State of Conservation (SOC)
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (2000)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:229,607USD
|2000||Lutte contre le Salvinia molesta dans le delta du fleuve du ...||130,475 USD|
|1998||2nd International Conference on Wetlands and Development, ...||20,000 USD|
|1992||Purchase of redwood and other materials for repairing sluice ...||10,000 USD|
|1988||Financial contribution to repair sluices in Djoudj National Park||20,000 USD|
|1982||Equipment for biological research and surveillance at Djoudj ...||29,132 USD|
|1980||Joint mission to draw up a plan of protection for Djoudj National ...||20,000 USD|
September 2000: joint World Heritage Centre / IUCN / Ramsar mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Construction of a dam (issue resolved)
Current conservation issues
A joint expert mission by the Centre, IUCN and the Ramsar Bureau was undertaken from 14 – 22 September 2000. The report of the mission calls for urgent financial assistance to deal with salvinia at key points around the Park where defences are likely to burst under the build up of the plant. The Centre received a letter dated 18 August 2000 from the Director of Senegal National Parks in which he expresses great concern over the severe invasion of Salvinia molesta reported by IUCN to the June 2000 Bureau, which has so far invaded over 15,000 hectares of the Park and spread up to 70 kilometres on the Delta. The Director reported that so far the State Party has been dependent on hand clearing of the species, with a lot of difficulties as the species spreads very quickly. Attempt was made in June this year to use biological control methods by releasing plant-eating beetles provided by South Africa, but this has proven to be inadequate since the site requires large quantities of insects and also there is the lack of technical knowhow in biological control. IUCN reports that this invasive species has now crossed over the Senegal River and has invaded the Diawling National Park of Mauritania. IUCN also notes that its Species Survival Commission has prepared guidelines for Invasive Species to be available at the 2000 World Heritage Committee meeting. Some financial support has been provided by the Senegalese Minister for Tourism, the Republic of China, and the Netherlands through the offices of IUCN and Ramsar. The State Party will co-operate with the Centre to submit an Emergency Assistance request from the financial plan elaborated by the mission for consideration by the twenty-fourth extraordinary session of the Bureau. In view of the imminent danger facing the site, the Director of Senegal National Parks has requested that the site be inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Link to the decision
VIII.22 Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal)
The Committee noted the results of the joint expert mission by the Centre, IUCN and the Ramsar Bureau undertaken from 14 - 22 September 2000, which was examined by the Bureau. The report of the mission called for urgent financial assistance to deal with the introduced species Salvinia molesta. In view of the imminent danger facing the site, the Director of Senegal National Parks had requested that the site be inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger. IUCN highlighted the seriousness of the threat to both the environment and the economy of the region, and the difficulty of controlling the introduced species. The Delegate of Benin commented that the site is facing a number of threats as discussed by the Bureau, and that danger listing would be an appropriate step to be taken.
The Committee decided to include the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger, in accordance with the expressed wishes of the State Party. The Committee furthermore called on international donor support.
Link to the decision
X.4 Following the review of the state of conservation reports and at the recommendations of the Bureau, the Committee decided to inscribe the following natural cultural properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:
- Fort and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore (Pakistan)
- Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal)
- Historic City of Zabid (Yemen)
X.5 The Committee did not recommend the deletion of any properties from the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Link to the decision
XIV.2 Requests for International Assistance
The Bureau met during the twenty-fourth session of the Committee after the budget for Technical Assistance for year 2001 under Chapter III was approved, to take decisions or recommend decisions to the Committee concerning international assistance requests. The attention of the Committee and Bureau was drawn to document WHC-2000/CONF.204/17 and 6 requests for decision by the Committee and 14 requests for decision by the Bureau were examined and took the following decisions. All decisions taken by the Bureau and Committee concerning these requests are listed below:
(ii) Technical Co-operation
No. 2001 - 459 Senegal
"Fight against Salvinia molesta in the Delta of the Senegal River at Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary"
Following the recommendation of the Bureau, the Committee approved a sum of US$ 130,475 for implementing phase 1 of the 3-phased mitigation project under the following conditions:
- the States Party pay its dues to the World Heritage Fund;
- the State Party provide a detailed budget breakdown for the sum of US$ 85,715 foreseen as expenditures for clearing the Lake Lamentin that meets the approval of the Centre and IUCN;
- the State Party, Centre and IUCN establish benchmarks and indicators that can determine success of first phase mitigation operations and guide planning of future steps, including any changes in phase 2 and 3 activities as currently foreseen; and
- the State Party, Centre and IUCN develop a plan for financing activities beyond the first phase attracting resources from potential donors other than the World Heritage Fund thereby minimising the demands on the World Heritage Fund for supporting second and third phase operations.
Furthermore, the Committee decided that this sum of US$ 130,475 be allocated from the emergency assistance budget for 2001 rather than from the technical cooperation allocation for natural heritage for the year 2001.
No. 2001-461 Costa Rica
"Education and Protection in the Conservation Area of Guanacaste at the Area de Conservación Guanacaste"
Following the recommendation of the Bureau, the Committee approved US$ 40,000 for this activity for covering expenses for educational (US$ 17,600) and protection (US$ 22,400) activities as proposed by the State Party.
No. 2001-439 Cuba
"Continuation of the Consolidation and Rehabilitation of the Ruinous Third Cloister of Santa Clara's Convent of the Old Havana and its Fortifications site"
Taking into account the previous contribution to the renovation of the building of US$ 30,000, the Committee approved a contribution of US$ 35,000 subject to the State Party paying its dues to the Fund, following the recommendation of the Bureau.
No. 2001-446 Dominican Republic
"Study on Cultural Tourism in the Historic Centre of Santo Domingo"
The Bureau approved US$ 24,207 for this activity subject to the State Party paying its dues to the Fund and requesting the State Party to bear the costs of the secretarial costs.
The Bureau may wish to adopt the following decision and transmit it to the Committee for action:
“The Bureau recommends the Committee to consider the site to be inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger, in accordance with the wishes of the State Party.”
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2011 2009 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2001 2000 1992 1991 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 2000 -2006
Threats to the Site:
The sanctuary is threatened by an aquatic fern, Salvinia molesta, which proliferates across the river and invades neighboring Mauritania Diawling park. An attempt biological control - by introducing beetles eating plants supplied by South Africa - has not yielded the expected results.
The national authorities are in favor of registration to facilitate their task and to appeal to donors.Year: 1984 -1988
Threats to the Site:
The Committee was informed by IUCN that the immediate threat posed by the earthen dam upstream from this property had been removed since the recent rains had been sufficiently abundant to wash this temporary dam away. However, the longer term threat posed by the dam to be constructed down-stream still remained and still,seriously jeopardised the future of this site.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).