Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1979
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger 2001-present
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Adopted, See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279 paragraph 4.
Corrective measures identified
Identified, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279
Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measuresAdopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 7,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
2002: Expert mission; 2005: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; December 2009: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission.
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Rise in the water table;
b) Impact on structures due to earth trembling and other forms of damage likely to result from the use of heavy earth-moving equipment;
c) Lack of conservation plan, defining short-, medium-, and long-term objectives and establishing technical parameters (materials, techniques, etc);
d) Need for a Management Plan, to include research, presentation and interpretation, the role of stakeholders (e.g. the Mar Mena community), staffing, sponsorship, visitor facilities, access, etc.
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2012
The State Party did not submit a state of conservation report which was requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th and 35th sessions. Due to the prevailing situation in the country, no official information has been received on the state of conservation of the property or on the progress made in the implementation of the corrective measures that have been identified for the property. Prior factors that remain to be addressed include the completion of the condition survey to prescribe measures for a holistic conservation plan that would include proposals for intervention, monitoring and maintenance, the finalisation and implementation of the Management Plan, the definition of the buffer zone and the establishment and enforcement of regulatory measures to ensure the effective protection of the property.
Nevertheless, the State Party submitted a retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value which is currently being reviewed.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies would like to underscore the importance of the continuity of implementing measures to address the threats that warranted the inscription of the property in the List of World Heritage in Danger and consider that, in light of the existing situation, additional assistance will be required to ensure a greater level of support at the international and national level to continue with the implementation of the identified corrective measures. They also reiterate the need for the State Party to submit the details of the proposed interventions that would entail extensive reconstructions, for evaluation prior to their implementation, given the potential negative impact they could have on the conditions of authenticity and integrity of the property.
Decision Adopted: 36 COM 7A.20
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add,
2. Recalling Decision 35 COM 7A.19, adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),
3. Regrets that the State Party did not submit a report as requested and expresses its concern about the lack of information on the state of conservation of the property;
4. Urges the State Party to take all necessary steps to implement the corrective measures adopted at its 31st session in 2007;
5. Requests the State Party to submit a revised timeframe, previously announced for 2010, to complete the corrective measures so as to attain the Desired State of conservation of the property adopted at its 31st session in 2007;
6. Reiterates its request to the State Party to identify a buffer zone surrounding the property, together with regulatory measures for protection and to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 December 2012 the relevant information and map for consideration by the World Heritage Committee at its 37th session in 2013;
7. Also requests the State Party to submit, in accordance to Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the technical specifications for proposed interventions projects, for review prior to implementation;
8. Reiterates its invitation to the State Party to submit a request for International Assistance to the World Heritage Fund to support the preparation of the requested conservation and Management Plans and to provide a basis for shaping and articulating priority needs;
9. Further requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to assess the state of conservation of the property prior to the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee;
10. Requests finally the State Party to submit, by 1 February 2013, a detailed progress report on the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 37th session in 2013;
11. Decides to retain Abu Mena (Egypt) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 36 COM 8C.2
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-12/36.COM/7A and WHC-12/36.COM/7A.Add),
2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: