1.         Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (Panama) (C 135)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   2012-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-1993)
Total amount approved: USD 76,800
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; Floods/Landslides. 

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

At the time of the preparation of this document, the Secretariat had not received from the State Party the requested report on the design and further measures taken for the conservation of the property.


From 13 to 16 March 2004 the World Heritage Centre, in cooperation with the World Monuments Fund and INAH Mexico (Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia), organized a regional expert meeting on Fortifications in the Americas, which took place in Campeche (Mexico). During the meeting, twenty case studies on the conservation and restoration of historic fortifications were discussed, including the state of conservation of Portobelo-San Lorenzo. The Secretariat noted the very poor state, in particular of San Jeronimo Fortress, and the person responsible for the restoration project of San Juan de Ulua in Mexico (supported by American Express) expressed an interest in assisting the relevant authorities in Panama to define an action plan for intervention at San Jeronimo Fortress in Portobelo.


Due to the partial loss of the original fabric of San Jeronimo, the World Monuments Fund (WMF) included the property in the programme of World Monuments Watch and began an evaluation project to identify the threats to the sites of Portobelo and San Lorenzo. The WMF is currently implementing the last phase of the project devoted to consolidation works for San Jeronimo and Santiago Fortresses.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15B.118

The World Heritage Committee, 1. Taking note of the information on the meeting on Fortifications in the Americas, which took place in March 2004 in Campeche (Mexico), which discussed the poor state of conservation of the property of Portobelo-San Lorenzo, 2. Thanking the World Monuments Fund and American Express, once again, for their support in the follow-up of the restoration project in San Jeronimo and Santiago Fortresses, 3. Invites the State Party to submit a request for International Assistance to further support conservation works at the property; 4. Requests the State Party to submit by 1 February 2005 a progress report on the state of conservation of the property to the World Heritage Committee for examination of at its 29th session in 2005.