1.         Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (Russian Federation) (C 545)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1990

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/545/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/545/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/545/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

The Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of the Russian Federation to UNESCO informed the Director-General of UNESCO of a project concerning the possible erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zoukhov in Red Square. If this is acceptable, given the obligations of the States Parties, as defined in the 1972 Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. In the absence of any documents concerning the project, it was difficult to assess whether or not the integrity of the site would be respected. The Director-General underlined that the responsibility for protecting a cultural property lies with the State Party concerned, which should conserve it and avoid taking any measures that would damage it.

It was suggested that the Russian authorities forward all available information to the World Heritage Centre which, in turn, will consult its relevant advisory body, ICOMOS.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Committee may wish to express concern about the erection or destruction of any structure which would be a threat to the integrity of the site.

Decision Adopted: 18 COM IX

Kremlin and Red Square (Russian Federation)

The Committee was informed that the Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of the Russian Federation to UNESCO informed the Director-General of UNESCO of a project concerning the possible erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zoukhov on the Red Square. The Director-General, in a letter to the mayor of Moscow dated 2 December 1994, underlined that the responsibility for protecting a cultural property lies with the state Party concerned, which should conserve it and avoid taking any measures that would damage it. The Director-General suggested in his letter that another appropriate location be sought for the monument and requested that UNESCO be consulted prior to undertaking any proposed work on the Red Square and the Kremlin. The Committee fully endorsed this position and requested to be kept informed on any development in this World Heritage site.