Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1985
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger 1985-present
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/323/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 73,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/323/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
April 1985: UNESCO mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Storm in 1984
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/323/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994
In 1992, ICCROM and the Directorate of Cultural Heritage organized in the framework of the 1990-2000 PREMA Programme and UNESCO's World Decade for Cultural Development, a national training course on preventive conservation involving professionals from museums of Benin and Togo.
Following this course, Benin and ICCROM agreed to launch a follow-up project for the conservation and enhancement of the Royal Palaces of Abomey inscribed on the World Heritage List. This ensemble is composed of 13 palaces, two of which house the museum collections. Eleven palaces are in a dilapidated state. Through the PREMA and GAIA Programmes, Benin and ICCROM have decided to organize Phase II of this project from August 1994 to August 1996.
Amongst the objectives, the following should be noted:
a) the establishment of basic documentation at the Abomey Palace on the architecture and construction techniques of the palaces and on the collections of the Kings of Abomey;
b) training for: two architects in charge of the site, a team of craftsmen in charge of the regular maintenance of the structure, and two conservator technicians for exhibits.
US$ 240,000 have been made available to ICCROM by the Government of Italy through UNESCO for this project.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
It is recommended that this site be retained on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee may wish to request the Secretariat to ensure that a monitoring mission be undertaken to Abomey to evaluate the state of conservation of the eleven palaces that have not yet been subject to restoration and to report on it at the nineteenth session of the Bureau.
Decision Adopted: 18 COM IX
Palace of Abomey (Benin)
The Committee commended the Government of Benin and ICCROM for the activities undertaken since 1992 in training in preventive conservation and for the project for the conservation and enhancement of the Royal Palaces of Abomey which is foreseen for 1994-1996 in collaboration with ICCROM and the Government of Italy. The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested the Secretariat to ensure that a monitoring mission be undertaken to Abomey to evaluate the state of conservation of the eleven palaces that have not yet been subject to restoration and to report on it to the Bureau at its nineteenth session.
Decision Adopted: 18 EXT.BUR V.B.2.2
1. ICCROM/CRATerre (International Centre for Earthen Constructions): Training for a professional team and craftsmen-technicians team for the restoration and maintenance of the Palace of Abomey, Benin - US$33,000
The Bureau recommended the approval of US$33,000 out of the original request for US$44,000.
2. Regional Training Course of Maghreb Architects for the Conservation and Protection of Cultural Monuments and Sites (1994 and 1995, Tunisia) - US$50,000
The Bureau recommended the approval by the Committee of the full amount of US$50,000 for this request.
3. Regional Meeting of Directors of Cultural Offices in Latin America and the Caribbean (April 1995, Cartagena, Colombia) - US$45,000
The Bureau recommended approval by the Committee of the requested amount of US$45,000 under budgetary provisions other than training, subject to the availability of funds.
Decision Adopted: 18 COM XII.6-7
XII.6 The Committee noted that the Bureau at its eighteenth session in December 1994, examined eleven requests for training activities related to cultural properties of which five were submitted by ICCROM and six by State Parties to the total amount exceeding US$ one million. The Bureau reported to the Committee that in view of budgetary constraints it gave priority to requests submitted by developing countries for activities benefiting site managers of World Heritage cultural properties. Funding of courses held in situ which take into account local training needs were given priority consideration over "regular contribution to annual courses" organised at the headquarters of training institutes.
XII.7 The Committee took note of the following decisions of the Bureau for training requests under the amount of US$30,000:
Requests approved by the Bureau:
Requests not approved by the Bureau:
Requests approved by the Committee:
The Committee endorsed the recommendation by the Bureau to approve the following requests:
Requests not approved by the Committee:
On the recommendations of the Bureau, the following requests were not approved by the Committee for reasons indicated below: