State of Conservation (SOC)
Cologne Cathedral (2004)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Current conservation issues
An expert conference on the high-rise building project of Cologne took place in November 2003, organised by the city of Cologne. As requested at the 27th session of the Committee, representatives of UNESCO and ICOMOS were invited to attend the meeting. They gave statements on the issue and were furthermore informed of the approved building plan for the Deutz area. During the panel discussion four points of concern were brought to the attention of the meeting by the UNESCO representative related to the high-rise project and the way it might adversely affect the World Heritage property: the state of conservation of the Cathedral; the need to define effective legal boundaries of the site, including the definition of a buffer zone; the need to consider the site within its environmental and cultural landscape context, wherein the visual integrity of the Cathedral of Cologne as an outstanding feature of the well-known urban skyline should be protected; and the support for urban development at a larger scale provided that adequate architectural solutions are foreseen to avoid adverse effects on the outstanding value of the site.
On 29 January 2004 the German authorities submitted an up-date report on the planning situation. The report addresses the four points of concern brought up by UNESCO and ICOMOS, particularly the lack of a buffer zone and the impact of the project on the visual integrity of the property. While the outline of a buffer zone incorporates the historic city centre on the left bank of the Rhine and the river Rhine itself, the master plan for Deutz still foresees five high-rise buildings with the heights of 103 to 120 m situated in the East-ward view axis of the Cathedral. The current master plan of Deutz is part of a general master plan for the city, foreseeing more high-rise projects in other parts of the City of Cologne. By letter dating 11 March 2004, UNESCO and ICOMOS were invited by the City of Cologne to further discuss the building project.
ICOMOS noted that the planned high-rise buildings, especially the group on the Deutz site if built as foreseen, would considerably change the urban scale of the whole city centre and destroy the spatial quality of the World Heritage property Cologne Cathedral. While city authorities are firmly attached to the high-rise constructions and not willing to modify the concept, local preservation bodies, official as well as non-official, raise awareness for cultural values under threat.
ICOMOS announced to act with all vigour in favour of preservation of the irreplaceable cultural values of the Cologne Cathedral and it’s setting. It furthermore regretted that the city authorities did not pass full information relevant to the case for debate. While discussing the planning concept, the architectural design of some of the high-rise buildings had already been done due to prior economic commitments. The economic plans for the development and expected outputs are not convincing; the feasibility of the high-rise concept therefore is questionable. ICOMOS clearly stated that the development plans are necessary for the city but the existing cultural values have to be respected. In the case of the World Heritage property of the Cologne Cathedral the height of planned new constructions in Köln-Deutz should be revised. An analytical part of the planning process, if done consequently, will show clearly the negative impact of the project on the whole city.
Link to the decision
The World Heritage Committee, 1. Regrets that the German authorities had not provided the information concerning the high-rise building projects in time, in accordance with paragraph 56 of the Operational Guidelines (2002); 2. Noting the information provided on the current situation at the site, including the announcement to continue with the implementation of the construction project, 3. Regrets that the State Party has not yet designated a buffer zone for the property despite the Committee’s request at the time of the inscription; 4. Urges the City of Cologne to reconsider the current building plans as to their visual impact on the World Heritage property of Cologne Cathedral and requests that any new construction should respect the visual integrity of the property ; 5. Invites the City of Cologne to collaborate with the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS in the review of the building plans; 6. Recalls article 11.4 of the World Heritage Convention and paragraph 82 of the Operational Guidelines (2002) with regard to ascertained danger (including serious deterioration of architectural or town-planning coherence, serious deterioration of urban space) and potential danger (including threatening effects of town planning); 7. Requests the State Party to provide a detailed report on the situation, including the status of the building plans, visual impact studies as well as the development of a buffer zone, by 1 February 2005 for review by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session in 2005; 8. Decides to inscribe Cologne Cathedral on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Link to the decision
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the
World Heritage List (WHC-04/28.COM/15B and WHC-04/28.COM/15B Add)
and of proposals for inscription of properties on the World Heritage List
2. Decides to inscribe the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:
- Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Islamic Republic of Iran (Decision 28 COM 14B.56)
- Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) (Decision 28 COM 15B.41)
- Cologne Cathedral, Germany (Decision 28 COM 15C.2 )
Draft Decision: 28 COM 15B.70
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Thanking the German authorities for having provided the requested information,
2. Noting the information provided on the current situation at the site, including the announcement to continue with the implementation of the construction project,
3. Regrets that the State Party has not yet designated a buffer zone for the property despite the Committee’s request at the time of the inscription;
4. Recalls paragraph 82 of the Operational Guidelines with regard to ascertained danger (including serious deterioration of architectural or town-planning coherence, serious deterioration of urban space) and potential danger (including threatening effects of town planning);
5. Urges the City of Cologne to reconsider the current building plans as to their visual impact on the World Heritage property of Cologne Cathedral;
6. Invites the City of Cologne to collaborate with the Centre and ICOMOS in the review of the building plans;
7. Requests the State Party to provide a detailed report on the situation by 1 February 2005 for review by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session in 2005.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 2004 -2006
Threats to the Site:
- Urban development pressure through high-rise building project impacting on the visual integrity of the Cathedral as a landmark;
- Lack of buffer-zone
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).