restoration work at Shalimar Gardens||12,000 USD|
October 1999: World Heritage Centre mission; September 2000: joint UNESCO/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission ; April 2001: joint mission World Heritage Centre / Ville de Strasbourg
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Demolition of the 375-year old essential hydraulic works of the Shalamar Gardens to enlarge a road
Current conservation issues
Lack of a comprehensive management strategy and plan, urban encroachment and ad-hoc public works; Need for enhancing the capacity of the site management authorities in conservation techniques, project elaboration, and site presentation.
· The Department of Archaeology informed the Centre that it was elaborating the updated work plan for the use of the US$ 10,000 Technical Co-operation funds approved by the Bureau in July 2000. This activity will co-finance the archaeological, soil and design research and subsequently, the preparation of a planting plan for the Shalamar Gardens;
· The Centre and the Government of Pakistan formulated a plan of action to develop a comprehensive management plan for the Shalamar Gardens with the US$ 50,000 Emergency Assistance approved under the 2001 budget. This plan of action was being processed for submission to the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee for final approval at the time of the preparation of this working document;
· Following the mission undertaken by experts of the City of Strasbourg (France) and the Deputy Director of the World Heritage Centre in April 2001, a proposal for submission to the European Union Asia-Urbs Programme and to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs was drafted for enhancing the management and development of the immediate vicinity of the Shalamar Gardens within Lahore Metropolitan City. This draft proposal was being completed at the time of the preparation of this working document.
· In October 2001, the national authorities submitted information concerning the costs for the 15 project proposals drafted in close co-operation with a UNESCO conservation expert. These proposals for the rehabilitation of the Shalamar Gardens, once finalized, will be proposed to potential private sector or bilateral donors.
Link to the decision
VIII.69 The Committee examined the report on the state of conservation of the Fort and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore. The Committee was informed that the Director- General of the Department of Archaeology had informed the Centre on 3 December 2001 that all efforts were being made to implement the recommendations of the Committee, Bureau and UNESCO international expert missions to address the conservation and management issues facing the property. In particular, the Department of Archaeology was continuing its discussion with the Lahore Development Co-operation and the Lahore Commissioner to clarify the land-ownership of the area where the demolished 375-year old hydraulic works were located.
VIII.70 The Observer of Pakistan, assuring the Committee of her Government's continued commitment to the World Heritage Convention, expressed her Government's appreciation for the support of the World Heritage Committee and the Centre in enhancing the management of the site. She stated that the annual plan for 2002 had been recently adopted by the authorities which specifically addresses the recommendations of the Committee, Bureau and UNESCO expert missions organized to respond to the conservation and management needs of this site. Concerning the 375-year old hydraulic works that were partially demolished in 1999, the Observer informed the Committee that conservation and restoration work was being planned.
VIII.71 With reference to Article 5a of the Convention which calls for heritage conservation activities to be integrated within the overall comprehensive planning process for heritage areas, the Observer of Pakistan underscored the importance for the Committee to take into due consideration the conservation needs within the context of sustainable development, especially in highly populated urban areas such as Lahore.
VIII.72 The Committee welcomed the positive actions taken and being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre for the rehabilitation of the Shalamar Gardens and in elaborating a comprehensive management plan for the site. The Committee requested the State Party and the Centre to continue its close co-operation to ensure that an integrated conservation, management and development plan be elaborated, adopted and implemented as soon as possible. The Committee requested the State Party and the Centre to report on the progress made in removing the threats facing the site for examination by the Committee at its twenty-sixth session.
TheCommittee may wish to adopt the following:
“The Committeewelcomes the positive actions taken and being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre for the rehabilitation of the Shalamar Gardens and for elaborating a comprehensive management plan for the site. The Committeerequests the State Party and the Centre to continue its close co-operation in order to ensure that an integrated conservation, management and development plan will be elaborated, adopted and implemented as soon as possible. The Committeerequests the State Party and the Centre to report on the progress made in removing the threats facing the site for examination by the Committee at its twenty-sixth session.”
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 2000 -2012
Threats to the Site:
Tanks built 375 years ago to supply water to the Garden's fountains were destroyed in June 1999 to widen the road which borders the gardens on their south side. The perimeter walls of the Garden are also deteriorating. In view of the damage observed and the threat facing the site, the Committee decided to inscribe it on the List of World Heritage in Danger, in response to a request from the Pakistani government that the international community take action to safeguard the site.
In its letter requesting the action, the Government of Pakistan expressed its appreciation for continued assistance from the World Heritage Committee and the World Heritage Centre for the conservation and development of the Shalamar Gardens. By nominating the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger, the State Party expressed its hope to increase public awareness both nationally and internationally on the importance of preserving this Moghul exemplary site of World Heritage of value, which continues to be a living cultural heritage site.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).