1.         Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region (Albania,North Macedonia) (C/N 99quater)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)(vii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/99/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1986-1986)
Total amount approved: USD 20,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/99/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

September 1998: joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS /IUCN mission 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/99/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1998

A joint UNESCO-ICOMOS-IUCN monitoring mission was carried out from 6 to 11 September 1998 for the first time since the inscription of the site on the World Heritage List in 1979. The mission included an on-site visit and meetings with representatives of the national authorities in Skopje. A high awareness for the need of specific conservation and protection measures at Ohrid exists in the country. However, the site is large in extension, situated in a densely populated and economically prosperous area and bordering an international lake. Several factors, such as traffic, tourism, rural exodus, are threatening the site. These threats can only be reduced through an integrated approach of protection measures linking the natural and cultural heritage. Special attention should be paid to effective legal and operational instruments for town- and regional planning.

The report of the mission was not available at the time of preparation of this document. The main conclusions and recommendations will be presented to the Bureau during its session.

Action Required

Decision required:
The Bureau may wish to examine information that will be made available at the time of its session and take appropriate action thereupon.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1998

A joint UNESCO-ICOMOS-IUCN monitoring mission was carried out in September 1998 for the first time since the inscription of the site on the World Heritage List in 1979.

The mission report draws particular attention to the fact that at the time of inscription of this mixed property on the List, the well preserved old towns of and Struga were set in an almost untouched natural environment on the shores of the Lake. As to cultural heritage, only specifically listed monuments are inscribed on the World Heritage List. These monuments are very well preserved. The natural heritage includes part of the Lake which is territory of the country (and excludes the part on the territory of Albania) and part of the Galicia National Park. Now, the enormous increase in constructions and settlement activities has seriously altered the original balance in the region: for example, the town of Struga has incorporated ten new sub-communities.

The mission observed that the authorities undertake great efforts for the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of the site. However, economic and demographic developments pose threats to the values of the site that can only be addressed through an integrated approach and protective measures that link the cultural and the natural heritage preservation.

The mission report includes a set of recommendations calling for a special legal framework for the World Heritage site (integrating culture and nature), the strengthening of the management, the preparation of Spatial Plan for the area and the towns, and the extension of the site to include the whole of the Galicia National Park.

The Bureau took note of the report of the joint UNESCO-IUCN-ICOMOS mission to the mixed World Heritage site of the Ohrid Region with its Cultural and Historical Aspect and its Natural Environment (Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of). It commended the Government of the country for the efforts taken for the preservation of the monuments and environment of the Ohrid Region. It recommended the Government to consider the recommendations of the mission carefully, particularly with regard to integrated planning and legal protection of the natural and cultural heritage. It also requested the authorities to review the definition of the cultural heritage, to define and propose revised boundaries, if appropriate, and to establish adequate buffer zones. It requested the Government to provide a response to the report by 15 April 1999, for consideration by the Bureau at its twenty-third session.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies

N/A

Decision Adopted: 22 COM VII.30

VII.30 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau as reflected in the Report of the Bureau session (Working Document WHC-98/CONF.203/5) and included in Annex IV on the following properties:

Tasmanian Wilderness (Australia)

Mount Taishan (China, Peoples Republic of)

Mount Huangshan (China, People's Republic of)

Ohrid Region with its Cultural and Historical Aspect and its Natural Environment (Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of)

Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) (Mali)

Tongariro National Park (New Zealand).