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La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

Built between 1482 and 1533, this group of buildings was originally used for trading in silk (hence its name, the Silk Exchange) and it has always been a centre for commerce. It is a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture. The grandiose Sala de Contratación (Contract or Trading Hall), in particular, illustrates the power and wealth of a major Mediterranean mercantile city in the 15th and 16th centuries.

La Lonja de la Seda de Valence

Construit entre 1482 et 1533, cet ensemble de bâtiments, à l'origine consacré au négoce de la soie (d'où son nom de « Bourse de la soie »), n'a cessé depuis lors de remplir des fonctions commerciales. Chef-d'œuvre du gothique flamboyant, il rappelle, notamment dans la grandiose Sala de Contratación (salle des Cambistes), la puissance et la richesse d'une grande cité marchande méditerranéenne aux XVe et XVIe siècles.

سوق الحرير في فالينسيا

شُيّد هذا المجموع من المباني بين عامي 1482 و1533 وكان مخصصاً في أوّل الأمر لتجارة الحرير فحمل اسم "بورصة الحرير" ولكنّه مذ ذاك لم يتوقّف يؤدي وظائف تجاريّة. وهو تحفةٌ قوطيّة بارزة، يُذكّر بقاعة الصرافة وبقوّة وثروة مدينةٍ تجاريّةٍ متوسطيّةٍ كبيرة في القرنين الخامس والسادس عشر.

source: UNESCO/ERI

瓦伦西亚丝绸交易厅

该建筑群建于公元1482年至1533年间,原用于丝绸贸易,并因此得名为丝绸交易厅,从此,那里一直都是进行商贸交易的中心。作为哥特式晚期的建筑杰作,宏伟的交易大厅还是公元15世纪至16世纪地中海地区主要商业城市权力和财富的象征。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Комплекс зданий Лонха-де-ла-Седа в Валенсии

Сооруженная между 1482 и 1533 гг. эта группа зданий первоначально использовалась для торговли шелком (отсюда ее название – Шелковая биржа). Это место всегда было важным торговым центром. Также эти здания представляют собой шедевр архитектуры поздней готики. Грандиозное помещение Сала-де-Контратасьон (Зал сделок) в наибольшей степени отражает власть и богатство этого крупного торгового города Средиземноморья в период XV-XVI вв.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Lonja de la seda de Valencia

Construido entre 1482 y 1533, este conjunto de edificios se destinó desde un principio al comercio de la seda y desde entonces ha venido desempeñando funciones mercantiles. Obra maestra del gótico flamígero, la lonja y su grandiosa Sala de Contratación ilustran el poderío y la riqueza de una gran ciudad mercantil mediterránea en los siglos XV y XVI.

source: UNESCO/ERI

バレンシアのラ・ロンハ・デ・ラ・セダ

source: NFUAJ

La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia

Deze groep van gebouwen werd gebouwd tussen 1482 en 1533 en oorspronkelijk gebruikt voor de handel in zijde (vandaar de naam zijde-uitwisseling) Ook daarna is het altijd een centrum voor handel geweest. Het is een seculier meesterwerk van laatgotische architectuur. Vooral de grandioze Sala de Contratación (de handelshal) illustreert de macht en rijkdom van deze grote mediterrane koopmansstad in de 15e en 16e eeuw. La Lonja de la Seda is qua architectuur uniek in zijn soort. Daarbij werd het vijf eeuwen lang gebruikt voor hetzelfde doeleinde, waarmee het een weerspiegeling is van het commerciële en financiële verleden van de stad Valencia.

Source: unesco.nl

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La Lonja de la Seda de Valence © UNESCO
Justification for Inscription

The Committee decided to inscribe the nominated property on the basis of cultural criteria (i) and (iv), considering that the site is of outstanding universal value as it is a wholly exceptional example of a secular building in late Gothic style, which dramatically illustrates the power and wealth of one of the great Mediterranean mercantile cities.

Long Description

La Lonja de la Seda de Valencia is an exceptional example of a secular building in late Gothic style, which dramatically illustrates the power and wealth of one of the great Mediterranean mercantile cities. It is aesthetically unique of its kind, because of its fine Gothic architecture and Renaissance decoration of the Mediterranean art of the 15th century. It is a typical representation of the commercial and financial past of the City of Valencia which has been used for the same purpose for five centuries.

In 1469 the decision was taken to build a new Lonja (exchange or market) in Valencia. It was not until 1482 that the city authorities purchased houses on the site chosen for the building, but work began at the end of that year under the direction of the architects Pedro Compte, Juan lborra and Johan Corbera. The entire complex, including the Consulado and the garden, was not finished until 1533, under the direction of Domingo de Urteaga. Its original function was as a trading exchange for oil. It developed into the main maritime trading centre and the silk exchange, and housed the commercial institution known as the Consolat de Mar, which was founded in 1283, and the Taula de Convis i Deposits, a banking institution. At the present time it is still a major trading exchange, now dealing primarily in agricultural products.

The land occupied by the Lonja is rectangular in plan. About half of the total area is covered by the main Sala de Contratación; the Tower (including the Chapel), the Consulado, and the large garden complete the ensemble. The entire building is constructed in limestone from Masarrochos. The Sala de Contratación is a magnificent hall, in Flamboyant Gothic style like the rest of the ensemble. The lofty interior is divided into three main aisles by five rows of slender spiral pillars from which spring the elegant vaulting of the roof. The floor is of different coloured marbles from AIcublas. A Latin inscription in Gothic characters runs round the walls, which proclaims the principles upon which trade within the hall is based: honesty of its traders and justice of its syndics. It is lit by soaring Gothic windows, the external frames of which, like the doors, are exuberantly ornamented, notably by a series of grotesque gargoyles. In the centre of the main facade on the Plaza del Mercado is the imposing doorway, crowned by an image of the Virgen del Rosario, and above the royal arms of Aragon. The same architectonic scheme is repeated at the other end of the hall. This building, like the rest of the ensemble, is crenellated.

Access to the Chapel (dedicated to the Conception of the Virgin), which forms the ground floor of the tower, is from the Sala de Contratación. It is square in plan, with vaulting springing from corner column clusters. Access to the upper floors of the tower is via a remarkable helical stone staircase. The room on the first floor was originally a prison for bankrupt traders.

The Consulado building rises to three storeys: it is now the seat of the Cultural Academy of Valencia and serves as the venue for many exhibitions and other cultural activities. It is a later form of Gothic and equally exuberant in the decoration of its facades, especially on the upper floor, where the windows have highly decorated sills and lintels and are crowned by portrait medallions. The interior is notable for the carved decoration, gilded and painted, in the chamber on the first floor, known as the Cambra Dourada.

The environs of the Lonja retain close links with the history of the building and preserve its role. The large Market Hall, with its metal framing of 1914-28, is built on the site of the original market, whose activities were intimately associated with the Lonja.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

In 1469 the decision was taken to build a new Lonja (exchange or market) in Valencia. It was not until 1482 that the City authorities Purchased houses on the site chosen for the building, but work began at the end of that year under the direction Of the architects Pedro (Pere) Compte, Juan lborra (Yvarra), and Johan Corbera. The main Sala de Contratación (Contract or Trading Hall) and the tower were completed in 1498, and derived its inspiration from the Lonja de Palma de Mallorca, built in 1426-48; the entire complex, including the Consulado (Consolat) and the garden, was not finished until 1533, under the direction of Domingo de Urteaga.

Its original function was as a trading exchange for oil. It developed into the main maritime trading centre and the silk exchange, and housed the commercial institution known as the "Consolat de Mar," which was founded in 1283, and the Taula de Convis i Deposits, a banking institution established in 1408 and named after the table (taula) over which its transactions took place. At the present time it is still a major trading exchange, now dealing primarily in agricultural products.

The Lonja is also the seat of the Cultural Academy of Valencia. As such it serves as the venue for many exhibitions and other cultural activities.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation