English Français
Help preserve sites now!

City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Founded in the 2nd century B.C. in northern Italy, Vicenza prospered under Venetian rule from the early 15th to the end of the 18th century. The work of Andrea Palladio (1508–80), based on a detailed study of classical Roman architecture, gives the city its unique appearance. Palladio's urban buildings, as well as his villas, scattered throughout the Veneto region, had a decisive influence on the development of architecture. His work inspired a distinct architectural style known as Palladian, which spread to England and other European countries, and also to North America.

Ville de Vicence et les villas de Palladio en Vénétie

Fondée au IIe siècle av. J.-C. dans le nord de l'Italie, la cité a prospéré sous la domination vénitienne, du début du XVe à la fin du XVIIIe siècle. L'œuvre d'Andrea Palladio (1508-1580), fondée sur une étude approfondie de l'architecture romaine classique, donna à la ville son apparence unique. Ses interventions urbaines et ses villas, dont il parsema toute la Vénétie, eurent une influence décisive sur le cours ultérieur de l'architecture. Son travail a inspiré un style architectural caractéristique (le palladianisme) qui s'est répandu en Angleterre, dans d'autres pays d'Europe et en Amérique du Nord.

مدينة فيسانزا وفلاّت بالاديوفي فينيتو

تأسست هذه المدينة في القرن الثاني ق.م. في شمال إيطاليا، وازدهرت في ظلّ حكم البنادقة في بداية القرن الخامس عشر وحتى نهاية القرن الثامن عشر. كما أن عمل أندريا بالاّديو (1508-1580) التي ارتكزت على دراسة عميقة للهندسة المعمارية الكلاسيكية منح المدينة مظهرها الفريد. وكان لأعماله في المدن وفِلاّته التي نشرها في فينيتو كلها تأثير حاسم على مسار الهندسة المعمارية اللاحق. وقد ألهم عمله أسلوبًا معماريًا مميزًا (سمّي بالبالاديّة) وانتشر في إنكلترا، وفي بلدان أخرى من أوروبا وأميركا الشمالية.

source: UNESCO/ERI

维琴查城和威尼托的帕拉迪恩别墅

维琴查城于公元前2世纪修建在意大利北部,在威尼斯人的统治下,维琴查于15世纪早期到18世纪末达到全盛时期。意大利建筑师安德烈亚·帕拉第奥(1508-1580年)对古罗马建筑进行了详细研究,赋予了这座城市独特的风貌。帕拉第奥的市区建筑,以及散布在威尼托区的别墅,对意大利的建筑发展产生了决定性影响。帕拉第奥的建筑作品形成了一个与众不同的建筑风格,就是人们熟知的帕拉迪恩风格,这种建筑风格也传播到了英国、其他欧洲国家和北美。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Город Виченца и вилла архитектора Палладио в области Венето

Основанная во II в. до н.э. в северной Италии, Виченца процветала под венецианским правлением с начала XV в. до конца XVIII вв. Творения Андреа Палладио (1508-1580 гг.), базирующиеся на детальном изучении классической древнеримской архитектуры, придают городу уникальный вид. Как городские постройки, так и загородные виллы работы Палладио, разбросанные по всей области Венето, оказали решающее влияние на развитие архитектуры последующих периодов. Его работы легли в основу архитектурного стиля, известного как палладианство, который позже распространился в Англии, в других европейских странах, а также в Северной Америке.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad de Vicenza y villas de Palladio en el Véneto

Situada en el norte de Italia, Vicenza fue fundada en el siglo II a.C. y prosperó bajo la dominación veneciana, desde principios del siglo XV hasta finales del XVIII. La obra de Andrea Palladio (1508-1580), basada en un estudio profundizado de la arquitectura romana clásica, dio a la ciudad su sello excepcional. Las construcciones urbanas de este arquitecto, así como las villas campestres que edificó en toda la región del Véneto, tuvieron una influencia decisiva en la arquitectura de los siglos posteriores, dando lugar a un peculiar estilo arquitectónico –el palladianismo– que se extendió por algunos países europeos como Inglaterra, y también por América del Norte.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ヴィチェンツァ市街とヴェネト地方のパッラーディオ様式の邸宅群

source: NFUAJ

Vicenza en de Palladische villa's van Veneto

Vicenza werd in de 2e eeuw vóór Christus gebouwd in Noord-Italië. Het floreerde onder Venetiaanse heerschappij van de vroege 15e- tot het einde van de 18e eeuw. Het werk van Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) – gebaseerd op een gedetailleerde studie van de klassieke Romeinse architectuur – geeft de stad haar unieke uitstraling. De stedelijke gebouwen en villa’s van Palladio zijn verdeeld over de regio van Veneto en hadden een beslissende invloed op de ontwikkeling van de architectuur. Het werk van Palladio inspireerde tot een uitzonderlijke architectonische stijl die bekend staat als het Palladianisme. De stijl verspreide zich naar Engeland en andere Europese landen en naar Noord-Amerika.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
Long Description

Vicenza represents a unique artistic achievement in the many architectural contributions from Andrea Palladio integrated within its historic fabric and creating its overall character. Through its architecture, the city has exerted exceptional influence on architectural and urban design in most European countries and throughout the world.

Vicenza is situated in the Veneto region of northern Italy on the low hills between the mountains of Berici and Lessini, on a natural communication route. The city of Vicenza was founded in the 2nd or 1st century BC by the Veneti and was granted Roman citizenship with the status of municipium in 49 BC. The ancient town plan is still recognizable in that of the modern town, Corso Palladio being the decumanus maximus and Contra Porti the cardo maximus . Among the public buildings erected from the time of Augustus that survive are the remains of the theatre, now incorporated in a more recent structure, and sections of the aqueduct to the north of the city.

The city became the See of a Christian diocese at the end of the 4th century AD. In the 5th century it was on the route of successive barbarian groups, whose ravages were exacerbated by a series of disastrous plagues, which left the region depopulated. It formed part of the Langobardic kingdom and became chief town of one of the 36 duchies. Eventually the pope called on Charlemagne to drive out the Lombards, and Vicenza became a Frankish Countship within the March of Friuli. It was during this period that the first Benedictine communities of San Felice and San Pietro were established. The disintegration of the Carolingian Empire saw fresh invaders, this time the Magyars, whose depredations led to the construction of city walls. The bloody wars between episcopal feudatories and the Ghibelline Counts that disfigured most of the 12th and early 13th centuries raged around Vicenza. The region became divided into a patchwork of small seigneuries, which fought among themselves, only uniting to defy the Holy Roman Emperor. Like most Italian cities of the period, Vicenza evolved its own administration, which in 1208 introduced controls on building within the enceinte of the walls. A new urban perimeter was created by the Della Scala family, enclosing the most important streets within the city.

A movement by the small states in the region towards coalescence was interpreted by Venice as a threat and so in 1404 La Serenissima annexed the entire region. Vicenza remained part of the Venetian Republic until its fall at the end of the 18th century. The feudal aristocracy was stripped of its powers and replaced by a dominant mercantile class. Feudal lands were expropriated and sold to patrician Venetian families, who created great agricultural estates on which they built sumptuous mansions. The city also prospered under Venetian rule, benefiting from its situation on a major natural communication route. The town became polarized around the four main piazzas that still exist. There had been limited expansion to the east and west in the late 14th century but the city retained its basic form throughout the succeeding centuries. The wealth of its leading citizens resulted in the erection of many lavish buildings, strongly influenced by Venetian taste, but it was the advent of Andrea Palladio that gave Vicenza its enduring form.

Andrea Palladio (1508-80) was profoundly influenced by his study of the surviving monuments of classical Rome and of the works of Vitruvius. For Vicenza he created both public (Basilica, Loggia del Capitaniato, Teatro Olimpico) and private buildings. A total of 26 individual buildings or parts of buildings known to have been designed or reconstructed by Palladio or attributed to him make up the World Heritage site - 23 in the city itself and three villas in its immediate environs. The palazzi or town houses were fitted into the urban texture of the medieval city, creating picturesque ensembles and continuous street facades in which the Veneto Gothic style combines with Palladio's articulated classicism. These urban compositions closely related to theatre design, which link reality and make-believe, are unique to Vicenza. A similar approach to composition is shown by the location of the suburban villa known as La Rotonda, as seen from the Villa Cricoli.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Vicenza is situated in the Veneto region of northern Italy on the low hills between the mountains of Berici and Lessini, on a natural communication route. The city of Vicetia was founded in the 2nd or 1st century BC by the Veneti and was granted Roman citizenship with the status of municipium in 49 BC. The ancient town plan is still recognizable in that of the modem town, Corso Palladio being the decumanus moximus and Contra Porti the cardo maximus. Among the public buildings erected from the time of Augustus that survive are the remains of the theatre, now incorporated in a more recent structure, and sections of the aqueduct to the north of the city.

The city became the see of a Christian diocese at the end of the 4th century AD. In the 5th century it was on the route of successive barbarian groups, whose ravages were exacerbated by a series of disastrous plagues, which left the region depopulated. It formed part of the Langobardic kingdom and became chief town of one of the 36 duchies. Eventua11y the Pope called upon Charlemagne to drive out the Lombards, and Vicenza became a Frankish Countship within the March of Friuli. It was during this period that the first Benedictine communities of San Felice and San Pietro were established. The disintegration of the Carolingian Empire saw fresh invaders, this time the Magyars, whose depredations led to the construction of city walls.

The bloody wars between episcopal feudatories and the Ghibelline Counts that disfigured most of the 12th and early 13th centuries raged around Vicenza. The region became divided into a patchwork of small seigneuries, who fought among themselves, only uniting to defy the Holy Roman Emperor. Like most Italian cities of the period, Vicenza evolved its own administration, which in 1208 introduced controls on building within the enceinte of the walls. A new urban perimeter was created by the Della Scala family, enclosing the most important streets within the city. A movement on the part of the small states in the region towards coalescence was interpreted by Venice as a threat and so in 1404 La Serenissima annexed the entire region. Vicenza remained part of the V enetian Republic with only one short break until its fall at the end of the 18th century. The feudal aristocracy was stripped of its powers and replaced by a dominant mercantile class. Feudal lands were expropriated and sold to patrician Venetian families, who created great agricultural estates on which they built sumptuous mansions.

The city also prospered under Venetian rule, benefiting from its situation on a major natural communication route. The town became polarized around the four main piazzas that still exist. There had been limited expansion to the east and west in the late 14th century but the city retained its basic form throughout the succeeding centuries. The wealth of its leading citizens resulted in the erection of many lavish buildings, strongly influenced by Venetian taste, but it was the advent of Andrea Palladio that gave Vicenza its enduring form.

The overall form of the city was little changed in the 19th century under first Austrian and then Italian rule, and it was not until after World War II that there was a substantial expansion of housing and industry to the west.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation