World Heritage List
- Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada 1
- Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe *
- Antequera Dolmens Site
- Aranjuez Cultural Landscape
- Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida
- Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco
- Archaeological Site of Atapuerca
- Burgos Cathedral
- Caliphate City of Medina Azahara
- Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí
- Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville
- Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
- Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana
- Doñana National Park
- Garajonay National Park
- Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija *
- Historic Centre of Cordoba 2
- Historic City of Toledo
- Historic Walled Town of Cuenca
- Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture
- La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia
- Las Médulas
- Monastery and Site of the Escurial, Madrid
- Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of the Asturias 3
- Mudejar Architecture of Aragon 4
- Old City of Salamanca
- Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches
- Old Town of Cáceres
- Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct
- Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona
- Palmeral of Elche
- Poblet Monastery
- Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde * 5
- Pyrénées - Mont Perdu *
- Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza
- Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula
- Roman Walls of Lugo 6
- Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Camino Francés and Routes of Northern Spain
- Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe
- San Cristóbal de La Laguna
- San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries
- Santiago de Compostela (Old Town)
- Teide National Park
- Tower of Hercules
- University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares
- Vizcaya Bridge
- Works of Antoni Gaudí 7
Extension of the "Alhambra and the Generalife, Granada", to include the Albayzin quarter.
Extension of the "Mosque of Cordoba".
Extension of the "Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias", to include monuments in the city of Oviedo.
Extension of the "Mudejar Architecture of Teruel".
Extension de « Sites d'art rupestre préhistorique de la vallée de Côa », Portugal
Following a survey of ownership carried out in the late 1960s, ownership of the totality of the walls was vested in 1973 in the Spanish State, through the Ministry of Education and Science. It was transferred to the Xunta de Galicia by Royal Decree in 1994.
The Spanish Constitution reserves certain rights in relation to the heritage to the central government. However, these are delegated to the competent agencies in the Autonomous Communities, in this case the Xunta de Galicia. For the Lugo walls the Xunta is in the position of both owner and competent agency. Under the Galician Heritage Law the Xunta is required to cooperate with the municipal authorities in ensuring the protection and conservation of listed monuments, and certain functions are delegated down to them. The Xunta operates through its General Directorate of Cultural Heritage (Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural), based in Santiago de Compostela.
The Master Plan for the Conservation and Restoration of the Roman Walls of Lugo (1992) covered proposals for actions to be taken in respect of research and techniques of restoration. This was followed in 1997 by the Special Plan for the Protection and Internal Reform of the Fortified Enceinte of the Town of Lugo, which is concerned principally with the urban environment of the historic town. However, it has a direct impact on the protection afforded to the walls, in terms of traffic planning, the creation of open spaces, and regulation of building heights. Another planning instrument which affects the walls is the Special Plan for the Protection of the Miño [river], approved by the municipality at the beginning of 1998.
There is at the present time no management plan sensu stricto for the walls in operation in Lugo: work is continuing on the basis of the 1992 plan. Nor is there a technical unit specifically responsible for the conservation and restoration of the walls. It is against this background that serious consideration is being given to the creation of an independent foundation, under royal patronage and with representatives from government, academic, voluntary, and business institutions, to work with the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage of Galicia. The work plan of this body would include the development and implementation of integrated conservation, restoration, and maintenance programmes.
The property “Parque Güell, Palacio Güell and Casa Mila in Barcelona”, previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the “Works of Antoni Gaudí”.
Official World Heritage List in other formats
Global StatisticsOfficial World Heritage List Statistics
Category of site
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
Site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
Order World Heritage List
A large format full-colour map is available in English, French and Spanish. The dimensions of the map are 78cm by 50cm (31 in. by 20 in.).