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Dinosaur Provincial Park

Dinosaur Provincial Park

In addition to its particularly beautiful scenery, Dinosaur Provincial Park – located at the heart of the province of Alberta's badlands – contains some of the most important fossil discoveries ever made from the 'Age of Reptiles', in particular about 35 species of dinosaur, dating back some 75 million years.

Parc provincial Dinosaur

Outre ses paysages d'une grande beauté, le parc, situé au cœur des bad-lands de la province de l'Alberta, contient les vestiges les plus importants qu'on ait jamais trouvés de l'« âge des reptiles ». Il s'agit en particulier d'environ 35 espèces de dinosaures remontant à quelque 75 millions d'années.

الحديقة المحلية للدناصير

تقع هذه الحديقة التي تتميّز بمناظرها الطبيعية الخلاّبة في عمق الأراضي الجرداء في مقاطعة ألبرتا وهي تحوي أهم الآثار المكتشفة من "عصر الزواحف"، وبوجه خاص آثار لحوالى 35 جنساً من الدناصير التي ترقى إلى 75 مليون سنة تقريباً.

source: UNESCO/ERI

艾伯塔省恐龙公园

艾伯塔省恐龙公园位于艾伯塔省荒地的中心,公园内除了特别秀丽的风景之外,还有许多最为重要的“爬行动物时代”(Age of Reptiles)的化石,特别是可以追溯到7500万年前的35种恐龙化石。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Провинциальный парк Дайносор

Парк Дайносор, располагающийся посреди каменистых степей в провинции Альберта, отличается не только внешней экзотичностью, но и содержит одну из ценнейших коллекций ископаемых находок, относящихся к «Эре рептилий». В частности, это останки динозавров, принадлежащих примерно к 35 разновидностям, жившим 75 млн. лет назад.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Provincial de los Dinosaurios

Situado en la zona desértica de la provincia de Alberta, este parque de bellísimos paisajes contiene los más importantes vestigios de la "Era de los Reptiles" encontrados hasta la fecha. Se trata concretamente de 35 especies de dinosaurios que vivieron hace unos 75 millones de años.

source: UNESCO/ERI

恐竜州立自然公園

source: NFUAJ

Provinciaal dinosauruspark

Het Provinciaal dinosauruspark ligt in de ‘Badlands’ in het hart van de provincie Alberta. Dit deel van Canada was 15.000 jaar geleden vlak en bedekt met een ijskap van ongeveer 600 meter dik. Het natuurgebied is prachtig en bevat daarnaast enkele van de belangrijkste fossiele vondsten van het ‘Reptielen Tijdperk’ ooit gedaan, in het bijzonder 35 soorten dinosaurussen die dateren van ongeveer 75 miljoen jaar geleden. Grote rivieren die hier 75 miljoen jaar geleden stroomden, lieten zand en modder achter. Deze maken nu deel uit van de valleimuren en heuvels in het huidige Provinciaal dinosauruspark.

Source: unesco.nl

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Dinosaur Provincial Park © Kevin Saff
Statement of Significance

Dinosaur Provincial Park contains some of the most important fossil specimens discovered from the "Age of Dinosaurs" period of Earth's history.  The property is unmatched in terms of the number and variety of high quality specimens, over 60 of which represent more than 45 genera and 14 families of dinosaurs, which date back 75-77 million years.  The park contains exceptional riparian habitat features as well as "badlands" of outstanding aesthetic value.

Criterion (vii): Dinosaur Provincial Park is an outstanding example of major geological processes and fluvial erosion patterns in semi-arid steppes.  These "badlands" stretch along 24 kilometers of high quality and virtually undisturbed riparian habitat, presenting a landscape of stark, but exceptional natural beauty.

Criterion (viii): The property is outstanding in the number and variety of high quality specimens representing every known group of Cretaceous dinosaurs.  The diversity affords excellent opportunities for paleontology that is both comparative and chronological.  Over 300 specimens from the Oldman Formation in the park including more than 150 complete skeletons now reside in more than 30 major museums.

Long Description

Dinosaur Provincial Park - located at the heart of Alberta's badlands - contains some of the most important fossil discoveries ever made from the 'Age of Reptiles', in particular about 35 species of dinosaur, dating back some 75 million years.

Dinosaur Provincial Park is located in the Dry Mixedgrass Subregion of the Grassland Natural Region. This is the warmest and driest subregion in Alberta. Permanent streams are relatively rare, although the ones that do exist are deeply carved into the bedrock in some places. This as exposed Cretaceous shales and sandstones, creating extensive badlands, the largest in Canada.

Great rivers that flowed here 75 million years ago left sand and mud deposits that make up the valley walls, hills and hoodoos of modern-day Dinosaur Provincial Park. About 15,000 years ago this area was flat and covered by an ice sheet some 600 m thick. During this ice age, glacial melt water carved steep-sided channels; ice crystals, wind and flowing water continued to shape the badlands. Today, water from prairie creeks and run-off continues to sculpt the landscape and expose bedrock.

During the late Cretaceous period, 75 million years ago, the landscape was very different. The climate was subtropical, with lush forests covering a coastal plain. Rivers flowed east, across the plain into the Bearpaw warm inland sea. The low swampy country was home to a variety of animals, including dinosaurs. The conditions were also perfect for the preservation of their bones as fossils. Between 1979 and 1991, a total of 23,347 fossil specimens were collected, including 300 dinosaur skeletons.

Geological strata of the Judith River formation have yielded many of the dinosaur remains for which the park is renowned. Some 35 species of over 34 genera of 12 families of dinosaurs have been found in the park, including specimens from every known group of dinosaurs from the Cretaceous period. The families Hadrasauridae, Ornithomimidae, Tyrannosauridae, Nodosauridae, Pachycephalosauridae and Ceratopsidae are best represented. Other fossil remains include fish, turtles, marsupials and amphibians.

About 6% of the park is occupied by significant and, for the most part, undisturbed riparian habitat shaped by the meandering channel of the Red Deer River and characterized by point bars, wide terraces, fans and cut banks.

The river terraces support lush and diverse vegetation in various successional stages, ranging from pioneer willow stands to structurally complex plains, cottonwood forest, tall shrub thickets, ephemeral wetlands and dense sagebrush flats. Plains cottonwood riparian communities are among the most threatened habitats in semi-arid regions. The 'badlands' provide habitat for a number of ecologically specialized plant species and are characterized by open vegetation dominated by plants of the genus Artemisia and the family Chenopodiaceae. Remnant and recently created grasslands occur on buttes and large pediments.

The mild winter microclimate, coupled with an abundant food supply, provides critical winter range for native ungulates such as pronghorn, mule deer and white-tailed deer. The relative richness and abundance of breeding avifauna is noteworthy. Over 150 species of bird have been recorded. The area supports a number of species locally threatened or at their biogeographic limits, including golden eagle, prairie falcon, ferruginous hawk, loggerhead shrike, merlin, sparrow and grasshopper sparrow. Plains spade-foot toad also occurs.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC