1.         Garamba National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (N 136)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1984-1992, 1996-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-1991)
Total amount approved: USD 189,120
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Poaching; Managerment issues

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1991

The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its thirteenth session, had noted that the rhinoceros population in this site had grown from 15 in 1984 to 21 in 1989 and recommended that the Zairois authorities request the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The Bureau was pleased to note that in accordance with the wish of the Committee, the Minister for Environment and Nature Protection of Zaire had, by his letter of 26 February 1991, requested that this site be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

 

 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

The Bureau recommended the Committee remove the Garamba National Park from the List of World Heritage in Danger, observing that the population of rhinoceros in this site has nearly doubled since 1985.

Decision Adopted: 15 BUR VI.49

The Bureau was pleased to note that two more rhino calves were born in this site and the rhino population has now risen to 28, almost double that of 1985 when the site was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau was satisfied that the budget for this site has increased by 400% and that as suggested by the Committee at its last session, the Zairois authorities have requested that this site be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau recommended that the Committee recognize that the small rhino population is still vulnerable and therefore continue to co­operate with other donors in supporting requests for rehabilitation. The Bureau also suggested that the Committee remove this site from the List of the World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 15 COM VIII

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The Committee was glad to learn that the rhino population in this Park had increased to 31 and the local management capacity and budget have increased substantially. Poaching has also been brought under control. The Minister for Environment and Nature Protection of Zaire, by his letter of 26 February 1991, requested the removal of this site from the list of World Heritage in Danger. Although the Bureau at its last session in June 1991 recommended the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger, the Committee took note of the fact that in recent months civil order in the country had deteriorated. The Committee was in agreement with IUCN's observation that the rhino population was still small and continuous assistance and political stability are essential for maintaining the success achieved in the last five years. In view of the uncertainties associated with the recent civil unrest in Zaire, the Committee decided to defer taking a decision on the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger until its next session.

 

Decision Adopted: 15 COM XII.A-B

A. Technical co-operation

The Committee approved the following requests:

 

US$

1.

The Madara Rider (Bulgaria)

35,000

 

Purchase of equipment for drilling, measurement and urgent cleaning of the monument 

2.

Saint-Stephen Church in Nessebar (Bulgaria)

15,000

 

Restoration of mural paintings of Saint-Stephen Church 

3.

Pyramid Plateau at Giza (Egypt)

30,000

 

Costs for three international experts (an economist, an archaeologist and a landscape designer) in the elaboration of a Master Plan

4.

International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM)

25,000

 

The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, approved this project for supplying technical documentation and equipment and materials

5.

Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary (Peru)

40,000

 

Contribution for the period April-December 1992 for the preparation of a Master Plan 

6.

Niokolo-Koba National Park (Senegal)

45,000

 

Purchase of two all-terrain vehicles

 

Furthermore, the Committee recommended that the Secretariat request the Senegalese authorities to provide details of schedules and technical modalities for the implementation of measures to mitigate the environmental impacts of the road construction project in this Park

7.

Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)

40,000

 

Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a centre to improve presentation of the Park to visitors 

8.

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

15,000

 

Purchase and shipment of three all-terrain motor cycles for patrolling of the Park

9.

Virunga National Park (Zaire)

40,000

 

Purchase of one motor-boat and of spare parts for two boats already purchased and freight charges.

The Committee deferred its decision on the following requests:

10.

Talamanca-La Amistad Reserves (Costa Rica)

The Committee recalled that at its last session it approved US $ 50,000 for this site to be released on the condition that projects financed by funds already approved are completed. The Committee noted the implementation of those projects remained at the same level as reported at its last session. Hence the Committee instructed the Bureau to re-examine the situation at its next session before deciding to award the US$ 50,000 approved by the Committee in 1990.

11.

Hal Saflieni Hypogeum (Malta)

The Committee requested the State Party to submit to the next session of the Bureau a technical report justifying the need for the installation of an air-­conditioner in the hypogeum of this site.

12.

Simien National Park (Ethiopia)

 

Recognizing that reconstruction work in this Park, which was abandoned by Park staff in 1985, could begin soon, the Committee decided to set aside US$ 50,000 from the 1992 budget for the re-habilitation of the Simien National Park. The Committee authorized the Chairman to use these funds to support appropriate projects to be developed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation organization, in consultation with IUCN and the Secretariat.

B. Training

The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, provided financial assistance to the following international or regional training courses:

1.

International Course on the Preservation and the Restoration of Monuments and Historic Sites (University of Bahia, Brazil)

60,000

 

The Committee recommended that the funds be used to support the participation of specialists from Latin American and Caribbean States Parties to the Convention and that States Parties which had not received fellow­ships in the past be given preference during 1992. The Committee also recommended the authorities organizing the course to submit the list of trainees selected for the course for the approval of the Secretariat.

2.

Regional Training Seminar for Francophone Africa on the Management of National Parks, in 'W' National Park of Niger(ENGREF/France and FSA/Niamey, Niger)

30,000

3.

Mobile Regional Training Course for Protected Area Managers from South-Central Asia (Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehra Dun, India)

30,000

 

The Committee requested that the Secretariat obtain written approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India for the organization of this course. 

 

The Committee welcomed the offer from the Delegation of USA to make available the equivalent of US$ 30,000, in Indian Rupees, through the Indo-US Sub-Commission on Science and Technology which is already supporting similar training courses. The Committee recommended that the Secretariat, in co-operation with the USA and Indian authorities, take the necessary steps to use the offer made by the Delegation of USA so that part or whole of the amount approved by the Committee for this course could be saved to support other international assistance projects.