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Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley

Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley

The Vézère valley contains 147 prehistoric sites dating from the Palaeolithic and 25 decorated caves. It is particularly interesting from an ethnological and anthropological, as well as an aesthetic point of view because of its cave paintings, especially those of the Lascaux Cave, whose discovery in 1940 was of great importance for the history of prehistoric art. The hunting scenes show some 100 animal figures, which are remarkable for their detail, rich colours and lifelike quality.

Sites préhistoriques et grottes ornées de la vallée de la Vézère

Le site préhistorique de la vallée de la Vézère comporte 147 gisements remontant jusqu'au paléolithique et 25 grottes ornées. Il présente un intérêt exceptionnel d'un point de vue ethnologique, anthropologique et esthétique avec ses peintures pariétales, en particulier celles de la grotte de Lascaux dont la découverte (en 1940) a marqué une date dans l'histoire de l'art préhistorique. Ses scènes de chasse habilement composées comprennent une centaine de figures animales, étonnantes par la précision de l'observation, la richesse des coloris et la vivacité du rendu.

مواقع عائدة لفترة ما قبل التاريخ ومغاور مزينة في وادي فيزير

يضمّ موقع وادي فيزير العائد لفترة ما قبل التاريخ 147 منجماَ معدنياً يعود للعصر الحجري القديم و25 مغارة مزيّنة. ويثير هذا الموقع أهميةً بالغة من الناحية السلالية والثقافية-الإنسانية والجمالية برسوم جدارياته، لاسيما جداريات مغارة لاسكو التي شكّل اكتشافها (عام 1940) حقبة هامة في تاريخ الفن العائد لعصور ما قبل التاريخ. وتتضمّن صور الصيد التي رُسمت ببراعة مئات الصور الحيوانية التي تُدُهش بوضوح ملاحظتها وغنى ألوانها، وحيوية تعبيرها.

source: UNESCO/ERI

韦泽尔峡谷洞穴群与史前遗迹

韦泽尔峡谷包括147个旧石器时代的史前遗址和25个内有壁画的洞穴。这里无论是从民族学、人类学还是美学角度来看,都非常令人感兴趣,因为这里的壁画,特别是1940年发现的拉斯科洞岩壁画,对研究人类史前艺术史有着非常重要的意义。壁画中的打猎场面有约100种动物形象,描绘细致,色彩丰富,栩栩如生。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Наскальные рисунки в пещерах по реке Везер

В долине реки Везер обнаружено 147 доисторических стоянок, относящихся ко времени палеолита, и 25 пещер с наскальными рисунками. Наибольший интерес с этнологической, антропологической и эстетической точек зрения представляют наскальные росписи, особенно находящиеся в пещере Ласко, открытие которой в 1940 г. имело особую важность для изучения доисторического искусства. Сцены охоты, изображающие около 100 фигур животных, выделяются своей детальностью, богатством цветов и реалистичностью.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Sitios prehistóricos y cuevas con pinturas del valle del Vézère

El sitio prehistórico del valle del Vézère comprende 147 yacimientos arqueológicos y 25 cuevas ornadas con pinturas parietales, que ofrecen un interés antropológico y estético excepcional. Las más importantes se hallan en la cueva de Lascaux, cuyo descubrimiento en 1940 marcó un hito en la historia del arte prehistórico. Las escenas de caza representadas en ellas son de una composición admirable y comprenden cien figuras de animales ejecutadas con un agudo sentido de la observación, que asombran por su gran riqueza de colorido y su vívido realismo.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ヴェゼール渓谷の先史時代史跡群と洞窟壁画群

source: NFUAJ

Prehistorische plaatsen en versierde grotten van de Vézère vallei

De Vézère vallei herbergt 147 prehistorische plaatsen uit het paleolithicum en 25 versierde grotten. De plek is etnologisch, antropologisch en esthetisch interessant vanwege de grotschilderingen. Sommige figuratieve ensembles van de Vezère grotten worden algemeen erkend als meesterwerken van prehistorische kunst: de Venus van Laussel (Marquay), de fries van paarden in hoog reliëf van Cap-Blanc en in het bijzonder de muurschilderingen van de grot van Lascaux. De ontdekking hiervan in 1940 was van groot belang voor de geschiedenis van de prehistorische kunst. De jachttaferelen tonen zo’n 100 dierfiguren, bijzonder vanwege hun details, rijke kleuren en levensechte kwaliteit.

Source: unesco.nl

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Lascaux cave © UNESCO
Long Description

The objects and works of art found in the Vézère Valley bear extremely rare witness to long-extinct civilizations which are very difficult to understand. This material is of universal interest as being exceptional from historic as well as ethnological, anthropological and aesthetic points of view. Certain of the figurative ensembles of the caves of the Vézère are universally recognized as masterpieces of prehistoric art: the Venus de Laussel (Marquay), the frieze of horses in high relief of Cap-Blanc, and especially the renamed wall paintings of the Lascaux cave.

The Vézère valley is particularly interesting from an ethnological and anthropological as well as an aesthetic point of view because of its cave paintings, especially those of the Lascaux Cave, the discovery of which in 1940 was of great importance for the history of prehistoric art. The hunting scenes show some 100 animal figures, which are remarkable for their detail, rich colours and lifelike quality.

The prehistoric site covers an area approximately 30 km by 40 km and comprises 147 sites and 25 decorated caves. Besides skeletons, an important collection of objects (more than 500,000 flints, 148 sets of faunal remains, 844 utensils and works of art of various kinds) has been brought together which has made it possible to establish chronological cadre for the prehistoric civilizations of the European Quaternary period. There is no other prehistoric site in any other part of the world which equals site in the quantity, quality and variety of the finds.

Lascaux is far superior to some of the other caves in France and Spain, including Les Trois-Frères, Niaux, Altamira, Font-de-Gaume and Les Combarelles, because Lascaux is much larger than these caves and the artefacts are better preserved. The walls of Lascaux are covered in painted, drawn and engraved animals on the ancient stone, which proved difficult to reach. Scholars calculated that the ground was a different shape 17,000 years ago, so that the paintings on the walls were much easier to reach. The ground had sunk deeper and deeper over the years and made it hard gain access to the prehistoric paintings. When Breuil entered the cave he found that there was a very thick coating of calcite crystals, with some of the best preserved pictures painted on them. All of the paintings have lasted thousands of years without decaying or fading because the natural removal and replacement of the air in Lascaux does not cause deterioration of the paintings.

The animal art found in the caves depicts different species: bulls, bison and horses. Along with the many animals on the walls, there are some signs of human or semi-human representation. The human figures are not as richly defined or carefully executed as is the animal art. The depictions of animals involved in the hunt helped to assure or reassure the hunters of great success.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC