1.         Everglades National Park (United States of America) (N 76)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (viii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1993-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/76/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/76/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/76/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2005

The State Party submitted a report dated 27 January 2005 which provides an update on efforts in addressing previously identified threats to the integrity of the property.

In relation to alterations of the hydrological regime and impacts from adjacent urban growth, it is reported that new federal appropriations for 2005 include approximately US$138 million for the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Project (CERP) and associated restoration projects. The State Party reported that the State of Florida recently announced an initiative fund to accelerate elements of CERP, and a commitment of more than US $1.5 billion. The State Party noted that the United States Congress authorized a project to address park restoration needs along the eastern boundary of the national park. Specifically, this project is intended to slow and limit water loss from the park through ground water seepage, and to restore more natural water flows and levels. It is reported that on 23 December 2004, the President of the United States signed Public Law 108-483 authorizing the exchange of certain lands in Everglades National Park as a crucial step in the implementation of this restoration project. The State Party also reports an increase in the numbers of Cape Sable Seaside Sparrows, an endangered bird that is considered as an indicator species of biological recovery: numbers rose from 3216 birds in 2003 to 3584 birds in 2004.

The State of Florida and the park authorities have carried out significant efforts to monitor water quality entering the park and there is regular reporting on nutrient pollution from agricultural activities, in an effort to reduce phosphorus levels in waters discharged into the Everglades. In addition, the State of Florida recently announced plans to accelerate petitions under the CERP, including the possible addition of 18,000 acres of additional storm water treatment areas upstream of the park.

The State Party reported a general lowering of water salinity and reductions in the sizes of algae blooms due to increased fresh water entry into Florida bay through localized rainfall and through drainage from more northern areas of the park. This suggests that attempts to restore water flows through the extent of the park, once they are made operational, will be effective in helping to restore the ecological balance of the bay.

IUCN was informed that the National Research Council has urged federal and state agencies to accelerate acquisition or protection of land crucial to the recovery of Florida's Everglades before it becomes developed or too expensive.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN


Decision Adopted: 29 COM 7A.10

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7A and having noted the conclusions of Document WHC-05/29.COM/11A,

2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15A.11, adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Notes the detailed report by the State Party of United States of America provided on 27 January 2005 on the progress made on the different programmes to restore and conserve this property;

4. Commends the State Party for efforts made in enhancing the state of conservation of Everglades National Park and for securing additional financial resources to address the threats to the property;

5. Requests the State Party to report by 1 February 2006, for examination of the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006), on how the threats have been met, in order to guide the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;

6. Decides to retain Everglades National Park (United States of America) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 29 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined the of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-05/29.COM/7A and WHC-05/29.COM/7A.Add),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: