Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Group of Monuments at Hampi: 1986
Group of Monuments at Hampi: (i)(iii)(iv)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 92,370USD
|2003||Emergency assistance to elaborate a management plan for Hampi World Heritage site in Danger||75,000 USD|
|2001|| Study trip of Indian site management authorities of Hampi W H Property in Danger to U K to increase national and local capacity for enhanced management (NOT IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 09 Apr, 2002 (n°1522 - 17,370 USD)
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Lack of management mechanism (including legislation), Lack of institution co-ordination.
Rural development pressure
Current conservation issues
According to the Progress Report submitted to the Secretariat by the State Party on 8 April 2004, the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority Act (2002) was adopted by the State Legislature of the Karnataka Government, and its implementation should now be ensured towards prevention of uncontrolled urbanization in the World Heritage protected area.
The State Government of Karnataka has initiated the process of acquisition of land for the construction of the by-pass road, and the work is progressing rapidly. In a meeting on 3 March 2004, the State Government of Karnataka decided to first construct the by-pass road and only thereafter to take up the construction of the remaining portions of the Anegondi Bridge. The Public Works Department was directed to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the UNESCO Mission in May 2003 with regard to the location, transversal sections, longitudinal sections, cross sections of the by-pass road. The two pylons of the suspended Hampi footbridge have been demolished as per the recommendations of the UNESCO Mission.
The UNESCO Mission of 2003 had highlighted the importance of preparing a site management plan which would cover several key issues such as redefinition of the boundaries of the protected area, elaboration of mapping and urban development challenges. The Hampi Development Authority entrusted the preparation of the management plan to the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage who completed the Hampi Management Plan. This plan is being examined by the Central Government (Archaeological Survey of India) and will then be submitted to the Secretariat for review and comments.
The Secretariat received information by the concerned local individuals that unauthorized constructions (i.e. huge shopping complex in the core zone) are taking place in and around the property which require immediate guidelines and provisions for issuing building licenses. Furthermore, it is reported that local habitants are in need of development of civic and hygienic conditions in the surrounding area, instead of investments for commercial and other activities that do not benefit the locals. There is also a need for better coordination between the State Government and the Central Government of India.
At the 27th session of the Committee in 2003, a total amount of US $75,000 was approved as Emergency Assistance, for the elaboration of a comprehensive management plan for this property. Within the framework of this Emergency Assistance from the World Heritage Fund, a Stakeholders Workshop was foreseen in January 2004 in order to meet the integrated needs of the region by establishing a better management mechanism (including legislation), institutional coordination and effective measures against rural development pressure. However, the Workshop had to be postponed and it is due to be convened in early June 2004.
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15A.24
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Commends the State Party for its decisions to postpone the completion of the vehicular bridge until the by-pass road is constructed, and to consider the vehicular bridge to be temporary, pending the identification of a long-term solution within the comprehensive site management plan Hampi management plan, as well as for implementing other recommendations of the UNESCO Mission of 2003;
2. Stresses its concern for the need of local community participation in the decision making process for the conservation and management of the property, and its involvements concerning local development;
3. Invites the State Party to strengthen efforts to enhance better coordination and dialogue among different national and local stakeholders;
4. Encourages the State Party to finalize the comprehensive site management plan, as soon as possible, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies (ICOMOS and ICCROM) and with other national and local stakeholders;
5. Recommends the State Party to establish a technical unit with appropriate capacity to support the Hampi World Heritage Management Authority, to ensure building control and community advisory services for conservation;
6. Requests the State Party to submit to the Secretariat by 1 February 2005, a progress report on the state of conservation of the property, notably on issues concerning the construction of the by-pass road and the bridges, for examination by the Committee at its 29th session in 2005;
7. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15C.2
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-04/28.COM/15A Rev),
2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: