1.         Garamba National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (N 136)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   1984-1992, 1996-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-1988)
Total amount approved: USD 174,120
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Poaching; Management issues

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/136/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1989

The joint project to rehabilitate this Park run by the Frankfurt Zoological Society/WWF/World Heritage Fund with IUCN cooperation has met with considerable success since no more rhinoceros have been poached in the last five years, the rhinoceros population has increased by 50% and a better management regime has been established.

The Park recently celebrated the 50th anniversary since its foundation.

The Bureau noted this situation with satisfaction and recommended that the property be re-examined in 1990: if the situation continued to show improvement, steps should be taken to initiate the removal of the site from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

IUCN, WWF and the Frankfurt Zoological Society are now looking at the next phase of the rehabilitation project maintaining vigilance on the poaching situation, preparing a management plan and looking into work outside the park along the lines of the MAB model. There may well be a request for further support from the World Heritage Fund. The situation will need close attention as the park contains the last viable natural population of square-lipped or northern rhinoceros whose population in 1988 was estimated at 21, up from 15 in 1984.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 13 BUR IV.A.2

2) Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The joint project to rehabilitate this Park run by the Frankfurt Zoological Society/WWF/World Heritage Fund met with considerable success since no more rhinoceros have been poached in the last 5 years, the rhinoceros population has increased by 50% and a better management regime has been established. The Park recently celebrated the 50th anniversary since its foundation. The Bureau noted this situation with satisfaction and recommended that the property be re-examined in 1990: if the situation continued to show improvement, steps should be taken to initiate the removal of the site from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 13 COM XV.D

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The representative of Zaire thanked the Committee for its continued support for improving the protection and management of this site, which was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1984 due to the alarming reduction in the northern white rhinoceros population. The joint project by the Frankfurt Zoological Society, WWF and the World Heritage Committee had resulted in a promising recovery of these animals. The Committee accordingly recommended that the Zairois authorities should formally request the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1990.