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Abu Mena

Abu Mena

The church, baptistry, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses and workshops in this early Christian holy city were built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in A.D. 296.

Abou Mena

Ville sainte paléochrétienne, Abou Mena, bâtie sur la tombe du martyr Ménas d'Alexandrie, mort en 296, a conservé son église, son baptistère, ses basiliques, ses établissements publics, ses rues, ses monastères, ses maisons et ses ateliers.

أبو مينا

مدينة أبو مينا المسيحيّة القديمة التي بُنيت على قبر الشهيد الإسكندري مار مينا المتوفّي عام 296 حافظت على ما فيها من كنيسة وبيت عماد وبازيليك ومؤسسات عامة وشوارع وأديرة ومنازل ومشاغل.

source: UNESCO/ERI

阿布米那基督教遗址

这座早期基督教圣城中的教堂、洗礼池、长方形会堂、公共建筑、街道、修道院、民居和工场,都是以亚历山大大帝时期的殉教者、死于公元296年的米纳斯(Menas)的坟墓为基础建立起来的。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Раннехристианские памятники в Абу-Мена

Церковь, баптистерий, базилики, общественные сооружения, улицы, монастыри, жилые дома и мастерские в этом раннехристианском священном городе были построены над местом нахождения гробницы, где был захоронен мученик Мина Александрийский, умерший в 296 г. н.э.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Abu Mena

Ciudad santa paleocristiana, Abu Mena fue edificada sobre la tumba del mártir Menas de Alejandría, muerto en el año 296 d.C. Se conservan la iglesia, el baptisterio, las basílicas, los edificios públicos, las calles, los monasterios, las viviendas y los talleres.

source: UNESCO/ERI

アブ・メナ

source: NFUAJ

Abu Mena

Abu Mena ligt ten zuiden van Alexandrië, tussen Wadi el-Natrun en Alexandrië zelf. De kerk, doopkapel, basilieken, openbare gebouwen, straten, kloosters, huizen en werkplaatsen in deze vroegchristelijke heilige stad werden gebouwd boven het graf van de martelaar Menas van Alexandrië, die stierf in het jaar 296. Menas was een Alexandrijnse soldaat die opkwam voor de christenen en zijn christendom in het openbaar verklaarde. Hierdoor was de oase rond 600 uitgegroeid tot een bedevaartstad. De grote basiliek werd in de 5e eeuw gebouwd voor het toenemende aantal christelijke pelgrims.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

Abu Mena is located south of Alexandria, between Wadi el-Natrun and Alexandria itself. The church, baptistry, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses and workshops in this early Christian holy city were built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in AD 296.

Built in the 3rd century, the monastery commemorates an Alexandrine soldier, Menas, who was an officer in Diocletian's army. Menas refused to kill any Christian after his army won. He declared his Christianity publicly, which was a tremendous motive for other Christians to bear the suffering and abuse from Diocletian's army. Legend has it that Menas's remains were brought back from Phrygia by camel and were buried where the animal refused to walk any more. Water welled up in the desert at that spot, filling the area with vines and olive trees, as a result of which it is known as St Menas's Vineyards.

Archaeological excavations since 1900 have revealed that Abu Mena grew rapidly in the course of the 5th and 6th centuries. By 600 the oasis had become a pilgrimage city, centred on the great basilica complex. Archaeological excavations revealed an entire town with houses and cemeteries. They even found the house of the potters who made flasks, their shop, and the remains of some flasks, lamps and toys.

Built in the 5th century to accommodate the increasing number of Christian pilgrims, the Thermal Basilica used to store the curative waters used for the heated baths and pools surrounding the basilica. Pilgrims would fill small clay flasks (ampullae) with water from the basilica. The flasks were stamped with the seal of St Menas, showing the martyr standing between two kneeling camels. During the 5th and 6th centuries many buildings were erected around the Thermal Basilica, including a monastery on its north side.

The Basilica of Arcadius was built in the 5th century and is in the centre of a beautiful complex just south of Alexandria in Karm Abu Menas. Its roof is supported with 56 marble columns. The baptistry is located at the western end of the basilica with corners rounded in semicircular, polychrome marble niches. This is the only Coptic monument that shows the use of these elements in ancient Christian architecture. A church located at the west side of the basilica has strong Egyptian and Byzantine architectural influences.

St Menas is considered to be the best-known saint in the East and the West. That is evident by the fact that numerous ampullae have been discovered in many places around the world, including Heidelberg (Germany), Milan (Italy), Yugoslavia, Marseilles (France), Dengela (Sudan) and Jerusalem.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC