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World Heritage List

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States Parties
Year    Name of the property    Country    Type    Region    Property (ha)    ID
1984 Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada 1 ES C EUR 0 314
2007 Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe * ES N EUR 92,023 1133
2016 Antequera Dolmens Site ES C EUR 2,446 1501
2001 Aranjuez Cultural Landscape ES C EUR 2,048 1044
1993 Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida ES C EUR 31 664
2000 Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco ES C EUR 33 875
2000 Archaeological Site of Atapuerca ES C EUR 284 989
1984 Burgos Cathedral ES C EUR 1 316
2018 Caliphate City of Medina Azahara ES C EUR 111 1560
2000 Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí ES C EUR 8 988
1987 Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville ES C EUR 12 383
1985 Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain ES C EUR 0 310
2011 Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana ES C EUR 30,745 1371
1994 Doñana National Park ES N EUR 54,252 685
1986 Garajonay National Park ES N EUR 3,984 380
2012 Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija * ES C EUR 104 1313
1984 Historic Centre of Cordoba 2 ES C EUR 0 313
1986 Historic City of Toledo ES C EUR 260 379
1996 Historic Walled Town of Cuenca ES C EUR 23 781
1999 Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture ES M EUR 9,020 417
1996 La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia ES C EUR 0 782
1997 Las Médulas ES C EUR 2,208 803
1984 Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid ES C EUR 94 318
1985 Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias 3 ES C EUR 0 312
1986 Mudejar Architecture of Aragon 4 ES C EUR 4 378
1988 Old City of Salamanca ES C EUR 51 381
1985 Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches ES C EUR 36 348
1986 Old Town of Cáceres ES C EUR 9 384
1985 Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct ES C EUR 134 311
1997 Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona ES C EUR 7 804
2000 Palmeral of Elche ES C EUR 0 930
1991 Poblet Monastery ES C EUR 18 518
1998 Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde * 5 ES C EUR 0 866
1997 Pyrénées - Mont Perdu * ES M EUR 30,639 773
2003 Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza ES C EUR 9 522
1998 Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula ES C EUR 0 874
2000 Roman Walls of Lugo 6 ES C EUR 2 987
1993 Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Camino Francés and Routes of Northern Spain ES C EUR 0 669
1993 Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe ES C EUR 1 665
1999 San Cristóbal de La Laguna ES C EUR 60 929
1997 San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries ES C EUR 19 805
1985 Santiago de Compostela (Old Town) ES C EUR 108 347
2007 Teide National Park ES N EUR 18,990 1258
2009 Tower of Hercules ES C EUR 233 1312
1998 University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares ES C EUR 0 876
2006 Vizcaya Bridge ES C EUR 1 1217
1984 Works of Antoni Gaudí 7 ES C EUR 0 320
  1. Extension of the "Alhambra and the Generalife, Granada", to include the Albayzin quarter.

  2. Extension of the "Mosque of Cordoba".

  3. Extension of the "Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias", to include monuments in the city of Oviedo.

  4. Extension of the "Mudejar Architecture of Teruel".

  5. Extension de « Sites d'art rupestre préhistorique de la vallée de Côa », Portugal

  6. Following a survey of ownership carried out in the late 1960s, ownership of the totality of the walls was vested in 1973 in the Spanish State, through the Ministry of Education and Science. It was transferred to the Xunta de Galicia by Royal Decree in 1994.

     The Spanish Constitution reserves certain rights in relation to the heritage to the central government. However, these are delegated to the competent agencies in the Autonomous Communities, in this case the Xunta de Galicia. For the Lugo walls the Xunta is in the position of both owner and competent agency. Under the Galician Heritage Law the Xunta is required to cooperate with the municipal authorities in ensuring the protection and conservation of listed monuments, and certain functions are delegated down to them. The Xunta operates through its General Directorate of Cultural Heritage (Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural), based in Santiago de Compostela.

    The Master Plan for the Conservation and Restoration of the Roman Walls of Lugo (1992) covered proposals for actions to be taken in respect of research and techniques of restoration. This was followed in 1997 by the Special Plan for the Protection and Internal Reform of the Fortified Enceinte of the Town of Lugo, which is concerned principally with the urban environment of the historic town. However, it has a direct impact on the protection afforded to the walls, in terms of traffic planning, the creation of open spaces, and regulation of building heights. Another planning instrument which affects the walls is the Special Plan for the Protection of the Miño [river], approved by the municipality at the beginning of 1998.

    There is at the present time no management plan sensu stricto for the walls in operation in Lugo: work is continuing on the basis of the 1992 plan. Nor is there a technical unit specifically responsible for the conservation and restoration of the walls. It is against this background that serious consideration is being given to the creation of an independent foundation, under royal patronage and with representatives from government, academic, voluntary, and business institutions, to work with the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage of Galicia. The work plan of this body would include the development and implementation of integrated conservation, restoration, and maintenance programmes.

  7. The property “Parque Güell, Palacio Güell and Casa Mila in Barcelona”, previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the “Works of Antoni Gaudí”.

*: transboundary property

Official World Heritage List in other formats


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Category of site
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site

Site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site

Order World Heritage List
Wall Map

A large format full-colour map is available in English, French and Spanish. The dimensions of the map are 78cm by 50cm (31 in. by 20 in.).