Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1999
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/916/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/916/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Tourism Pressure; Lack of monitoring system; Lack of presentation and interpretation.
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/916/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004
Several threats to the Robben Island World Heritage site are noted, which if not managed or controlled, could potentially adversely impact on the integrity of the site. Most of these threats and opportunities had already been identified in specialist studies which have been conducted on the island, and concluded that the main challenge for site management was to implement existing recommendations. The threats include: progressive invasion by alien plants; uncontrollable fires; presence of unsuitable large herbivores; presence of feral cats, European rabbits and black rats; over-harvesting and/or poaching of abalone and other marine resources; impact of vehicles and residents/tourists on endangered fauna; littering by residents and visitors; solid waste in the form of discarded vehicles, machinery, building materials and rubble; solid waste from ships/marine litter; impact of marine sewer outfall; impact of vehicles on geological features; impact of infrastructure upgrades and development; exploitation of groundwater; impact of tourism.
IUCN, ICOMOS and ICCROM note that the key factors preventing effective implementation of the recommendations made in the aforementioned existing reports and specialist studies were:
a) Poor integration of the various management and policy documentation into a single, comprehensive Conservation Management Plan;
b) High staff vacancy rate (approximately 25%) resulting in reduced integrated management structures;
c) The lack of specific annual plans of operation addressing each priority management programme, with appropriate levels of accountability;
d) Difficulties associated with the operational aspects of maintenance and conservation implementation, leading to a serious lack of certainty of preventive maintenance funding and programming; and increasing deterioration of the sites built heritage.
e) Lack of proactive management of tourism pressure.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15B.40