State of Conservation (SOC)
Old City of Dubrovnik (1993)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:71,010USD
|1992||Financial contribution to urgent activities for the restoration ...||30,000 USD|
|1992||Financial contribution for the organization of a consultation of ...||19,000 USD|
|1988||Consultation on excavations at Dubrovnik Cathedral||2,000 USD|
|1985||Financial contribution to computer equipment for the Old City of ...||20,010 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Armed conflict; Need to extend the buffer zone
Current conservation issues
At its fifteenth session held in Carthage in December 1991, the Committee inscribed the Old City of Dubrovnik on the List of World Heritage in Danger. In July 1992, during the sixteenth session of the Bureau, it was recommended to the Croatian Authorities to create a buffer zone in order to ensure the protection of the ancient fortress and the surrounding areas.
At its last session, the Bureau was informed that a plan concerning the buffer zone had been prepared by the Croatian
local authorities; however, it was not yet cleared by the government. In this regard the Bureau recommended to the Croatian Authorities to extend the buffer zone and include the two fortifications outside the ramparts. It was also recommended that legislation be enforced in order to prevent the construction of high buildings along and close to the coastline which would spoil the fine view of the skyline of the old town of Dubrovnik, when approached from the sea.
The Croatian authorities, by their letter with enclosed documentation received by the Centre on 2 September 1993, requested the extension of the World Heritage Site of Dubrovnik which now has the following perimeter:
1. the agglomeration of Pila and the plateau of Brsalje, to the west;
2. the moat along the perimeter of the city intra-muros, to the north;
3. the Lazarets to the east; and
4. the island of Lokrum to the south.
Document and maps have been transmitted to ICOMOS for the necessary evaluation and a report in this regard will be presented to the Committee meeting in Cartagena, in December 1993.
With regard to the enforcement of the present legislation for the protection of the World Heritage Site, we have to report that no additional documents or information has been received.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
The Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
The Secretariat recalled action undertaken by UNESCO in cooperation with Croatian specialists, and indicated that the brochures prepared jointly with national authorities proved to be an excellent promotional support. A number of safeguarding measures were taken:
- a restoration methodology was defined;
- training courses were organized in France and Italy for Croatian architects;
- equipment and materials were purchased for the restoration of roofs.
These UNESCO activities, undertaken in liaison with the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Dubrovnik, the Institute for the Rehabilitation of Dubrovnik and the UNESCO National Commission, should be reinforced through support under the World Heritage Fund.
At the request of the Committee at its sixteenth session, the Croatian authorities submitted a proposal for the extension of the World Heritage site. This was discussed by the Bureau at its seventeenth extraordinary session, and it was decided to defer this proposal until the Croatian authorities also submit, as requested, a proposal for a buffer zone.
No draft Decision
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1991 -1998
Threats to the Site:
Noting the state of exceptional emergency caused by the armed conflict, the Committee decided to inscribe the Old City of Dubrovnik on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).