1.         Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia) (C 95bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1991-1998

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/95/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1985-1994)
Total amount approved: USD 129,010
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/95/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/95/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

This World Heritage site was placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1991 and has since then received numerous UNESCO missions, with a view to help in the ongoing restoration process and the monitoring of the work underway.

It is recalled that immediately after the bombing of the city in December 1991, the Director-General announced the donation of a large number of tiles for the damaged roofs in the Old City. The donation, worth some US$ 200,000 and covering some 10-15% of the needs, has helped to restore what is called the fifth façade of the city - its rooftops. This process is almost completed and there remain but a few insulae awaiting repairs.

A major project where UNESCO's involvement has been paramount is the publication of the Plan of Action document which gives an overview of the damages in the Old City and approximate costs of restoration works. Some of these works have been undertaken during the last two years, and important objects and works of art have been restored, such as the dome of the communal clock-tower, the dome of the small Sigurata Church, or the decorative medallion on the front of the Saint Blasius Church on the main street, the well in the ancient convent of the Clarissae, etc. Most of these activities were undertaken thanks to donations of private citizens or national and international institutions. The medallion of the Saint Blasius Church is the work, and gift, of French stonemasons from the restoration enterprise Quelin. The well has been restored by Polish craftsmen working for the PKZ.

Recently, an American foundation offered the money needed to repave the main street of the Old City - Straduk. Various donors have helped to equip with modern technology the new restoration laboratory housed in the Franciscan monastery.

The whole process is being operated and monitored by the Regional Institute for the Protection of Monuments and the Institute for Restoration of Dubrovnik, with the help of national authorities. A Parliamentary Committee charged to analyze the overall process of rehabilitation in the city and the region has been formed two years ago. On the other hand, the Expert Committee on Restoration is composed of national experts in restoration, who, together with a number of international experts selected and partly financed through UNESCO, establish criteria for restoration works in the Old City. Sessions of this Committee take place at least twice a year.

After the priority needs have been taken care of (such as the roof tiles), other works such as the restoration of nine destroyed palaces and details of Franciscan and Dominican cloisters need to be undertaken. For further details on the proposed projects refer to the request for technical assistance presented in document WHC-94/CONF.003/8.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

It is recommended that this site be retained on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee may wish to commend the Government of Croatia and UNESCO on the progress made in the conservation and restoration of Dubrovnik. It may also wish to approve the request for technical assistance which is presented to the Committee in working document WHC-94/CONF.003/8 which would assist the Croatian authorities to solve some of the most urgent needs.

Decision Adopted: 18 COM IX

Dubrovnik (Croatia)

The Committee was informed that the restoration of what is called the fifth facade of the city -the roofs- was almost completed and that there remained but a few insulae awaiting repairs, and that important progress had been made in the restoration of several of the most important monuments of the city.

The Committee commended the Government of Croatia and UNESCO on the progress made in the conservation and restoration of Dubrovnik. It noted, however, that after the priority needs had been taken care of, other works such as the restoration of nine destroyed palaces and details of Franciscan and Dominican cloisters needed to be undertaken. The Committee decided, therefore, to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

 

Decision Adopted: 18 BUR IX.2.B.1

Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda (Brazil) - US$19,000: for a tourist study which would form part of the Urban Development Plan.

Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo Monastery and Monastery of Rila (Bulgaria) - US$21,000: of which US$16,000 will be earmarked for the purchase of equipment and US$5,000 for advisory services on the nature of conservation measure to be undertaken.

Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia) - US$8,000: for the restoration of mural paintings in the 18th century Baroque Festival Palace, which was severely damaged in 1991. ICCROM will supervise the project in collaboration with the Croatian Institute for Restoration. However, Croatia should first pay its outstanding dues to the World Heritage Fund.

Joya de Ceren (El Salvador) - US$25,000: to define an integral development for the site of Joya de Ceren in the context of a wider area of archaeological imporance (including sites such as would be representatives of all national institutions involved, with a limited number of external experts).

Antigua Guatemala (Guatemala) - US$20,000: for the purchase of equipment.

National History Park Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (Haiti) - US$17,510: for the purchase of exhibition panels, climate control equipment and other allied costs.

Given the international embargo and the socio-economic situation, the UNDP Resident Representative in Haiti is requested to cooperate in the implementation and supervision of this assistance.

Authenticity Conference (Japan) - US$30,000: to cover the travel costs of participants from Africa and Latin America attending the Conference, which will propose a draft text on the "test of authenticity" to the World Heritage Committee for World Heritage nominations, revising and enlarging the definition of the different aspects and criteria of authenticity as contained in the Operational Guidelines.

Medina of Marrakech, Morocco (Restoration of the Medersa Ben Youssef) - US$30,000: to contribute to the restoration of the monument (rehabilitation, water-proofing, follr coverage, decoration and in particular the sculptured laster and "zellij" tiles as well as the protective mortar).

Historic Zones of Istanbul, Turkey (Restoration of the Mosaics of Hagia-Sophia) - US$30,000: to continue the restoration work of the mosaics of the dome (purchase of materials and equipment and travel per diem and remuneration of restoration experts).

Decision Adopted: 18 EXT.BUR V.B.2.1

1. Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia) - US$50,000

The Bureau recommended the approval of the full requested amount of US50,000 for, inter alia, the purchase of equipment for the documentation centre; expertise for the development of a tourism development plan; promotional and educational material and activities on World Heritage in Dubrovnik.

2. Wielizska Salt Mine (Poland) - US$100,000

The Bureau recommended, after considerable debate, the approval by the Committee of this request for US$100,000 to purchase the dehumidifying equipment required for the preservation of the salt sculptures of this World Heritage Site in Danger.

3. Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) - US$52,000

The Bureau recommended approval by the Committee of the requested US$52,000 for the deployment of a UNESCO international technical advisor for 6 months in view of the serious and urgent need for strengthen measures to redress the present state of conservation of the Kathmandu Valley.

4. The Complex of the Hue Monuments (Vietnam) (Upgrading of the Hue Conservation Laboratory) - US$108,000

The Bureau recommended the approval of the amount of US$108,000 to meet the cost of laboratory equipment purchase (US$72,700) and related short-term training to enable the Hue authorities to have the basic facilities to overcome the present obstacles to conservation. The World Heritage Centre should, however, be consulted on the list of equipment, and approve the detailed specification and cost estimate, as well as the selection of the international experts.

5. Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey) (Restoration of the mosaics of Hagia-Sophia) - US$80,000

The Bureau recommended approval by the Committee of an amount of US$80,000 to complete the final phase of this restoration project.

 

 

Decision Adopted: 18 COM XI

Old City of Dubrovnik (extension)

95

Croatia

C (i) (iii) (iv)

 

Decision Adopted: 18 COM XII.3

The Committee noted that the Bureau in examining the ten technical cooperation requests for cultural properties, two submitted by ICCROM and eight by States Parties, gave priority to activities for properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger and to those having a catalytic affect rather than for the funding of specific restoration works, in accordance with previous decisions taken by the Committee.

Reauests approved by the Bureau:

  1. The Historic Town of Ouro Preto (Brazil) - US$20,000
    The Bureau approved US$20,000 out of the total amount of US$50,000, subject to obtaining assurance that the balance of US$30,000 for the construction of five houses for the relocation of the affected inhabitants is funded by other sources.
  2. ICCROM Technical Assistance - US$25,000
    The Bureau approved this financial support to the ICCROM Technical Assistance Programme to supply institutions of State Parties, free of charge, with basic documentation, scientific and didactic equipment and conservation products.
  3. Printing of Management Guidelines for World Cultural Heritage Sites, by B.M. Feilden and J. Jokilehto - US$6,900
    The Bureau approved this request to support the printing cost of the French-language edition of this publication if other sources, notably of the Fra-ncophone community cannot be identified.

Requests approved by the Committee:

The Committee approved the following requests on the basis of the recommendations of the Bureau:

  1. Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia) - US$50,000
    The Committee approved the full requested amount of US$ 50,000 for, inter alia, the purchase of equipment for the documentation centre; expertise for the development of a tourism development plan; promotional and educational material and activities on World Heritage in Dubrovnik.
  2. Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland) - US$100,000
    The Committee approved this request for US$100,000 to purchase the dehumidifying equipment required for the preservation of the salt sculptures of this World Heritage Site in Danger.
  3. Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) - US$52,000
    The Committee approved the requested US$ 52,000 for the deployment of a UNESCO international technical advisor for 6 months in view of the serious and urgent need for strengthen measures to redress the present state of conservation of the Kathmandu Valley.
  4. The Complex of the Hue Monuments (Vietnam) - US$108,000
    (Upgrading of the Hue Conservation Laboratory)
    The Committee approved the amount of US$108,000 to meet the cost of laboratory equipment purchase (US$ 72,700) and related short-term training to enable the Hue authorities to have the basic facilities to overcome the present obstacles to conservation. The World Heritage Centre should, however, be consulted on the list of equipment, and approve the detailed specification and cost estimate; as well as the selection of the international experts.
  5. Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey) - US$80,000
    (Restoration of the mosaics of Hagia-Sophia)
    The Committee approved an amount of $80,000 to complete the final phase of this restoration project.

Requests not approved by the Committee:

  1. Ngorongoro Conservation Area (United Republic of Tanzania)
    (International Conference on Ngorongoro, in Bellagio, Italy)
    The Committee endorsed the Bureau's view not to approve this request although the value of the proposed international conference in Italy for the Tanzanian conservators is recognized, and in view of the fact that other funding sources are available for this Conference at the Rockefeller Foundation in Italy.
  2. Palmyra (Syrian Arab Republic)
    The Committee did not approve this request for US$90,000 but suggested that the Syrian authorities submit an alternative request to prepare a global and coherent conservation programme for this site in accordance with the recommendations of the UNESCO expert mission which took place in December 1993.