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State of Conservation (SOC)

Ichkeul National Park

Ichkeul National Park
Date of Inscription: 1980
Nomination records (Year): 1978
Category: Natural
Criteria: (x)
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Documents, nomination, reports, decisions...
Read the SOUV
  • Air pollution
  • Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
  • Subsistence hunting
  • Water (rain/water table)
  • Water infrastructure
Inscription on the Danger List
Year: 1996 -2006
Threats to the Site:

The Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger during the 20th session of the Committee (1996) as a result of significant deterioration in the characteristics for which the site was inscribed.

The construction of three dams on rivers supplying Lake Ichkeul and its marshes has cut off almost all inflow of fresh water, causing a destructive increase in the salinity of the lake and marshes.

Reed beds, sedges and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced by halophytic plants, with a consequent sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations dependent on the habitat the lake formerly provided. According to IUCN, all reed-dependent species such as purple heron, purple gallinule and reed warblers have disappeared.

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.