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Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Situated in the north-west of Sichaun Province, the Huanglong valley is made up of snow-capped peaks and the easternmost of all the Chinese glaciers. In addition to its mountain landscape, diverse forest ecosystems can be found, as well as spectacular limestone formations, waterfalls and hot springs. The area also has a population of endangered animals, including the giant panda and the Sichuan golden snub-nosed monkey.

Région d'intérêt panoramique et historique de Huanglong

Dans le nord-ouest de la province du Sichuan, la région de Huanglong comprend des sommets couverts de neiges éternelles et le glacier chinois situé le plus à l'est. À ses paysages de montagne s'ajoutent des écosystèmes forestiers très variés, associés à des formations karstiques spectaculaires, des chutes d'eau et des sources d'eau chaude. La région abrite un certain nombre d'espèces animales menacées, dont le panda géant et le singe doré à nez camus du Sichuan.

منطقة هوانغلونغ ذات الأهميّة الجماليّة والتاريخيّة

تقع منطقة هوانغلونغ شمال غرب مقاطعة سيشوان وهي تضمّ قمماً تغطيّها أبداً الثلوج والقمّة الجليديّة الصينيّة القائمة عند أقصى الشرق. تُضاف إلى مناظرها الجبليّة النظم البيئيّة الحرجيّة المتنوّعة والتكوّنات الصلصاليّة الخلاّبة وشلالات المياه ومنابع المياه الساخنة. وتضم المنطقة عدداً من الأصناف الحيوانيّة المهددة ومنها دب الباندا العملاق وقرد سيشوان المذهّب ذات الأنف الأفطس.

source: UNESCO/ERI

黄龙风景名胜区

黄龙风景名胜区,位于四川省西北部,是由众多雪峰和中国最东边的冰川组成的山谷。除了高山景观,人们还可以在这里发现各种不同的森林生态系统,以及壮观的石灰岩构造、瀑布和温泉。这一地区还生存着许多濒临灭绝的动物,包括大熊猫和四川疣鼻金丝猴。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Пейзажная достопримечательная зона Хуанлун

Долина Хуанлун находится на северо-западе провинции Сычуань. Она окружена снежными горными вершинами, здесь же – самый восточный из всех ледников Китая. В долине произрастают леса самого различного состава, здесь можно увидеть целые каскады известковых террас и ванн, водопады и термальные источники. Отмечен целый ряд редких животных, включая гигантскую панду и обезьяну – золотого курносого лангура.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Región de interés panorí¡mico e histórico de Huanglong

Situada al noreste de la provincia de Sichuan, la región de Huanglong posee un macizo montañoso con cumbres cubiertas por nieves perpetuas y el glaciar mí¡s oriental de China. A sus bellos paisajes montañosos vienen a añadirse ecosistemas forestales muy variados, formaciones kí¡rsticas espectaculares, cascadas y fuentes de aguas termales. La región alberga algunas especies animales en peligro de extinción, como el panda gigante y el mono dorado de nariz chata.

source: UNESCO/ERI

黄龍の景観と歴史地域

source: NFUAJ

Huanglong: gebied van landschappelijke en historische betekenis

De Huanglong vallei ligt in het noordwesten van de provincie Sichuan en bestaat uit sneeuwbedekte toppen en de meest oostelijke van alle Chinese gletsjers. Behalve het berglandschap komen er ook diverse bosecosystemen voor, net als indrukwekkende kalksteenformaties, watervallen en warmwaterbronnen. Grote delen van het gebied genoten honderdduizenden jaren bescherming vanwege ofwel de ontoegankelijkheid ervan ofwel omdat de plek een belangrijke positie innam in de lokale cultuur en Tibetaanse religie. Huanglong is ook het leefgebied van een aantal bedreigde dieren, waaronder de reuzenpanda, de Sichuan gouden stompneusaap, de Aziatische zwarte beer, de pallaskat, de Sichuan takin, de Chinese bosgems, de Himalaya goral en het argali schaap.

Source: unesco.nl

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Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area © Vincent Ko Hon Chiu
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis 

Situated in the north-west of Sichuan Province, the Huanglong valley with its series of travertine lakes, waterfalls, forests and mountain scenery is a superlative natural property. Topped by permanently snow-capped peaks rising from a base of 1,700 m up to 5,588 m, these include the easternmost glacier in China. Covering 60,000 ha, this area located within the Minshan Mountains also includes spectacular limestone formations and hot springs. Its diverse forest ecosystems provide the home for a number of endangered plants and animals, including the giant panda and Sichuan golden snub-nosed monkey.

Criterion (vii): Huanglong is renowned for its beautiful mountainous scenery, with relatively undisturbed and highly diverse forest ecosystems, combined with the more spectacular localised karst formations, such as travertine pools, waterfalls and limestone shoals. Its travertine terraces and lakes are certainly unique in all of Asia, and rate among the three most outstanding examples in the world.

Integrity

The Huanglong valley is relatively compact and surrounded on three sides by precipitous peaks. An entrance station at the mouth of the valley controls access. Outside the buffer zone there is seasonal stock grazing by nomadic Tibetan pastoralists but impacts are limited.

The property contains all the necessary elements to demonstrate its aesthetic importance including, in particular, travertine formations, waterfalls and limestone formations. Tourist impacts are controlled through strict management through a zoning system, ensuring that forest ecosystems and mountain scenery are well protected. Wildlife is in a healthy state with numbers increasing, and the vegetation is recovering well.

Protection and management requirements

As a national park, Huanglong is protected by national and local laws and regulations. These laws and regulations include the Environment Protection Law, Law of China on the Protection of Wildlife, Regulation on National Park in China, Sichuan Provincial Regulation on World Heritage Protection, promulgatedin 2004, and Regulation on Implementing Sichuan Provincial Regulation on World Heritage Protection promulgated by Aba Autonomous Prefecture. These ensure the long-term management and conservation of the property.

In 2006, the administrative structure of Huanglong World Heritage Property was established, comprised of more than 20 departments including Nature Protection, Scientific Research, Planning and others. A substantial budget is provided to ensure the protection of the property. From 2004 to 2007, the Sichuan Provincial Government organized the Survey on Water Circulation System of Huanglong-Jiuzhaigou World Heritage Site and the Survey on Fragile Ecosystems in Scenic Areas. These provide a comprehensive database for protection and management operations.

The main management issue is the growing number of tourists. Other potential issues requiring effective action include natural forest fire and pollution. The property benefits from the Master Plan of Huanglong, together with a Scenic Planning Standard, for better protection, demonstration, utilization and management of the property. This Plan promotes, through strict observance of the law and effective science-based management, its environmental, social and economic sustainable development.

Long Description

The property lies in the southern part of the Min Shan Range, approximately 150 km north/north-west of the provincial capital of Chengdu. It is divided into two distinct sites: the Huanglong subdivision and the Mouni Gully subdivision.

Tectonic activity, in the form of earthquakes, is fairly frequent. The relief is predominantly precipitous, a particularly spectacular example being where the Fujiang River flows through the Danyun Gorge. Above the timberline are extensive areas of precipitous mountain scenery, snow-covered for much of the year. Xuebaoding, or Snow Mountain Peak, is permanently snow-covered and bears the easternmost glacier in China. Of greatest geologically interest is the extensive calcite deposition that has taken place, notably along the 3.6 km Huanglonggou (Yellow Dragon Gully) where there are several extensive areas of travertine pools. Algae and bacteria proliferate in a number of these pools, giving a wide range of colours from orange and yellow to green and blue. Other karst features include long limestone shoals, notably Liujinshan (Glazed Golden Fan) and Jinshatan (Golden Sand Beach), in Huanglonggou. These are extensive slopes of active limestone deposition, covered entirely by a thin layer of flowing water.

The Huanglong subdivision contains the main tributaries leading into the upper waters of the Fujiang River, which has its source at the Snow Mountain Ridge. Water flow varies throughout the year, with peak flows during the flood season from May to July. A number of low-temperature hot springs rise from deep groundwater.

The Mouni Gully subdivision consists of two parallel small gullies, Zhaga and Erdaohai. There are two important areas of hot springs in this site: FeicuiKuang-quan and the springs in Zhuzhuhu. The waters of both springs have high mineral contents and are said to have important medicinal properties. Mouni Gully also contains a number of very attractive lakes and the Zhaga Waterfall.

Huanglong is situated at the transition zone between the eastern damp forest zone and the mountainous coniferous woods/meadow grassland and shrub zone of Qing-Zang Plateau. It lies close to the intersection of four floral regions: Eastern Asia, Himalaya, and the subtropical and tropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere.

From 1,700 m to 2,300 m, there is a belt of mixed forest dominated by Chinese hemlock, Chinese or dragon spruce and three species of maple. Between 2,300 m and 3,600 m, the forest is largely coniferous and subalpine in character, dominated by spruces; firs; larch and birches. Between 3,600 m and 4,200 m, the forest gives way to alpine meadows dominated by shrubs and grasses. From 4,200 m to 4,800 m vegetation is sparser, but includes shrubs. Above 4,800m, there is permanent snow and ice.

A large number of faunal species listed are threatened mammals include such notable species as giant panda, golden snub-nosed monkey, brown bear Asiatic black bear, leopard, Pallas' cat, Asiatic wild dog, lesser panda, Szechwan takin, mainland serow, common goral, argali and three species of deer.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Established 1982. Large parts of the area have received protection for hundreds of thousands of years, either because of their inaccessibility or because of their important position in local culture and the Tibetan religion. The site was listed as a state scenic district in 1982; the Sichuan provincial government gave the entire site legal protection in January 1987. In 1992, the central and second class conservation zone was accepted as a natural World Heritage status on the basis of meeting criteria (iii). The Mouni Gully separate subdivision to the west is not part of the World Heritage site.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation