State of Conservation (SOC)
Group of Monuments at Hampi (2001)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:17,370USD
|2001|| Study trip of Indian site management authorities of Hampi W H ...
Reapproval: 09 Apr, 2002 (n°1522 - 17,370 USD)
February 2000: joint UNESCO/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; October 2001: UNESCO International Planning Expert mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of two suspension bridges
- Major increase in heavy goods traffic
- Dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument
- Serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations
Current conservation issues
Lack of a comprehensive management approach and plan. Lack of co-ordinating authority. Rural development pressure and ad-hoc public works.
· Following the recommendation of the UNESCO-Archaeological Survey of India National Workshop for Management of Indian World Cultural Heritage (22-24 October 2000) for the establishment of a special administrative body empowered to ensure integrated development and conservation of the whole World Heritage protected areas, the Karnataka State Government informed the World Heritage Centre that the necessary legal steps were being taken for a Hampi Planning Authority to be established. The primary objective of this authority would be to co-ordinate various development and cultural and natural heritage conservation activities within the World Heritage protected areas;
· Karnataka State Government Authorities, and in particular, the Deputy Commissioner of Bellary began the preparation of a comprehensive management plan in November 2000. In October 2001, a UNESCO International Planning Expert undertook a mission to assist the authorities in elaborating this plan. Findings and recommendations of this mission will be presented to the Committee at its twenty-fifth session;
· In September 2001, the World Heritage Centre mobilized extrabudgetary funds from a Swedish Tourism conglomerate, TEMA, amounting to US$ 80,000 for the rehabilitation of one historic building within Hampi into a Heritage House for Enhanced Management of the World Heritage protected areas. This Heritage House will serve as an Interpretation Centre providing free information on the World Heritage values of the site to visitors, legal/administration advice and information to the local community members. This TEMA contribution will also be utilized for the organization of a Stakeholders’ Workshop as well as the production and dissemination of information brochures concerning the site and the Project;
· The State Government of Karnataka informed the Centre that resettlement of approximately 300 illegal encroachers within Hampi site had been organized between January and July 2001. In particular, violations within historic monuments or their immediate vicinity had been corrected. The Centre was informed that the remaining illegal encroachment within the World Heritage protected areas are being addressed with State funding;
· In July 2001, the Indian Authorities submitted a training assistance request for co-funding a Study Tour to the United Kingdom for the regional and national site-managers of Hampi to share site-management experiences with English Heritage; and
· Following the request of the Bureau at its twenty-fifth session, the World Heritage Centre expects to receive further updated information concerning the (a) relocation of the two intrusive bridges, (b) implementation of the 4-point recommendations for corrective measures, and (c) preparation of the comprehensive management plan, for the examination by the Committee at its twenty-fifth session.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
VIII.64 The Committee examined the report on the state of conservation of the Group of Monuments at Hampi. The Committee was informed that the Centre organized a mission by an international rural planner in close cooperation with the national and state government authorities responsible for the conservation and management of this large site. The expert mission assisted the authorities concerned to elaborate and carry out an impact assessment study related to the two bridges partially constructed within the site and to examine the feasibility and alternative sites for relocating these bridges. The Committee was informed that the Centre had received information concerning the progress being made in establishing a Hampi Management and Development Authority to co-ordinate, in a comprehensive manner, all conservation and development activities within the core World Heritage protected areas of Hampi.
VIII.65 The Delegate of India confirmed that necessary steps were being taken by the concerned authorities to establish the Hampi Management and Development Authority and to implement the recommendations of the UNESCO international expert. He informed the Committee that the report on the progress made would be submitted in time for examination by the Committee at its twenty-sixth session.
VIII.66 The Committee welcomed the positive actions taken and being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre to elaborate a comprehensive management plan for the site. The Committee congratulated the State Government of Karnataka and the Deputy Commissioner of Bellary for taking the necessary actions in removing a large number of illegal encroachments from within the World Heritage protected areas. The Committee requested the State Party and the Centre to continue its close cooperation in order to complete the needs assessment and feasibility studies as a matter of urgency, in order to ensure that an integrated conservation and development management plan be elaborated, adopted and implemented as soon as possible. The Committee requested the State Party and the Centre to report on the progress made in removing the threats to the site for examination by the Committee at its twenty-sixth session.
TheCommittee may wish to examine any additional information at the time of its twenty-fifth session, and adopt the following:
“The Committee welcomes the positive actions taken and being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre to elaborate a comprehensive management plan for the site. The Committee congratulates the State Government of Karnataka and the Deputy Commissioner of Bellary for taking the necessary actions in removing a large number of illegal encroachments from within the World Heritage protected areas. The Committee requests the State Party and the Centre to continue its close co-operation in order to complete the needs assessment and feasibility studies as a matter of urgency, in order to ensure that an integrated conservation and development management plan be elaborated, adopted and implemented as soon as possible. The Committee requests the State Party and the Centre to report on the progress made in removing the threats to the site for examination by the Committee at its twenty-sixth session.”
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2013 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1999 -2006
Threats to the Site:
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).