Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Historic Town of Zabid: 1993
Historic Town of Zabid: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The Yemeni government asked for Zabid to be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to facilitate its preservation.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The Yemeni government asked for Zabid to be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger to facilitate its preservation.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 159,167USD
|2004||Assistance for the publication of a book||5,000 USD|
|2003||Safeguarding the Historic Town of Zabid||40,000 USD|
|2001||Historic City of Zabid (APPROVAL OF THE SECOND HALF-NOT IMPLEMENTED)||25,000 USD|
|2001|| Historic City of Zabid (APPROVAL OF THE FIRST HALF-PARTIALLY IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 22 Jan, 2002 (n°1486 - 31,918 USD)
|1999||Exposition of the photographs of the architectures in Yemen||167 USD|
|1998||Construction of the furnace for making mud bricks, a restoration material in Zabid||19,000 USD|
|1994||Preparation of a publication on Zabid||15,000 USD|
|1994||Urgent protection works in the Historical Town of Zabid||30,000 USD|
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
2002 and 2003, international expertise
December 2004, World Heritage Centre
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Deterioration of the traditional urban fabric; loss of integrity and authenticity; socio-economic degradation.
Current conservation issues
Within the framework of the International Assistance Request submitted by the Yemeni authorities and approved by the World Heritage Committee at its 27th session (UNESCO, 2003), a Stakeholders’ meeting was organized in December 2004, aiming at widening the consultation at the local level, at bringing together decision makers, representatives of the civil society, and international experts. The presence of the Minister of Culture and of the Director of the World Heritage Centre during parts of the meeting highlighted its importance and strengthened the position of the local authorities as well as their will to act in favour of the old city. It is expected that the impact of this meeting and of its recommendations will generate a number of activities towards the rehabilitation and economic revitalization of the city, which is in a very serious state of deterioration.
A Report on the State of Conservation of the Historic Town of Zabid, prepared by the General Organization for the Preservation of Historic Cities in Yemen (GOPHCY), was received by the World Heritage Centre in February 2005. As concerns the general state of conservation, this report declares that ‘compared with the previous UNESCO reports from 2001 to 2003, the situation has not really changed.’ It does predict, however, that the sewerage project will be completed by October 2005, that studies on the storm-water drainage and leveling of the streets and squares have been completed and that implementation of the works is due to start in April 2005. Restoration work is under way on a number of monuments (Bab El-Qurtub Gate, Al-Ashaer Mosque, Citadel). The local branch of GOPHCY is drafting a comprehensive action plan, due to be submitted for official approval before summer 2005, to solve the problem of illegal constructions by means of a long-term compensation scheme and the removal of such violations within the public spaces of the city.
The Urban Conservation Plan elaborated by UNESCO experts still misses some components, notably the implementation of the inventory. In the meantime, the Ministry of Public Works has finalized an Urban Development Plan which provides for a one km buffer zone, an articulation zone, and an area for the development of a new urban settlement on the north-eastern side of the city. This Plan has been adopted by means of a decree and it has to be completed with the detailed Conservation Plan within six months from the adoption of the decree (April 2005).
Decision Adopted: 29COM 7A.19
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29. COM/7A,
2. Recalling Decision 28 COM 15A.20 taken at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),
3. Commends the State Party of Yemen on the progress it has made over the past year in halting illegal constructions,
4. Regrets, while appreciating the adoption of the urban development plan, that it does not integrate the urban regulations drafted for the historic core nor the conservation plan;
5. Strongly urges the State Party to complete and adopt the Conservation Plan;
6. Encourages the State Party to define, in cooperation with the World Heritage Centre, an action plan for the socio-economic revitalization of the city, thus helping in the safeguarding of the heritage, in implementing the recommendations of the Stakeholders’ Meeting for the safeguarding of the historic town of Zabid (Yemen, 13-15 December 2004);
7. Requests the State Party to submit, by 1 February 2006, a report on progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations, for examination by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006).8. Decides to retain Historic Town of Zabid (Yemen) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.