Year of inscription on the World Heritage List
Group of Monuments at Hampi: 1986
Group of Monuments at Hampi: (i)(iii)(iv)
Previous Committee Decisions:
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
See page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
The inclusion of the Groups of Monuments at Hampi on the List of World Heritage in Danger was prompted by the construction of two suspension bridges which dominate the natural environment and threaten the World Heritage site's integrity. The construction of a road towards one of the bridges will result in a major increase in heavy goods traffic and has already resulted in the dismantling and reconstruction of an important historic monument - a mandapa (a pillared stone rest-house) within the borders of the site. This dislocation signifies serious problems in the implementation of cultural heritage policies and regulations.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
a) Sustainable conservation management mechanism for the whole property with adequate technical staffing;
b) Adequate traffic regulations;
c) Revision of major construction projects
Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures
In time for the 31st session of the World Heritage Committee in 2007 (1 February 2007)
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 92,370USD
|2003||Emergency assistance to elaborate a management plan for Hampi World Heritage site in Danger||75,000 USD|
|2001|| Study trip of Indian site management authorities of Hampi W H Property in Danger to U K to increase national and local capacity for enhanced management (NOT IMPLEMENTED)
Reapproval: 09 Apr, 2002 (n°1522 - 17,370 USD)
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: Funding under the France-UNESCO Convention for French expert missions (2003, 2005 and 2006) for an amount of 14,000 Euros.
Previous monitoring missions
First ICOMOS-World Heritage Centre reactive monitoring mission in 2000; expert technical assessment mission in 2001; World Heritage Centre and experts advisory missions in 2003 and 2004; ICOMOS-World Heritage Centre advisory mission in August 2005.
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Infrastructure construction near inscribed monuments;
b) Lack of management mechanism;
c) Lack of building and land-use regulations;
d) Tourism development pressures.
Current conservation issues
A series of consultative meetings were organised from 3 to 6 August 2005 in Hampi and Bangalore, financed under the World Heritage Fund,to review the management planning process. Through the active participation of ICOMOS, the World Heritage Centre and participants from national and local government, an effective long-term management plan for the conservation of the values of the property has been prepared.
The draft of the integrated management plan (IMP) for the property, in six detailed volumes, was received on 15 January 2006 and has been transmitted to the Advisory Bodies as well as to other concerned international experts for comments.
The IMP for the property has been developed in close consultation with all stakeholders and focuses clearly on the challenges which the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority faces, and describes policies, strategies, and actions required at different levels to bring the Management Plan into full and effective use. It is now being circulated to stakeholder groups and administrative authorities for comment prior to finalising.
ICOMOS deems the pre-final IMP to be a most comprehensive integrated management plan and a model of excellence. However, the quality of the IMP is slightly impaired by the treatment of the statement of significance, a critical point in providing a decision-making reference in a management plan. In view of a possible future re-nomination, a more appropriate understanding of World Heritage criteria is needed. Furthermore, there is no reference made to the authenticity or integrity of the value of the site.
On 31 March 2006, the State Party submitted a brief progress report, as was requested by the 29th session of the Committee, describing the efforts devoted to the IMP. It also refers to the regular conservation measures being undertaken to preserve the vast archaeological remains. However, the State Party has not yet submitted the traffic regulationsto deter heavy traffic from the core area of the site. The establishment of these regulations would constitute the condition for resumption the construction of the Anegundi Bridge.
While the revision of the structural sounding of the Anegundi Bridge is being carried out after the seven year suspension of works and consequent exposure to air and water, a more harmonious design could be sought to ensure the integrity, if feasible in terms of structural conditions, before the final resumption of the construction.
ICOMOS notes that the progress report does not make any detailed reference to crucial issues at stake such as the completion of the Anegundi Bridge foreseen by the Karnataka State Public Works Department upon meeting the mentioned preconditions, the commercial complex-cum-interpretation centre by HUDCO, and the management of the Hampi Bazaar around Virupaksha Temple. However, the IMP offers a good analysis of these issues and provides useful and revealing insights into each of these. The analysis of retail outlets suggests that there is little market potential for the development of the intended commercial complex.
A second training session for the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority and its town-planners was held in February 2006, under the France-UNESCO Convention, in view of establishing cadastral maps and building regulations as a basis for a Master Plan to enable building activities to be monitored within and around the property.
Following the recommendations of the 27th and 28th sessions of the World Heritage Committee and the recent missions, the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority has recruited a conservation architect in 2006 to assist with the implementation of the IMP and the future Master Plan. The conservation architect is the first of several professionals to be recruited in order to make the technical unit of the HWHAMA fully operational.
Decision Adopted: 30COM 7A.24
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-06/30.COM/7A,
2. Recalling Decision 29 COM 7A.22, adopted at its 29th session (Durban, 2005),
3. Commends the State Party for the strong progress made towards the effective management of the property, as well as for the quality of the draft Integrated Management Plan (IMP);
4. Further commends the State Party for having suspended the work on the commercial complex-and-interpretation centre and for the decision to identify an alternate location for the complex;
5. Notes the progress in the preparation of urban building regulations for the villages in the core zone, as well as the steps taken towards the preparation of the Master Plan for the regulation of development activities within the World Heritage area;
6. Takes note of the completion of the bypass road which will divert heavy vehicles away from the core zone and the efforts made by the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority for the preparation of traffic control regulations;
7. Expresses its concern about the substantial increase of illegal construction in the core zone;
8. Requests the State Party to promptly undertake the following actions:
a) Finalize, officially adopt and implement the Integrated Management Plan (IMP);
b) Provide adequate staffing and financial resources to the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority and its technical unit, in order to ensure the rapid and comprehensive implementation of the IMP;
c) Rehabilitate the abandoned construction site of the commercial complex-and-interpretation centre, restore its former land-use, and submit information on the alternative location of the complex to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for examination;
d) Establish and officially adopt urban building regulations, as well as a heritage-based Master Plan, including land-use regulations;
e) Exert strict control over illegal construction in the core zone;
f) Officially adopt traffic regulations to ban heavy duty vehicular traffic from the World Heritage area and to submit these regulations to the World Heritage Centre;
g) Reconsider and adapt the design and dimensions of the Anegundi Bridge in view of respecting the visual integrity of the property;
h) Appropriately address the statement of significance as an amendment to the finalized IMP once the cultural resource mapping presently being undertaken by HWHAMA is completed, and this by 1 February 2008;
i) Invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission to assess the progress made and to report to the World Heritage Committee at its 31st session in 2007.
9. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2007, the completed IMP, together with a detailed progress report on the state of conservation of the property, including the state of implementation of the IMP and all above-mentioned actions, for examination by the Committee at its 31st session in 2007;
10. Decides to remove the Group of Monuments at Hampi (India) from the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 30COM 8C.3
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-06/30.COM/7A and WHC-06/30.COM/7A.Add.Rev),
2. Decides to remove the following properties from the List of World Heritage in Danger:
• Algeria, Tipasa (Decision 30 COM 7A.18)
• Germany, Cologne Cathedral (Decision 30 COM 7A.30)
• India, Groups of Monuments at Hampi (Decision 30 COM 7A.24)
• Senegal, Djoudj Bird Sanctuary (Decision 30 COM 7A.11)
• Tunisia, Ichkeul National Park (Decision 30 COM 7A.12)