1.         Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz (Uzbekistan) (C 885)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2000

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger   2016-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/885/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1999-1999)
Total amount approved: USD 15,000
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/885/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Urban Pressure; Tourism Pressure; Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; Lack of management mechanism (including legislation); Lack of monitoring system; Lack of presentation and interpretation; Lack of human or financial resources; Earthquakes. 

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/885/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

At the request of the World Heritage Committee at its 27th session, the State Party supplied a report on the state of conservation of this World Heritage property. The report recapitulates and updates conservation and restoration projects carried out at a number of individual monuments since 1972. No reference was made to the comprehensive conservation and management plan, which the State Party reported as being in preparation at the time of inscription on the World Heritage List in 2000 and details of which were requested during the previous session of the Committee. Reference is made however to monitoring procedures set up for the main monuments.


In December 2001, the National Commission of Uzbekistan for UNESCO alerted the World Heritage Centre the potential structural threats facing the Ak Sarai Palace and other important monuments at Shakhrisyabz World Heritage site. Upon receiving this news, which included information on extensive cracks, leaning walls and humidity inside the Ak Sarai Palace, the World Heritage Centre organized, in 2002, an international expert mission to assist the national authorities in elaborating a conservation plan to stabilise the Ak Sarai Palace.


During this mission, the international expert noted that, in addition to major cracks due to past earthquakes, structural threats, human activities, the rise in ground water and weathering (rain and frost), were persistent issues threatening the structures. The combination of these issues was negatively affecting structural stability of the Ak Sarai Palace, as well as accelerating the decay of historic building materials. Furthermore, while the emerging commercial and tourism developments represent a rich, as yet unexploited, economic potential for Shakhrisyabz city, such activities are uncontrolled and pose significant development pressure on the property. The UNESCO mission recommended as a priority that preventive measures to stabilize the Ak Sarai Palace, as well as systematic monitoring and management of the site, be ensured. Subsequently, an emergency assistance request for the stabilisation of the Ak Sarai building was elaborated and submitted by the Government of Uzbekistan, in close collaboration with the UNESCO expert and the World Heritage Centre.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15B.68

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Notes the information provided by the State Party further to the request of the of the World Heritage Committee at its 27th session in 2003 (Decision 27 COM 7B.56);

2. Recalls that at the time of inscription on the World Heritage List, the State Party had assured the World Heritage Committee on its intention to elaborate a comprehensive conservation and management plan to strengthen the conservation process at this property;

3. Requests the State Party to submit, by 1 February 2005, a report on the progress made in the elaboration of the above-mentioned management plan for the Committee’s examination at its 29th session in 2005.