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Ban Chiang Archaeological Site

Ban Chiang Archaeological Site

Ban Chiang is considered the most important prehistoric settlement so far discovered in South-East Asia. It marks an important stage in human cultural, social and technological evolution. The site presents the earliest evidence of farming in the region and of the manufacture and use of metals.

Site archéologique de Ban Chiang

Considéré comme le plus important habitat préhistorique découvert à ce jour en Asie du Sud-Est, Ban Chiang a marqué une étape importante dans l'évolution culturelle, sociale et technologique de l'homme. Le site témoigne de l'existence d'activités agricoles ainsi que de la production et de l'utilisation de métaux.

موقع بان شيانغ الأثري

يُعتبر هذا الموقع أهم مسكن من عصور ما قبل التاريخ تم اكتشافه حتى اليوم جنوب شرق آسيا. وقد شكل مرحلة هامة من التطور البشري على مستوى الثقافة والمجتمع والتكنولوجيا، كما انه يشهد على قيام نشاطات زراعية وعلى انتاج المعادن واستخدامها.

source: UNESCO/ERI

班清考古遗址

班清被视为迄今为止在东南亚发现的最重要的史前聚居地,它的发现向人们揭示了人类文化、社会和技术发展过程中的一个很重要的阶段。该遗址发掘出来的葬物证实该地区曾有过农业耕作、制造和使用金属的活动,也是迄今为止所能提供的最早的此类证明。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Археологический памятник Банчианг

Банчианг признается наиболее важным доисторическим поселением, обнаруженным до настоящего времени в Юго-Восточной Азии. Он отмечает важный этап в культурной, социальной и технологической эволюции человека. Объект представляет самые ранние свидетельства развития в этом регионе сельского хозяйства, а также производства и использования металлов.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Sitio arqueológico de Ban Chiang

Considerado el más importante poblamiento prehistórico del Asia Sudoriental descubierto hasta la fecha, el sitio de Ban Chiang es testigo de una etapa decisiva de la evolución cultural, social y tecnológica de la humanidad, ya que sus vestigios constituyen las primeras pruebas de la existencia de una agricultura y de una producción y utilización de los metales en la región.

source: UNESCO/ERI

バン・チアンの古代遺跡

source: NFUAJ

Archeologisch gebied Ban Chiang

Ban Chiang is zonder twijfel de belangrijkste prehistorische nederzetting die tot nu toe ontdekt is in Zuidoost Azië. Het gebied geeft het vroegste bewijs voor echte landbouw en voor de vervaardiging en het gebruik van metalen. Dit gebeurde in het vijfde millennium voor Christus, waarmee het gebied geldt als een bijzonder cultureel, sociaal en technologisch fenomeen. De belangrijkste opgravingen hebben plaatsgevonden aan de rand van Ban Chiang, waar een groot aantal graven uit drie verschillende perioden zijn bloot- en vastgelegd. Daarbij zijn diverse keramische en metalen grafobjecten gevonden. Een van deze opgravingen is bewaard en tentoongesteld voor het publiek.

Source: unesco.nl

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Ban Chiang Archaeological Site
Long Description

Ban Chiang was the centre of a remarkable phenomenon of human cultural, social, and technological evolution in the 5th millennium BC, which occurred independently in this area of south-east Asia and spread widely over the whole region. It is without question the most important prehistoric settlement so far discovered in south-east Asia. It presents the earliest evidence for true farming in the region and for the manufacture and use of metals: its long cultural sequence, size and economic status has no parallel in any other contemporary site in the region.

Recent archaeological work at Nok Nok Tha and, later, Ban Chiang on the Khorat plateau of north-east Thailand has demonstrated that in south-east Asia prehistory was culturally backward. This area of modern Thailand has been shown by excavation and field survey to have been the centre of a cultural development in the 4th millennium BC that was an independent from China to the north and India to the west over much of south-east Asia and beyond into the Indonesian archipelago.

Settlement of the Khorat plateau began around 3600 BC. The settlers came from the neighbouring lowlands, bringing with them a hunter-gatherer economy that was beginning to develop sedentary farming, with domesticated cattle, pigs, and chickens and an elementary form of dry-rice cultivation. The settled village life of this Early Period at Ban Chiang lasted until around 1000 BC. Agricultural methods were refined and improved, along with other skills such as house construction and pottery manufacture. The equipment of burials reflects an increasing social complexity.

The Middle Period (1000-500/300 BC) was notable for the introduction of wet-rice farming, as evidenced by the presence of water buffalo bones, and technological developments in ceramic and metal production. It was a time of considerable prosperity, as shown by the grave-goods, and one which saw the introduction of iron into common use.

Although occupation appears to have ended at Ban Chiang in the 3rd century AD, while continuing at other sites in the region, Ban Chiang is considered to have been the principal settlement in this area of the Khorat plateau and has given its name to a distinctive archaeological culture. The prehistoric settlement, a low oval mound established by Laotian refugees in the late 8th century, lies beneath the modern village of Ban Chiang. Only very limited excavation has been possible in the settlement site, but this has established the existence of deep stratification and long cultural continuity.

The main excavations have taken place on the perimeter of the modern village, where a large number of burials from all three periods, with rich ceramic and metal grave-goods, have been revealed and recorded. One of the excavations has been preserved for public viewing, with a permanent cover building: there is an excellent site museum in another part of the village.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Until the 1960s. south-east Asia was considered to have been a culturally backward area in prehistory. The generally accepted view was that its cultural development resulted from external influences, principally from China to the north and India to the west. Recent archaeological work at Nok Nok Tha and, later, Ban Chiang on the Khorat plateau of north-east Thailand has demonstrated this view to be incorrect: this area of modem Thailand has been shown by excavation and field survey to have been the centre of an independent, and vigorous, cultural development in the 4th millennium BC which shaped contemporary social and cultural evolution over much of southeast Asia and beyond. into the Indonesian archipelago.

Settlement of the Khorat plateau began around 3600 BC. The settlers came from the neighbouring lowlands, bringing with them a hunter-gatherer economy that was beginning to develop sedentary farming, with domesticated cattle, pigs, and chickens and an elementary form of dry-rice cultivation. The settled village life of this Early Period at Ban Chiang lasted until c. 1000 BC. Agricultural methods were refined and improved, along with other skills such as house construction and pottery manufacture. The equipment of burials reflects an increasing social complexity. Of especial importance was the growing use of bronze, for weapons and personal ornament in the earlier phase but spreading to more utilitarian applications in the later phases.

The Middle Period (lOOO-500/300 BC) was notable for the introduction of wet-rice farming, as evidenced by the presence of waterbuffalo bones, and technological developments in ceramic and metal production, It was a period of considerable prosperity, as shown by the grave-goods, and one which saw the introduction of iron into common use.

In the Late Period (500/300 BC-AD 200/300) there was further social and technological development. especially in ceramic design and production. Although occupation appears to have ended at Ban Chiang in the 3rd century AD, at other sites in the region, such as Non Maung and Ban Prasat, settlement was continuous into the 16th century and later.

Ban Chiang is considered to have been the principal settlement in this area of the Khorat plateau and has given its name to a distinctive archaeological culture. Scores of contemporary sites have been discovered in the region, at several of which excavations have been carried out. The prehistoric settlement lies beneath the modern village of Ban Chiang (established by Laotian refugees in the late 18th century). It is a low oval mound some 500m by 1.3km. Only very limited excavation has been possible in the settlement site, but this has established the existence of deep stratification and long cultural continuity.

The main excavations have taken place on the perimeter of the modem village, where a large number of burials from all three periods, with rich ceramic and metal grave-goods, have been revealed and recorded. One of the excavations has been preserved for public viewing, with a permanent cover building: there is an excellent site museum in another part of the village.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation