1.         Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru) (C/N 274)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1983

Criteria  (i)(iii)(vii)(ix)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/274/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1986-1992)
Total amount approved: USD 161,625
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/274/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/274/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

Technical and training assistance for the preparation of a master plan for this mixed site was provided in 1992 for a total amount of US$ 78,825. The director of the UNDP/UNESCO Regional Project for Latin America informed the Committee at its seventeenth session on the progress made in the preparation of a master plan and that an international archaeological seminar was held in Cusco/Machu Picchu in September 1993. The report of the seminar was published early 1994 and the Secretariat was informed that further detailed studies are being undertaken on several of the most urgent issues.

In the meantime, the Secretariat was informed of proposed helicopter flights from Cusco to the village of Aguas Calientes, which is only two kilometers from the ruins of Machu Picchu, authorization of which is subject to the approval of an environmental impact study by the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA). The Secretariat received the study on 2 September 1994 for comments. IUCN has been requested to examine the study and to report on it to the Committee's session.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies

The Committee is requested to examine the above in the light of the IUCN conclusions and recommendations regarding the environmental impact study.

Decision Adopted: 18 COM IX

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru)

The Committee was informed on proposed helicopter flights from Cusco to the village of Aguas Calientes, which is only two kilometers from the ruins of Machu Picchu, authorization of which would be subject to the approval of an environmental impact study by the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA). IUCN informed that it was finalizing the examination of the impact study and that it will transmit its recommendations to the Secretariat as soon as these are available.

The Committee requested that the Bureau at its forthcoming nineteenth session be informed of the outcome of IUCN's observations.