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State of Conservation (SOC)


Date of Inscription: 1992
Nomination records (Year): 1990, 1999, 2007
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iii)
Danger List: Yes
  • Housing
  • Illegal activities
  • Interpretative and visitation facilities
  • Legal framework
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Other Threats:

    a) Lack of adequate protection and conservation of the site; b) Serious deterioration of materials resulting in an important loss of cultural significance

Inscription on the Danger List
Year: 1997 -2005
Threats to the Site:

The civil disturbances in the country in early 1997 did not cause any irreversible damage to the archaeological site itself, but the showcases of the museum were opened and looted. No inventory of the stolen objects has yet been made, but fortunately the site's most famous treasure, the marble head of the 2nd-century BC “Goddess of Butrint” had been moved to Tirana before the event.

The Committee's concern over the continued lack of adequate protection, management, and conservation of the site led to its inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1997 with the full support of the Minister of Culture of Albania who voiced his government's concern and commitment to the preservation of the site.

A joint mission to Butrint in October 1997 had noted that the site remains vulnerable for a number of reasons, including the lack of proper fencing. Two water pumps used to preserve the ancient theatre from infiltration had been stolen earlier that year and had to be replaced. Computers and other equipment were also needed to prepare an inventory, and other urgent needs had to be met.

The Committee allocated an amount of US$100,000 as emergency assistance in December 1997.

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.