Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Historic Centre of Lima: 1988
Historic Centre of Lima: (iv)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 94,500USD
|2002||Emergency Assistance for the Historic Centre of Lima||48,000 USD|
|1994||Financial contribution to pursue a conservation policy in the Historic Centre of Lima||19,500 USD|
|1990||Elaboration of the extension of the nomination of San Francisco de Lima||7,000 USD|
|1989||Contribution to conservation works on the convent of San Francisco, Lima||20,000 USD|
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Urban Pressure; Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; Lack of management mechanism (including legislation), Lack of monitoring system; Lack of human or financial resources; Lack of institution coordination; Fire.
Current conservation issues
The Secretariat received on 30 January 2004 the following information from the State Party: a Report on the Historical Centre of Lima, Section II of the 2004 Periodic Report of that property, current regulations and laws, a diagnosis and draft Management Plan (2004-2010) for the Historic Centre, and the Strategic Plan (2003-2006).
The Strategic Plan is articulated in actions focused on different kinds of intervention, such as integrated approaches towards municipal policy, accessibility, public spaces, recovery of heritage buildings, urban renovation and eco-social sustainability (private investment, promotion, citizenship participation and institutional empowerment). A total of 18,087 houses (25% of the total stock) are in a bad or ruinous state. By Decree n° 161 of September 2003 the Municipality has selected micro-zones for urban renovation and some projects are currently in progress. However, no specific information for private investment, World Bank or Inter-American Development Bank investment in the process has been provided. The draft Management Plan (2004-2010) encompassed a greater integrated vision, although it has to be noted that both the Strategic Plan and the Management Plan (2004-2010) have not yet been institutionalised.
A UNESCO mission visited Lima from 20 to 22 October 2003. In discussions with the Mayor of Lima, the mission urged him to undertake a full revision of the management plan of the city. Over the past two years, the competent authoritiesof the city have received recommendations by ICOMOS and French experts concerning the proper measures to improve the management of the historic centre. The main action the Mayor has undertaken is prohibiting political events or demonstrations in the historic centre, improving the lighting system at the Plaza de Armas, and launchingthe Lima Linda campaign (which consisted of repainting facades). The municipal plan for the centre focused on the restoration of several churches and the reorganization of squares and the banks of theRimac River, while no housing project was supported by private entrepreneurs. The Patronato of Lima requested the Secretariat to organize an expert meeting on how to coordinate input and efforts of the private sector and civil society within the above mentioned Plans.
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15B.120The World Heritage Committee, 1. Taking note of the reports transmitted by the State Party (Decision 27 COM 7B.99), 2. Requests the State Party to formalize the current procedures to set up a Management Coordination Unit to implement the Strategic Plan with full responsibility for implementing the projects, composed of all the relevant institutions for the protection and development of the Historical Centre of Lima; 3. Draws the attention of the State Party to the possibility of organizing an international expert meeting to improve civil participation and private investment in the management project; 4. Further requests the State Party to keep the Committee informed of the further implementation of the Strategic Plan and Management Plan for the Historical Centre of Lima.