1.         Khami Ruins National Monument (Zimbabwe) (C 365)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/365/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1987)
Total amount approved: USD 25,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/365/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/365/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

The Khami National Monument is Zimbabwe's second largest stone-built settlement. Since its inscription in November 1986 not much data has been collected on the, site. Four custodians ensure the maintenance work of Khami; they monitor the wall movements, police the site against vandalism, check and maintain the fence, man the visitor centre and provide guide services to visitors. Their number is inadequate. A strategic Action Plan for the conservation and management of Khami is being formulated.

The conservation treatment projects will involve mostly structural stabilization, and repair of collapsed sections of walls. It is hoped that when properly implemented, these projects will enhance and maintain the architectural, cultural and historical values as well as the authenticity and integrity of Khami. The sources of finance are very inadequate, hence conservation problems.

The site is threatened by development projects taking place in Bulawayo and which are leading to increased negative pressures on the site. Ten year from now Bulawayo's built-up area and infrastructural developments will inevitably engulf Khami.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Bureau may wish to adopt the following text and transmit it to the Committee for noting:

"The Bureau takes note of the information provided by the National Museums and Monuments and encourages the Zimbabwe authorities to pursue their efforts for a better conservation of this site by allocating adequate resources, and transferring the expertise acquired at the site of Great Zimbabwe."

Decision Adopted: 20 COM VII.D.57

VII.57 Khami (Zimbabwe)

The Secretariat informed the Committee that the National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe had reported that a Strategic Action Plan for the conservation and management of Khami is being formulated. However, resources for maintenance work and surveillance are inadequate.

The Committee noted the information provided by the National Museums and Monuments concerning the threats of the development project in the vicinity which are leading to increased negative pressure on the si te. It encouraged the Zimbabwe authorities to pursue their efforts for better conservation of this si te by allocating adequate resources, and transferring the expertise acquired at the site of Great Zimbabwe.