1.         Aksum (Ethiopia) (C 15)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1996-1996)
Total amount approved: USD 2,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: USD 5.07 million by the Italian Funds in Trust for the “Aksum Archaeological Site Improvement Project: Preparatory studies for the reinstallation of the Obelisk and capacity building for archaeological conservation - Phase 1”, "Reinstallation of the Obelisk - Phase 2” and “Consolidation of Stele 3”.

Previous monitoring missions

2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009: missions of the World Heritage Centre and experts for the implementation of the Obelisk project; 2010: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Insufficient delimitation of this serial property;

b) Lack of conservation and Management Plans;

c) Lack of appropriate urban planning and building regulations;

d) Urban encroachment and inappropriate new developments;

e) Rising water level / seepage;

f) Structural instability of Stele 3.

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15/

Current conservation issues

350 words

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

500 words

Draft Decision: 42 COM 7B.

The World Heritage Committee,

1.         Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,

2.         Recalling Decision

2.         Heading 7

a)         Heading 8

(i)         Heading 9

2.         Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.