1.         Doñana National Park (Spain) (N 685bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1994

Criteria  (vii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/685/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/685/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Toxic flow from a mine holding pool

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/685/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2000

Previous deliberations:
Twenty-third session of the Committee – paragraph X.26.
Twenty-third ordinary session of the Bureau – paragraph IV.39.

New information: IUCN has received a copy of a report (January, 2000) from the Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) which notes an improved situation since the start of clean up operations in relation to pollution of air, soil and water. It is noted that clean up operations in affected areas of the Guadiamar Basin, and efforts associated with the Green Corridor project, have continued. IUCN notes, however, that thousands of tons of mining sludge are still widely distributed in the area and enter slowly into the trophic chain, affecting plants, invertebrates, fish and water birds. IUCN also reiterates the following concerns:

Action Required

The Bureau notes the continuing efforts of the State Party to clean up the area, which indicate a gradual recovery of the Guadiamar River Basin. The Bureau urges the State Party to accelerate implementation of the Doñana 2005 restoration project and implement the review meeting as requested by the last session of the World Heritage Committee and to inform the Centre by 15 September 2000 on tentative dates and a programme for the review meeting.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2000

IUCN has received a WWF report on the conservation of the Doñana World Heritage site and the implementation of the Doñana 2005 Restoration Project dated September 2000. The report notes that the major concern for the conservation of the Doñana World Heritage site still relates to the mining disaster from 1998 and its consequences. The regional authority – Junta de Andalucía – has made significant efforts since 1998 to clean the polluted area and restore the river basin, covering more than 60 km, to a dynamic ecosystem and a regional “Green Corridor” that supports mammal migrations. Although major cleaning operations have been carried out by the authorities and the mining company, the pollution will have long-term effects in the area and requires an adaptation of management schemes. The mining activities are still of major concern, and it is important that Boliden-Apirsa develops projects for the decommissioning of the old tailings dam and the enlargement of the mine, including a higher storing capacity of mining waste in the old open mining pit. In a recent meeting in September 2000, the mining company expressed to WWF their commitment to long-term environmental restoration of the area and during a field trip, relevant activities carried out by the company aimed at environmental protection were observed. However, WWF notes that better follow-up actions should be taken now and that in due course an international expert meeting should be held to evaluate the situation of the mining site in order to develop proposals for the future. A meeting on the 12 September, 2000, between WWF and the national and regional authorities concluded with commitments from the authorities to:

·         Establish an Executive Commission for co-ordination between the national and regional authorities;

·         Establish a joint research committee for the Doñana 2005 and the Green Corridor projects;

·         Develop a proposal for the delimitation of the public riverine domain in all Doñana watersheds by the Guadalquivir Water Authority before end of October 2000; and

·         Develop a report on the water quality and water treatment systems in the Doñana watershed by the Guadalquivir Water Authority before end of October 2000.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 24 BUR IV.B.39

IUCN noted some improvements to the situation at the site, but had concerns about: (a) measures to ensure that toxic wastes, to be dumped into the old mine pit will not percolate into the surrounding aquifer; (b) the need for co-ordinating measures between various stakeholders including state and regional authorities. Such co-ordination is essential to address broader regional land issues and their impact on the site.

The Bureau noted the continuing efforts of the State Party to clean up the area, which indicate a gradual recovery of the Guadiamar River Basin. The Bureau urged the State Party to accelerate implementation of the Doñana 2005 restoration project and implement the review meeting as requested by the last session of the World Heritage Committee and to inform the Centre by 15 September 2000 on tentative dates and a programme for the review meeting.

 

 

Decision Adopted: 24 COM VIII.iii

 State of conservation reports of natural properties noted by the Committee

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Gros Morne National Park (Canada)

Canadian Rocky Mountains Parks (Canada)

Comoe National Park (Côte d'Ivoire)

Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)

Komodo National Park (Indonesia)

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Te Wahipounamu - South West New Zealand (New Zealand)

Arabian Oryx Sanctuary (Oman)

Huascarán National Park (Peru)

Danube Delta (Romania)

Lake Baikal (Russian Federation)

Niokolo-Koba National Park (Senegal)

Doñana National Park (Spain)

Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Sri Lanka)

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest (Uganda)

Gough Island (United Kingdom)

Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Serengeti National Park (United Republic of Tanzania)

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Mosi-oa-Tunya/Victoria Falls (Zambia/Zimbabwe)