Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park: 1988
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park: (ix)(x)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The site was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger following reports of illegal grazing and poaching by heavily armed hunters, who, according to some reports, may have harvested as much as 80% of the park's wildlife. The shooting of four members of the park staff in early 1997 and a general state of deteriorating security have brought all development projects and tourism to a halt. The government of the Central African Republic has proposed to assign site management responsibility to a private Foundation.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The site was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger following reports of illegal grazing and poaching by heavily armed hunters, who, according to some reports, may have harvested as much as 80% of the park's wildlife. The shooting of four members of the park staff in early 1997 and a general state of deteriorating security have brought all development projects and tourism to a halt.
The government of the Central African Republic has proposed to assign site management responsibility to a private Foundation.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 170,000USD
|2001|| Programme d'urgence pour la réhabilitation du site du patrimoine mondial en péril du Manovo-Gounda St Floris
Reapproval: 19 Nov, 2004 (n°1743 - 50,000 USD)
|2001||Project for "Long-term Conservation of the Manovo-Gounda-St. Floris National Park and other National Park (Phase I): Assessment of the state of Conservation and rehabilitation Plan||20,000 USD|
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Mining; Oil Gas and Exploration; Fishing; Poaching/Hunting; Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; Lack of management mechanism (including legislation); Lack of monitoring system; Lack of presentation and interpretation; Lack of human or financial resources; Lack of institution coordination; Civil unrest.
Current conservation issues
At its 27th session, the Committee recommended that IUCN and the World Heritage Centre, in co-operation with the State Party, urgently undertake a mission to the property to evaluate the status of the outstanding value for which it was inscribed on the World Heritage List and the extent to which that value may have been irreversibly compromised by the prevailing threats to the property. The mission to the property was delayed, as there have been problems in identifying the lead person in the State Party for its organization. In the past, the Central African Republic had one single Ministry, which dealt with water and forestry, hunting, fisheries, tourism and the environment. The new Government has split up this Ministry into three Ministries: one for water, forest, hunting and fisheries, a second one for tourism and a third for environment, sustainable development and social economics. The Centre received a letter dated 31 March 2004 by the Minister of Waters, Forests, Hunting and Fisheries inviting the Centre and IUCN to undertake the mission as soon as possible.
The implementation of the US$150,000 Emergency Rehabilitation Plan of the property has remained under suspension following the unrest that followed the unseating of the Government in March 2003. In the letter from the Minister for Water, Forests, Hunting and Fisheries mentioned above, the Centre is informed on the improved political and security situation in the country and a revised Emergency Rehabilitation Plan is submitted as requested by the Committee. The plan will be implemented jointly between the Ministry for Water, Forests, Hunting and Fisheries, the European Union funded project “Conservation et Utilisation rationelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d’Afrique Centrale” (ECOFAC), which is in charge of a wildlife management project around the property, and the national non-governmental “Association Pour la Protection de la Faune Centrafricaine”(APFC). The revised plan foresees activities to reinforce surveillance, increase awareness of the local populations for the conservation of the property, an evaluation of the state of conservation of the property, the preparation of a management plan and some activities aiming at the revival of tourism activities. The implementation of the Emergency Rehabilitation Plan is foreseen from May 2004 to June 2005. Further investment will be critical to sustain and develop the activities after completion of this first phase and financial resources need to be mobilised for the continuation of such activities. On 9 April 2004, the Centre met at UNESCO headquarters the Minister of the newly created Ministry of Environment, Sustainable Development and Social Economics. The Minister further informed the Centre that the Central African Republic is in the process of creating an inter-ministerial committee that will oversee the implementation of the Emergency Rehabilitation Plan.
At the time of the 5th IUCN World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa (September 2003), IUCN held an informal meeting with the technical advisor to the Ministry of Water, Forests, Hunting and Fisheries of the State Party, and a former consultant for the ECOFAC project. It was recommended that a mission alone will not be sufficient to overcome the problems at this property, but that a meeting between all stakeholders is required to facilitate the development of a major programme of action and fundraising strategy for the property. Stakeholders should include the relevant national Ministries, ECOFAC project coordinators, IUCN, the Centre and local associations, such as the hunting associations. In the mean time the IUCN Regional Office for Central Africa has developed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Central African Republic, which is due to be signed in May 2004. This MoU seeks to provide support from IUCN Regional Office for Central Africa to the State Party in relation to programmes for the sustainable management of the natural resources of that country. Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park will be one of the sites targeted to be a beneficiary under the MoU.
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15A.1
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Reiterates its serious concern for the state of conservation of Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park and the need for increased international support and co-operation, including that between the Central African Republic, Chad and Sudan;
2. Notes that the State Party has provided a revised Emergency Rehabilitation Plan and has invited the World Heritage Centre and IUCN to undertake a mission to evaluate the state of conservation of the property;
3. Requests the World Heritage Centre and IUCN, in consultation with the State Party, to undertake a mission to assess the state of conservation of the property, including the review of the implementation of the Emergency Rehabilitation Plan and to submit recommendations for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session in 2005. This mission should include the organization of a stakeholder meeting to develop a major programme of action and fundraising strategy for the conservation of the property. The State Party may wish to seek international assistance for the organization of this meeting;
4. Recommends that the State Party and the World Heritage Centre cooperate to enable the start of the implementation of the Emergency Rehabilitation Plan;
5. Invites the State Party to cooperate with the World Heritage Centre, IUCN, the "Conservation et Utilisation rationelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d’Afrique Centrale" (ECOFAC) programme and other conservation agencies and donors
to mobilise the necessary resources to sustain and further develop the activities
foreseen under the revised Emergency Rehabilitation Plan and other activities that may be developed for implementation after the mission;
6. Decides to retain Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 28COM 15C.2
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-04/28.COM/15A Rev),
2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: