1.         Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal) (N 25)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-1982)
Total amount approved: USD 49,132
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Construction of dams

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1984

It is recalled that the World Heritage Committee, at its sixth and seventh sessions, had suggested that the Government of Senegal should nominate this property for inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger due to the negative impacts which the agricultural development project on the Djoudj River would have on the natural integrity of the site.

By letter of 19 June 1984, the Minister for Nature Protection of Senegal replied favorably to the request of the Director-General of Unesco in this respect. The Minister furthermore recalled that the Second Conference of Contracting Parties to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitats, held in the Netherlands on 5-7 May 1984, made a recommendation that special measures be rapidly taken to safeguard the future of Djoudj. In this respect, he noted that the protective measures outlined in the report of the consultant mission financed by the World Heritage Fund were too costly to be borne by Senegal alone and that the creation of an international support fund could be envisaged. 

 

The IUCN evaluation of this nomination is presented in the IUCN document.

(See Document SC.84/CONF.001/4, at https://whc.unesco.org/archive/1984/sc-84-conf001-4e.pdf ). 

 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

The Committee was informed by IUCN that the immediate threat posed by the earthen dam upstream from this property had been removed since the recent rains had been sufficiently abundant to wash this temporary dam away. However, the longer term threat posed by the dam to be constructed down-stream still remained and still,seriously jeopardised the future of this site. Taking IUCN's comments and reconrmendations into account, and the response of the Senegalese authorities to the Director General's request, the Committee decided to inscribe Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 8 COM X.26-27

26. The Committee examined four nominations to the List of World Heritage in Danger submitted by the States Parties concerned. The Committee noted the recommendations of ICOMOS and IUCN and made the following decisions:

Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)
ICOMOS provided the Committee with the information which the Polish authorities had given for this property. The Committee considered that there was insufficient geological information at present to evaluate the dangers facing this property. The Committee therefore decided to defer a decision on this nomination until more information had been obtained and expressed the wish that in the meantime the national authorities concerned ensure the necessary protection.

Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal)
The Committee was informed by IUCN that the immediate threat posed by the earthen dam upstream from this property had been removed since the recent rains had been sufficiently abundant to wash this temporary dam away. However, the longer term threat posed by the dam to be constructed down-stream still remained and still,seriously jeopardised the future of this site. Taking IUCN's comments and reconrmendations into account, and the response of the Senegalese authorities to the Director General's request, the Committee decided to inscribe Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area (Tanzania)
The IUCN representative presented the evaluation of the conservation status of this property which had regrettably continued to decline and noted that the Tanzanian authorities had recently responded positively to the request of the Director General to inscribe this property on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Taking account of IUCN's observations, the Commi'ttee decided to inscribe Ngorongoro Conservation Area on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Garamba National Park (Zaire)
The Committee took note of IUCN's evaluation of this nomination and of up-to-date information on the very critical situation of the white rhinoceros population, now estimated to total less than 15 specimens, which means this sub-species is severely threatened. The Committee noted IUCN's observations and the positive response of the Zaire authorities to the Director General's letter and decided to inscribe Garamba National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger.


27. Mr. Batisse, on noting the Committee's decision to inscribe the 3 natural sites described above on the List of World Heritage in Danger, remarked that these inscriptions would constitute a test of the effectiveness of the Convention on mobilising public opinion and solidarity to provide the important national or international support necessary for their preservation.