1.         Aksum (Ethiopia) (C 15)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1996-1996)
Total amount approved: USD 2,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

At scientific level, since 1993, a five-year archaeological programme mobilizes annually a team of more than one hundred persons under the leadership of Dr. David W. Phillipson (University of Cambridge).

The persons responsible for this site are to be congratulated on its presentation, management and conservation. In addition, a master plan for the development of the city is being prepared in order to protect the surroundings of the major sites, prevent new constructions, and supervise certain areas of the city where important discoveries are expected in the near future. It is necessary to strengthen the role of the site manager:

- by providing him with documentation on the site and its restoration;

- by giving him the means to publish brochures presenting the site and its different monuments; and

- by upgrading the equipment available (cameras and measuring equipment, transportation) and provide him with the means to intervene rapidly in the event of new discoveries in the city and to make a more systematic survey of the numerous sites in Axum and its surroundings.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Bureau may wish to adopt the following recommendation and request the Committee to take note:

"The Bureau warmly thanks the Ethiopian authorities for all their efforts and the measures already taken to ensure the preservation and enhancement of this site. It asks the Centre for Research and Conservation of the Cultural Heritage (CRCCH) to continue its efforts and to ensure that the scientific documentation at the site be made available to the site manager. It reiterates that the compilation of this documentation is a prerequisite for the preparation of the management and conservation plans, and that UNESCO is always ready to provide, where necessary, assistance in obtaining documents that are not available in Ethiopia."

Decision Adopted: 20 EXT.BUR A.1.3

CULTURAL HERITAGE

A.1 TECHNICAL CO-OPERATION

A.1.3 Lalibela; Fasil Ghebi; Lower Valley of the Awash; Tiya; Aksum and Valley of of the Omo (Ethiopia) (US$ 27,500 requested)

Considering the quality and the well-chosen small-scale activities which are already partly funded by the Centre for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (CRCCH) , and in order to backstop the remarkable achievements and commitments of CRCCH to conservation,

the Bureau approved an amount of US$ 27,500. Support from the World Heritage Fund will permit the funding of international experts to examine the studies and restoration programmes for Lalibela, to improve the presentation of Tiya and organize an in-situ training course in Gondar.
 

 

Decision Adopted: 20 COM VII.D.62

VII.62 Aksum (Ethiopia)

The Bureau at its twentieth extraordinary session took note of the report provided by the Secretariat that the site management should be strengthened by providing and collecting scientific documentation at the site level as the basis for management and conservation planning, particularly in view of the master plan that is being prepared.

The Bureau warmly thanked the Ethiopian authorities for all their efforts and the measures already taken to ensure the preservation and enhancement of this site. It asked the Centre for Research and Conservation of the Cultural Heritage (CRCCH) to continue its efforts and to ensure that the scientific documentation at the site be made available to the site manager. It reiterated that the compilation of this documentation is a prerequisite for the preparation of the management and conservation plans, and that UNESCO is always ready to provide, where necessary, assistance in obtaining documents that are not available in Ethiopia.