jump to the content

Plitvice Lakes National Park

Plitvice Lakes National Park

The waters flowing over the limestone and chalk have, over thousands of years, deposited travertine barriers, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls. These geological processes continue today. The forests in the park are home to bears, wolves and many rare bird species.

Parc national Plitvice

Les eaux, qui s'écoulent à travers les roches dolomitiques et calcaires, ont déposé au cours des millénaires des barrières de travertin, formant des barrages naturels qui sont à l'origine d'une série de lacs, de cavernes et de chutes d'eau de toute beauté. Ces processus géologiques se poursuivent de nos jours. Les forêts du parc abritent des ours, des loups et de nombreuses espèces d'oiseaux rares.

منتزه بليفيس الوطني

على مرّ آلاف السنين، خلّفت المياه التي تجري عبر صخور دولوميتيّة وكلسيّة حواجز من صخور ترافرتين الكلسيّة تشكّل سدوداً طبيعيّة أدّت إلى تكوّن سلسلة من البحيرات والكهوف والشلالات الرائعة. وتستمر هذه العمليّات الجيولوجيّة حتّى يومنا هذا. وفي غابات المنتزه دببة وذئاب والعديد من أصناف العصافير النادرة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

布里特威斯湖国家公园

数千年来流经石灰石和白垩上的水,逐渐沉积为石灰华屏障,构成一道道天然堤坝,这些堤坝又形成了一个个美丽的湖泊、洞穴和瀑布。这种地质作用至今仍在继续进行。公园里的森林是熊、狼和许多稀有鸟类的家园。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Плитвицкие озера

Подземные воды, протекавшие через известняковые породы на протяжении тысячелетий, сформировали травертиновые барьеры, что привело к образованию целого каскада живописных озер, водопадов и пещер. Этот геологический процесс продолжается и по сей день. Здешние леса дают приют медведям, волкам и множеству редких птиц.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque nacional de Plitvice

Al discurrir a través de rocas dolomíticas y calcáreas, las aguas de este parque han depositado a lo largo de milenios barreras de roca travertina, creando así presas naturales que han dado lugar a la formación de toda una serie de lagos, cavernas y cascadas de gran belleza. Este proceso de formación geológica prosigue en nuestros días. Los bosques de este sitio albergan osos, lobos y numerosas especies raras de aves.

source: UNESCO/ERI

プリトヴィッチェ湖群国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Plitvice meren

Het Nationaal park Plitvice meren bevat een aantal prachtige meren, grotten en watervallen. Ze zijn gevormd door processen die typisch zijn voor karstlandschappen zoals de afzetting van travertijn (een soort kalksteen) barrières, die natuurlijke dammen creëren. Door een natuurlijke vorming van travertijn en dammen zijn er 16 meren ontstaan, verdeeld in boven- en ondermeren. De bovenste meren liggen in een dolomietvallei, omgeven door dichte bossen en met elkaar verbonden door talrijke watervallen. De onderste meren zijn kleiner en ondieper en worden omringd door kreupelhout. Het gebied is rijk aan fauna , waaronder de Europese bruine beer, wolf en zeldzame vogelsoorten zoals de oehoe en het auerhoen.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
Plitvice Lakes National Park © UNESCO
Long Description

Plitvice Lakes National Park contains a series of beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls. These have been formed by processes typical of karst landscapes such as the deposition of travertine barriers, creating natural dams. These geological processes continue today.

The Plitvice Lakes basin is a geomorphologic formation of biological origin, a karst river basin of limestone and dolomite, with approximately 20 lakes, created by the deposition of calcium carbonate precipitated in water through the agency of moss, algae and aquatic bacteria. These create strange, characteristic shapes and contain travertine-roofed and vaulted caves. The carbonates date from the Upper Trias, Juras and Cretaceous Ages and are up to 4,000 m thick. In order to maintain and preserve the natural characteristics of the lakes, the whole of surface and most of the subterranean drainage system has to be embraced by extending the original borders of the park. The new areas comprise layers of karstified limestone with dolomites of Jurassic age.

There are 16 interlinked lakes between Mala Kapela Mountain and Pljesevica Mountain. The lake system is divided into the upper and lower lakes: the upper lakes lie in a dolomite valley and are surrounded by thick forests and interlinked by numerous waterfalls; the lower lakes, smaller and shallower, lie on the limestone bedrock and are surrounded only by sparse underbrush. The upper lakes are separated by dolomite barriers, which grow with the formation of travertine, forming thus travertine barriers. Travertine is mostly formed on the spots where water falls from an elevation, by the incrustation of algae and moss with calcium carbonate. The lower lakes were formed by crumbling and caving-in of the vaults above subterranean cavities through which water of the upper lakes disappeared.

The forest, that comprises pure stands of beech at lower altitudes and mixed stands of beech and fir at higher levels, can also be classified in terms of underlying strata of dolomite and limestone complexes. The dolomite communities comprise tertiary pine, hornbeam, spruce and beech-fir forests. The limestone communities have a smaller number of forest types but cover a larger area with communities of spruce and fern, spruce in beech, coppiced hornbeam with sumac, maple and heather. Hydrophytic communities of black alder, grey ivy, willow, reeds and bulrush communities are found. There are a large mosaic of meadow communities, depending on altitude, geology soils and other ecological factors.

The area is fauna-rich, including European brown bear, wolf, eagle owl and capercaillie. There are records of 126 species of bird, of which 70 breed.

The area was the cradle of the prehistoric Illyrian tribe of Japuds dating from 1000 BC. The Japudic culture was followed by the Romans and from the 8th century AD was occupied by Slavs. Archaeological remains include a prehistoric settlement on the site of the current Plitvice village, fortifications, Bronze Age tools and ceramics.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Plitvice Lakes were declared public property by the law of 8 April 1949, and a national park in the Official Journal (Narodne novine) NO.29 1949. Accepted as a World Heritage site in 1979 .

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation
Notes
  • Property inscribed for both geological and ecological values under natural criterion N (ii) before 1994. Criterion N (i) [Operational Guidelines 2002] was added. For more details see Decision 30.COM 8D.1.