Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1996
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/765/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/765/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
IUCN fact-finding mission 1997; UNESCO/IUCN mission 2004
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Illegal salmon fishing
b) Gold mining
c) Gas pipeline
d) Development of a geothermal power station
e) Forest fires
f) Boundary changes
g) Construction of the Esso-Palana road
Illustrative material see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/765/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2007
The joint UNESCO/IUCN mission requested by the Committee at its 30th session could not take place and is expected to be scheduled in August or September 2007. Hence, the outcome of this mission will be reported at the 32nd session in 2008.
The State Party provided a detailed report to the World Heritage Centre on 10 March 2007, as requested by the Committee at its 30th Session in 2006. This report responded to a number of the recommendations of the 2004 monitoring mission and information requested by the Committee in previous decisions.
a) Staffing levels
The State Party reported an increase in overall staff numbers for the state institutions which govern different portions of the property: from 85 to 98 over the period 2005-2007. However, the property continues to have difficulties maintaining sufficient numbers of inspectors. Although the total number of inspectors has increased from 29 in 2006 to 36 in 2007, for the Kronotsky Reserve there are 10 vacancies out of the 31 positions for inspectors. The State Party reports that additional inspection stations are needed to control and monitor visitors.
The State Party is managing fires by raising ecological awareness and equipping eco-trails with fire places. Most fires are caused by visitors as reflected by their location, with 16 recorded fires in 2006 in the Bystrinsky Nature Park and not in the other parks and reserves which make up the property.
The State Party has not recorded any salmon poaching in Kronotsky Reserve, Kluchevskoy and Bystrinsky Nature Parks. However, salmon poaching is widespread over the Kamchatka Region. Poaching controls during the fishing season include checkpoints on highways, and random checks by inspectors. There have also been some cases of illegal hunting for fur animals and bighorn sheep. The inspectors are receiving assistance from certified local hunters to control poaching.
The State Party has also reported on the following issues relating to the property:
Whilst the information above is important, the State Party has not reported on a number of issues highlighted by the 2004 UNESCO/IUCN mission and in the Committee’s decisions from 2005 and 2006, including:
These issues will be examined by the 2007 mission.
The State Party also reported on a recent court decision that may affect conservation efforts on the property. Whilst a complex system of regulations for the protection of the property was foreseen in the Regional Program Ecology and Nature Resources of the Kamchatka Region (2005-2010), and approved by the regional government of Kamchatka (Decree 436 of November 2004), this regional programme was challenged in court and canceled for contradicting the Federal Legislation on specially protected areas. The implications of this court decision on the effective protection and management of the property are not discussed in the State Party report and require clarification.
The World Heritage Centre and IUCN welcome the detailed information provided by the State Party on the ongoing research in the property and requests copies of research reports when available, in particular on the status of salmon populations. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN also request the State Party to provide quantitative information on poaching, hunting, logging and controls of these activities to aid monitoring of threats, as well as copies of the management plans for the components of this property.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN
Decision Adopted: 31 COM 7B.26
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM/7B.Add,
2. Recalling Decision 30 COM 7B.25, adopted at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006),
3. Notes that the State Party has not reported on some of the specific issues raised in the 2004 UNESCO/IUCN mission report, as requested by the Committee at its 29th and 30th sessions;
4. Welcomes the increase in the number of inspectors working in the property, whilst encouraging the State Party to fill-up all vacant positions of inspectors, particularly in the Kronotsky Reserve, so as to enhance patrolling and control in the property;
5. Requests the State Party to provide to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN copies of the management plans for the different components of the property, as well as specific information on the status of salmon populations and habitats, interagency cooperation to control illegal logging and hunting activities, and the implications on the conservation of the property of the Kamchatka Regional Court decision, which has cancelled the programme Ecology and Nature Resources of the Kamchatka Region (2005-2010);
6. Also requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with an updated report by 1 February 2008 on the state of conservation of the property, including progress made in implementing the recommendations of previous Committee decisions, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd session in 2008.