1.         Chavin (Archaeological Site) (Peru) (C 330)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1988-2002)
Total amount approved: USD 75,550
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

Monitoring mission in 1999

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Water erosion and destabilisation of one of the main structures; No archaeological surveys conducted prior to the road construction in La Banda zone; Lack of a Master Plan.

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2005

On 28 January 2005, the World Heritage Centre received the State of Conservation report concerning the archaeological area of La Banda and the project for the rehabilitation of the road Tunel Kahuizh-San Marcos.  As explained in the report, the initial track of the road was planned to go along the right side of the Mosna River, in order to protect the Archeological Property of Chavin.  However, as a result of the discovery of archeological remains on the right bank of the river, there was a need for rescue archaeological interventions.

Within the framework of an agreement between the National Institute of Culture (INC) and the Ministry of Transport and Communication, in cooperation with

the Stanford University, the project for the “Archaeological Rescue of La Banda” was carried out from May to August 2004.  The track of the road was modified and now the damage for the La Banda area is categorized by the government as minimal.  The report did not enclose a copy of the agreement between the two institutions, while the World Heritage Centre has not received any further information about other archaeological surveys in the area where the new track of the road has been accepted.

ICOMOS is reassured that precautions were taken by the State Party to avoid damage to the main archaeological property.  However, it strongly recommends that there should be statutory provisions for archaeological evaluation, by geophysical and other non-destructive means as well as selective excavation, of all areas in and around the World Heritage property in advance of any form of intervention for infrastructural or other reasons.  No works of this kind should be permitted to begin until the archaeological survey has been completed.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 29 COM 7B.95

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7B.Rev,

2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15B.104 adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Taking note of the information provided by the State Party,

4. Urges the State Party of Peru to develop a management plan for the property of Chavín, including La Banda, which should include statutory provisions for archaeological evaluation of all areas in and around the World Heritage property in advance of any form of intervention;

5. Requests the State Party to send an outline of a management plan to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2006 for examination by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006).