1.         Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India) (N 338)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (vii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1992-2011

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/338/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/338/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Construction of a dam (issue resolved)

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/338/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1989

The Bureau heard a verbal report from IUCN that this site had been invaded in February 1989 by several hundreds of local Bodo tribes people and this had caused great damage to the park and loss Of life. The Indian authorities had sent in the police to halt further destruction, but the problem of illegal encroachment was still not resolved. The Bureau requested the Secretariat to contact the Indian authorities to express its concern over this situation and encourage taking appropriate measures to restore the site.

Subsequently, IUCN has received reports that at least six but almost certainly more Indian rhinoceros and at least four tigers were killed as a consequence of the disturbances as well as some elephants. A large number of trees have been felled and the habitat of species such as golden langur, hispid hare and pygmy hog put at risk.

IUCN has itself taken initiatives including a letter to the Prime Minister of India and the Chief Minister of Assam expressing concern and also conveying a resolution of IUCN's Species Survival Commission urging restoration of the integrity of the Sanctuary.

At the time of writing, IUCN understands that the Bodo tribe has agreed to end its agitation in favour of a negotiated settlement and there are reports of official action to reinstate management of the occupied areas.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 13 BUR IV.B.10

The Bureau noted that this site had recently been invaded by several hundreds of local people which had caused great damage to the park and the loss of several lives. The Indian authorities had sent in the police to halt further destruction, but the problem of illegal encroachment was still not resolved. The Bureau requested the Secretariat to contact the Indian authorities to express its concern over this situation and encourage taking appropriate measures to restore the site.

Decision Adopted: 13 COM VIII.16

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)

IUCN reported on the invasion of this site in February 1989 by the Bodo tribespeople. IUCN reported that it had been consulting with the Indian authorities, and it had been informed that measures were being taken to resolve this problem. The Committee decided to ask the Secretariat to follow up the situation with the Indian authorities.