State of Conservation (SOC)
Simien National Park (2000)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:233,171USD
|1996||Technical workshop on the conservation of Simien National Park||30,000 USD|
|1991||Reconstruction of infrastructure and purchase of equipment for ...||50,000 USD|
|1987||Contribution to the publication costs of the management plan for ...||3,500 USD|
|1982||Expert service and financial contribution for a seminar/workshop ...||21,000 USD|
|1982||In situ training of wardens of Simien National Park||9,691 USD|
|1981||Equipment for Simien National Park||113,450 USD|
|1979||Joint mission to prepare a technical cooperation request for ...||5,530 USD|
|1978||Simien: request for equipment and specialists services||0 USD|
November 1996: technical mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Presence of armed groups
- Loss of biodiversity
- Encroachment at the borders of the site
- Road construction
Current conservation issues
The Director of the Centre via a letter dated 28 August 2000 informed the Permanent Delegate of Ethiopia that the Chairperson and he were unable to undertake a mission to Ethiopia before the twenty-fourth session of the Committee due to severe time constraints. However, the Head of the Regional Bureau of Agriculture responsible for the management of this site is due to make a presentation at the Centre/IUCN workshop on the "Role of World Heritage in Danger Listing in Promoting International Co-operation for the Conservation of World Natural Heritage", in Amman, Jordan, during 6-7 October 2000. Centre and IUCN staff will discuss all issues pertaining to the conservation of this site, including the need for a potential mission to the site by the Chairperson and the Director of the Centre in early 2001, and report on their findings at the time of the twenty-fourth session of the Committee.
Link to the decision
VIII.8 Simien National Park (Ethiopia)
The Committee was informed that the Director of the Department of Agriculture from the Amhara Region, which is directly responsible for the management of this site, participated in the Amman Workshop. In his presentation, the Director had pointed out several improvements in the state of conservation of the site and expressed his disagreement with the 1996 consultant mission findings that led to the Committee to include Simien in the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Permanent Delegate of Ethiopia, by letter of 16 October 2000 to the Director of the Centre, has confirmed agreement of the Amhara Regional authorities to receive a new and high-level consultant mission that may view and discuss the many efforts of the Regional Government to rehabilitate the Park. Such efforts including: (a) increases in budget and staff deployment; (b) favourable outcome of discussions with local communities; (c) steering committee for rehabilitation and development; (d) a 5-year plan for execution; (e) strengthened co-operation with donors; and (e) increased numbers of key species such as ibexes and red foxes. In the same letter, the Permanent Delegate also informed the Centre that the Amhara Regional Government is intending to propose a realignment of a road expected to run through the Park, resettle farmers currently resident inside the Park and enlarge the Park and redefine boundaries to excise areas occupied by villagers
The Committee requested the Centre and IUCN to cooperate with the State Party and the Amhara Region to field a site visit to Simien National Park in order to prepare a report for the next session of the Committee, including observations and comments on existing plans for rehabilitation and changes and modifications to such plans that may be needed. In preparing such a report, the Centre and IUCN may also wish to discuss indicators and benchmarks that may be described and be useful in determining when the site could be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee retained the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to review new information that may be available at the time of its session and take necessary decisions and recommend appropriate actions for the consideration of the State Party, advisory bodies and the Centre.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Loss of biodiversity
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1996
Threats to the Site:
The World Heritage Committee decided to inscribe the Simien National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger due to evidence of recent deterioration of the population of the Walia ibex, which have moved out of the park due to human presence and to cultivation of considerable areas of the Park. Other large mammals characteristic of the site, such as the bushbuck and the bushpig have become extremely rare.
Road construction and human population increase within the site represent further threats to the values of the Park, which was one of the first sites to be inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1978.
The decision to inscribe this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger had however, not met the approval of the regional authorities in Bahir Dar, where the site is located. Efforts are thus being made by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of Ethiopia and the UNESCO Office in Addis Ababa to provide more information to the regional authorities on the meaning and implications of the Committee's decision and encourage them to view it in a positive light.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).