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W National Park of Niger

W National Park of Niger

The part of 'W' National Park that lies in Niger is situated in a transition zone between savannah and forest lands and represents important ecosystem characteristics of the West African Woodlands/Savannah Biogeographical Province. The site reflects the interaction between natural resources and humans since Neolithic times and illustrates the evolution of biodiversity in this zone.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Parc national du W du Niger

La portion du parc national du « W » située au Niger se trouve dans un secteur de transition entre savanes et forêts claires et représente une partie de l'écosystème caractéristique et important de la région biogéographique de forêts claires/savanes d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Le site reflète les interactions entre les ressources naturelles et l'homme, depuis le néolithique, et représente l'évolution de la diversité biologique dans cette zone.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0


يقع جزء المنتزه الوطني في "W" في النيجر في قطاع تحوّل بين السهل الكثير العشب والغابات الصغيرة وهو يمثل قسمًا من النظام البيئي المهمّ الذي يُميّز المنطقة الحيويّة الجغرافيّة في الغابات الصغيرة/السهول الكثيرة العشب في أفريقيا الغربية. ويعكس هذا الموقع التفاعلات بين الموارد الطبيعية والانسان منذ العصر النيوليتي ويمثل تطوّر التنوّع البيولوجي في هذه المنطقة.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0



source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Национальный парк «Дубль-В-дю-Нижер» («W»)

Национальный парк, расположенный в переходной зоне между саваннами и лесами, включает все основные экосистемы, характерные для этой части Западной Африки. Здесь можно проследить взаимодействие между человеком и средой его обитания, начиная с неолита, а также эволюцию экосистем этого региона в целом.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Parque Nacional de la W del Níger

El área del Parque Nacional de la W situada en el Níger abarca un sector de transición entre sabanas y bosques ralos, representativo de las características más importantes del ecosistema típico de la región biogeográfica de bosques ralos y sabanas del África Occidental. El sitio es ilustrativo de la interacción entre el hombre y los recursos naturales desde el Periodo Neolítico, así como de la evolución de la diversidad biológica en esta parte del continente africano.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0


source: NFUAJ

W Nationaal park van Niger

Het Nigeriaanse deel van het 'W' Nationaal park bevindt zich in een overgangszone tussen savanne en bosgebied. Het vertegenwoordigt een belangrijk ecosysteem van de West-Afrikaanse bosgebieden en biogeografische savanneregio. Het gebied weerspiegelt de interactie tussen natuurlijke hulpbronnen en mensen sinds het neolithicum. Het Nationaal park beschikt over belangrijke waterrijke gebieden, gunstig voor de interessante vogelpopulatie die hier aanwezig is en zich blijft ontwikkelen. Het park is de leefomgeving van 350 vogelsoorten, 114 vissoorten, verschillende soorten reptielen en zoogdieren, waaronder de bedreigde Afrikaanse wilde hond, cheetah, olifant, en dugong. Er zijn 500 plantensoorten te vinden in het park.

Source: unesco.nl

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Cabin on a baobab, W National Park of Niger © Hamissou Halilou Malam Garba
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

'W' National Park of Niger is located in a transition zone between savanna and woodlands and represents a part of the important ecosystem characteristics of the West African woodlands/savanna bio-geographical region.  The property reflects the interaction between natural resources and human beings since neolithic times and has produced characteristic landscapes and plant formations and represents the evolution of biodiversity in the Sudano-Sahelian biome.

Criterion (ix): 'W' Park possesses important hydrological resources that favour the presence of an interesting bird population that continues to evolve. The landscapes of the Park are very diversified, including aquatic ecosystems (large and small rivers, ponds) and land ecosystems where grassy areas, brush shrubbery and gallery forests alternate.

Criterion (x): The property contains a fairly rich biodiversity essentially comprising 350 bird species, 114 fish species (representative of the fauna of the River Niger), several species of reptiles and mammals and 500 plant species. Among the mammal species, the property contains threatened species such as the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), the elephant (Loxodonta africana), dugong (Trichechus senegalensis) and the red-fronted gazelle (Eudorcas rufifrons).


With a fairly large area (220,000 ha), the Park is quite extensive and contains all the elements of habitat indispensable for the viable survival of populations. The natural environment of the Park presents an increase of its primary productivity, a demographical expansion of large mammals and a notable increase of its biological diversity (reappearance of several species of large wildlife that had disappeared). In order to strengthen the conservation of its rich biological diversity, notably its interesting bird population and the new species regularly reported, 'W' Park has been provided with two buffer zones: the entire Wildlife Reserve of Tamou and part of the Wildlife Reserve of Dosso.

Protection and management requirements

The property benefits from legal protection through national laws and receives financial and technical support from the State and some development partners. It also has a development and management plan.  Although the boundaries of the property are clearly defined and controlled, there are however threats such as poaching, illegal grazing and encroachment of agricultural land.  Adequate measures must be undertaken to combat these threats. In order to ensure a sustainable management and conservation of this property, a sustainable financing strategy is indispensable to guarantee the necessary human and financial resources, and especially to effectively implement the development and management plan and the tripartite agreement (Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger) concerning the W complex. The strengthening of cooperation with neighbouring countries in view of a possible transboundary extension of the property is necessary.